Dentistry is the branch of medical science that involves all aspects of oral health and pathology of the oro-facial complex and their related systemic manifestations from infancy to geriatrics, inclusive of the neurologically challenged or disabled. Dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal (gum) diseases remain the most prevalent diseases affecting humankind, despite decades of research, and effective public health interventional measures, such as water fluoridation. On the other hand, from a clinician’s perspective, there are persistent diagnostic and management challenges with respect to pathologies associated with developmental and acquired anomalies, as well as worn dentition. The latter in particular is a growing concern due to the increasing burden of frail elderly in most developed countries, who are sustained through modern medical interventional measures.
Furthermore, dental practitioners in both clinical and academic areas over the past several decades have witnessed dramatic and far-reaching technological advancements in materials and instrumentation. These cutting-edge developments in dentistry will further expand our horizons to best meet the future oral and dental needs of the populace.