Submission Guiding Principles

A New Era of Ethical Publishing!

The tide has turned in scholarly publishing, thanks to organizations like COPE, DOAJ, OASPA, ICMJE, and AMA. They’ve diligently set the bar for ethical conduct, ushering in a golden age of research integrity.

Openventio Embraces the Standard

We at Openventio wholeheartedly applaud these efforts. We’re committed to upholding the highest scientific and ethical standards, striving for excellence in everything we publish.

Guiding Our Steps

To safeguard the integrity of our publications, we pledge to be guided by:

  • Unwavering Freedom:¬†We defend academic freedom and the right to publish advanced research.
  • Rigorous Quality:¬†We maintain uncompromising standards for research,¬†ensuring scientific openness,¬†integrity,¬†and ethical conduct across disciplines.
  • Evolving Best Practices:¬†We support established best practices while embracing and promoting emerging standards to keep you informed and empowered.
  • Pioneering Paths: We publish the latest models and promote advocacy, education, and innovative content, pushing the boundaries of research.
  • Reaching the World: We ensure effective dissemination of research results, leveraging cutting-edge publishing technology to reach the widest audience possible.

By embracing these principles, Openventio stands as a beacon of ethical, high-quality publishing, dedicated to advancing knowledge and making a difference in the world.


General Guidelines

Structure and Flow: At Openventio, we recognize the value of organized and logical presentation in research articles. While the modern AIMRAD format (Aims, Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion) serves as a strong foundation, we understand that flexibility is key. We encourage authors to adapt the structure to best suit their research and ensure clear communication of findings. Different article types like meta-analyses or case reports may benefit from non-linear structures, and we welcome innovative approaches that enhance reader understanding.

Embracing the Power of Technology: The digital age has opened doors for enriching research publications. Authors can enhance their work by incorporating supplementary materials, interactive elements, and cross-linking to relevant resources. It is important to note that all supplemental materials should be submitted alongside the primary manuscript for peer review.

Reporting Guidelines

Rigor and Transparency: Openventio upholds accurate and detailed reporting for all research published in our journals. We advocate for authors to adhere to relevant reporting guidelines like Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) for trials, STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) for observational studies, Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) for systematic reviews, STAndards for the Reporting of Diagnostic accuracy studies (STARD) for diagnostic accuracy studies and Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) for for reporting meta-analyses of observational studies. These guidelines offer structured frameworks that ensure essential information is presented, allowing for thorough evaluation by editors, reviewers, and readers.

Review Manuscripts with Confidence: Authors crafting review manuscripts should actively document their search methodology, including data source selection, extraction, and synthesis processes. This level of transparency is crucial, especially for systematic reviews, to build trust and enable readers to effectively assess the evidence presented.

Valuable Resources: Seeking guidance on reporting guidelines? Explore resources like the EQUATOR Network and the NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives. These platforms offer invaluable tools and expertise to help authors adhere to best practices and deliver high-quality research publications.


Openventio offers diverse manuscript formats, including full-length articles, short articles, protocol papers, and short communications, each adhering to specific requirements outlined in the table below.




Full Article

Comprehensive reporting of research findings or literature reviews.Original Research, Observational Study, Retrospective Study, Technical Report, Systematic Review, Literature Review, Scoping Review, Narrative Review, Case Series, Case StudyReview-NA-Editorial, Special Editorial, Opposite to the Editorial, Opinion, Perspective

Short Article

Concise presentation of research findings, reviews, or opinions.Brief Research Report, Research Letter, Book Review, Mini Review, Case Report, Short type, Letter to the Editor (related to case study/series), Case Illustration, Commentary, Hypothesis, Short Communication, Opinion-NA-Case ReportEditorial, Letter to the Editor, Short Communication, Opinion
Protocol PaperDetailed description of research methodology for planned studies.Research Protocols, Research Clinical Trials Protocol-NA--NA--NA-
Short CommunicationBrief presentation of new ideas, preliminary findings, or case reports with limited data.Research Letter-NA-Short type, Letter to the Editor (related to case study/series), Case Illustration

Hypothesis, Short Communication, Illustrations, Announcements


Navigating manuscript submission is made easy with Openventio’s guide. It clarifies manuscript type selection, type of abstract selection, structure, figures/tables, length, and content highlights, ensuring a smooth preparation process.

Manuscript Type


Content Highlights

Original Research

Structured, 300 words

Yes, 4-5

In-depth original data analysis, significant findings, and novel conclusions supported by robust statistical evidence.4-5000 words

– Introduction: Clearly state the research question and background.

– Materials and Methods: Describe methodology in detail, including materials, procedures, and statistical analysis.

– Results: Present findings objectively and logically, with tables and figures for key data.

– Discussion: Interpret results in the context of existing literature, address limitations, and draw conclusions.

Brief Research ReportStructured, 250 wordsYes, 4

Preliminary findings from early-stage research or studies with limited data.

2-2500 words

– Introduction: Briefly state the research question and rationale for the study.

– Materials and Methods: Summarize methodology, highlighting key procedures.

– Results: Present pilot findings concisely, focusing on significant observations.

– Discussion: Interpret results with caution, acknowledge limitations, and suggest future directions.

Research ProtocolStructured, 300 wordsYes, 4Extensive details, justification, ethics2000 words– Comprehensive plan for a research project, including justification, ethics considerations, and detailed methodology.
Research Clinical Trial ProtocolStructured, 300 wordsYes, 2Follows ICH Good Clinical Practice guidelines3500-4000 words– Detailed plan for a clinical trial adhering to international ethical and scientific standards.
Research LetterNoYes, 2Concise findings1200-1800 words– Brief reports on original research, case studies, or significant new findings.
Observational StudyStructured, 250-300 wordsYes, 2Complies with data, pre-informed participants3000 words– Analysis of existing data collected from observational studies without experimental manipulation.
ReviewStructured, 300 wordsYes, 2Understandable language, significant references2500 words– Critical evaluation of existing literature on a specific topic.
Book ReviewUnstructured, 100-250 wordsMay/May not includeRecent, relevant journal, details included1500-2000 words– Critical evaluation of a recently published book related to the journal’s field.
Mini ReviewUnstructured, 200 wordsYes, 2Understandable language, necessary figures/tables1500-2000 words– Concise and focused review of a specific topic within the journal’s scope.
Systematic ReviewStructured, 300 wordsYes, 4Detailed methodology, statistical tools, comparisons2500 words

– Comprehensive identification and analysis of all relevant primary research on a specific topic.

– Systematic search strategy, clear inclusion/exclusion criteria, and quality assessment of studies.

– Detailed description of statistical methods used for data synthesis and meta-analysis (if applicable).

– Critical evaluation of the findings, addressing potential biases and limitations.

– Clear and concise presentation of results, highlighting key findings and implications for future research.

Scoping ReviewStructured, 300 wordsYes, 2Aims to map and summarize the existing evidence on a broad topic within the journal’s scope.2500 words

– Requires a structured abstract outlining the review objectives, search strategy, and inclusion/exclusion criteria.

– Emphasizes detailed methodology, including database searches, reference management, and quality assessment of included studies.

– Presents a clear overview of the identified studies, focusing on key themes, trends, and knowledge gaps.

Case ReportUnstructured, 250 wordsYes, 2Original, unreported entity or new presentation2500 words with clinical/radiological/pathological images

– Description of a unique or previously unreported clinical case.

– Detailed presentation of clinical findings, including history, examination, investigations, and management.

– Discussion of the differential diagnosis and potential underlying mechanisms.

– Inclusion of relevant clinical/radiological/pathological images.

Case SeriesUnstructured, 250 wordsYes, depends on the number of cases presentedIn similar cases, a comprehensive literature review2500 words with images

– Description of a series of similar cases with a specific condition or treatment.

– Comparison of individual cases, highlighting common features and variations.

– Comprehensive review of existing literature on the topic.

– Discussion of the clinical implications and potential future directions.

– Inclusion of relevant clinical/radiological/pathological images.

Technical ReportStructured, 300 wordsYes, 3Original data supporting technology development3000 words

– Description of a novel technology or innovation with potential applications.

– Clear explanation of the technical principles and underlying mechanisms.

– Presentation of original data demonstrating the performance and effectiveness of the technology.

– Discussion of the limitations and future development plans.

Letter to the EditorNoMay/May not includeSupports/refutes/adds information to published work500-1000 words

– Comments on or critiques a previously published article in the journal.

– Provides additional information or alternative perspectives not covered in the original work.

– Presents new data or arguments to support or refute the published findings.

– Maintains a respectful and constructive tone.

EditorialUnstructured, 100 wordsNoPrecise, concluding arguments without sections500-1000 words– Authoritative opinion piece on a topic relevant to the journal’s
CommentaryNoYes, 1Optional references1000-1500 words– Can include personal opinions and interpretations, but should be evidence-based and objective.
HypothesisStructured, 300 wordsYes, 2Testable and realistic, verifiable by statistics2500 words– Requires a structured abstract for a concise summarization of the hypothesis and rationale.
OpinionNoYes, 1Flexible format1500-2000 words– Flexible format, allowing for personal perspectives and arguments.
PerspectiveNoOptional, 2 figures/tablesSimilar to opinion, separate methods section, if detailed2500 words– Can present novel interpretations or insights based on existing research.
Short CommunicationUnstructured, 250-300 wordsOptional, 2 figures/tablesNew ideas, controversies, negative results, suggestions1500-2000 words– Unstructured format, allowing for concise presentations without extensive data or methods sections.
ErrataNoOptional, 1 figure/tableBrief statements addressing errors and corrections500-800 words– Provides a clear explanation of the mistake and its rectification.
IllustrationsNoYes, Clinical/diagnostic/investigative imagesBrief history, case discussion, conclusion800-1000 words– Requires a brief history of the case, case discussion, and concluding remarks contextualizing the images.
Conference ProceedingsStructured, 250-300 wordsOptional, 2 figures/tablesPresented papers from scientific conferences, symposia, or workshops500-1000 words
(unpublished research)
– Includes abstracts, full papers, or links to full reports for unpublished research
AnnouncementsNoNoConferences, workshops, seminars contact information, website details, etc500-1000 words– Includes contact information, website details, and registration instructions for interested participants.
*Note. The overall length of the manuscript might vary as per the editors’ or reviewers’ demand during the peer-review process.


This guide provides essential information for preparing and submitting manuscripts to Openventio journals.

General principles:

  • Maintain high academic standards:¬†Ensure your research adheres to scientific rigor,¬†ethical considerations,¬†and transparency.
  • Present original work:¬†Submit only original work that has not been previously published elsewhere.
  • Follow format guidelines:¬†Adhere to the specific formatting instructions for the chosen manuscript type.
  • Use clear and concise language: Write in a style that ensures clarity and accessibility of language for both specialists and a broader audience.
  • Proofread carefully:¬†Ensure your manuscript is free of grammatical errors and typos.


Mastering your manuscript’s structure is a breeze with Openventio’s detailed instructions. They break down each element, from the title page and abstract to methods, results, and discussion, guaranteeing a well-organized and impactful presentation.





Concise and informative, reflecting the main research question or finding.No more than 25-28 words, avoid abbreviations and formulae if possible.


Amplifies the title & aids in information retrieval.Briefly informs readers about the study focus. Doesn’t include key findings or conclusions. Maintains brevity and clarity.

Authors’ List

Signatures of contributors; listed according to academic contribution.Includes 1-N authors with the highest academic credential(s) and affiliation(s).

Author’s Affiliation

Department(s), and Institution(s)/Universities of the author(s).Mention ORCID ID, department, institution/university/organization, street address, city, state, zip code, country).

Corresponding author

Primary contact for readers and editors.Name, credentials, designation, complete affiliation, email address, phone and fax. Indicate the corresponding author.


Structured (except for Research Letters, Short Communications, and some others).300 words, summarizing the research question, methodology, key findings, and conclusions.


Relevant to the research topic and facilitating search.3-5 keywords.


Provides background and context for the research.Clearly states the research question or hypothesis.


Short thematic quote starting your article.Italics, Flush left, Signature underneath, flush right, Reference in superscript (if cited), Otherwise, Author and title of work.

Materials and Methods

Describes the research methodology in detail.Sufficient information for replication of the study.


Presents the findings of the research.Organized and clear presentation of data, analysis, and figures/tables.


Interprets the results and their significance.Addresses limitations and future research directions.


Summarize the main findings and their implications.Concise and impactful statement.


Accurately cites all sources used in the manuscript.Follow the journal’s preferred referencing style from the reference section below (AMA Manual of Style).


Used for URLs, affiliations, minor clarifications like the death of an author, etc.Use superscript alphabets in text and corresponding numbers in footnote section

Figures and Tables

Supplement the text by presenting data visually.Clearly labeled and numbered, with informative captions. The preferred file formats are TIFF, PNG, and JPEG with a high resolution of 300 dpi or higher.

Figures/Tables Legend

Conveys the topic of the tables and figures succinctly.Brief, specific, and descriptive titles/legends are accepted.

Figures/Tables Number

Unique identifier for each figure/table.Sequential numbering starts with 1.

Data Sources

Citation of original source(s) for the data if applicableFollow the journal’s preferred citation style given in the reference section.

Symbols and Abbreviation Key

Explanation of symbols and abbreviations used in the figure/tableIf necessary, define all symbols and abbreviations clearly.


Supplementary information is not crucial to the main text.Contains data, questionnaires, methods, and figures. Clearly label and organize addendum content.


Following the AMA Manual of Style, Openventio encourages authors to cite all sources employed in their manuscripts, encompassing both traditional (published print/online) and emerging (books, news, websites) publications. Citations should be numbered in the text to correspond with the “References” section, which must comprehensively list all cited sources and provide links to referenced tables/figures. The list of each category of reference is given below:

Reference Category    Format Example


Journal Reference

Piven EF. Increasing adherence to the diabetes regimen: An occupational therapy perspective. Diabetes Res Open J. 2014; 1(1): e1-e2.In case of more than 6 authors, provide the name of the first three authors followed by et al.
If there is no author then start the references with the title.
Journal Article (without volume/issue)Author 1, Author 2, Author 3, et al. Title. Journal short name. year: pp.Use short name for journal.
Journal Article (with volume/issue)Author 1, Author 2, Author 3, et al. Title. Journal short name. year; Vol(issue no.): pp-pp.Specify volume and issue number after year.
Part of an IssueAuthor 1, Author 2, Author 3, Author 4, Author 5, Author 6. Title. Journal short name. year; Vol(issue no, pt 3): pp-pp.Indicate “pt” for part before page numbers.
Complete Special/Theme IssueRobert J, Stacey RA, eds. Blindness. Ophthalmol. 2016; Vol(3, theme/special issue): pp-pp.Include editors and “theme/special issue” after volume.
Supplement (numbered, no issue)Author 1, Author 2, Author 3, et al. Title. Journal short name. year; Vol(suppl 4): pp-pp.Use “suppl” before supplement number.
Supplement (numbered, with issue)Author 1, Author 2, Author 3, et al. Title. Journal short name. year; Vol(issue)(suppl 6): pp-pp.Include issue number before “suppl”.
Supplement (several parts)Author1, Author 2, Author 3, et al. Title. Journal short name. year; Vol(issue)(suppl 6B): 17S-21S.Specify part (e.g., 6B) after supplement number.
Abstract from SourceAuthor 1, Author 2, Author 3, et al. Title. [abstract taken from Arch Ophthamol. 2004; 122(1):55-56]. Journal short name. year; Vol(issue): pp-pp.Include source of abstract in brackets before journal reference.
Manuscript (accepted, not published)Author 1, Author 2, Author 3, Author 4. Title. Journal short name. In press.Specify “In press” if accepted but not published.
Manuscript/Book (submitted, not accepted)These findings have recently been demonstrated (H. E. Mumanan, MD, unpublished data, January 2015).Use author/date format for unpublished data.
Personal CommunicationIn a conversation with H. E. Murman, MD (August 2005)…….Indicate type of communication (conversation, letter) and date.
Entire BookModlin J, Jenkins P. Decision Analysis in Planning for a Polio Outbreak in the United States. San Francisco, CA, USA: Pediatric Academic Societies; 2004.Include publisher location, publisher name and published year.
Book ChapterSolensky R. Drug allergy: desensitization and treatment of reactions to antibiotics and aspirin. In: Lockey P, ed. Allergens and Allergen Immunotherapy. 3rd ed. New York, NY, USA: Marcel Dekker; 2004: 585-606.Indicate “ed(s)” for editor(s) before book title and edition number after title.
Audiotape/Videotape/DVDMoyer B. On Our Own terms: Moyers on Dying [Videotape]. New York, NY, USA: Thirteen/WNET; 2000.Include type of media, publisher, and year.
Thesis/DissertationFenster FD. Cloning and Characterization of Piccolo, a Novel Component of the Presynaptic Cytoskeletal Matrix [dissertation]. Birmingham, England: University of Alabama; 2000.Specify type of dissertation/thesis and institution.
Package InsertCialis [package insert]. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Eli Lilly & Co.; 2003.Include product name and manufacturer.
Online Conference ProceedingsChu H, Rosenthal M. Search engines for the World Wide Web: A comparative study and evaluation methodology. Paper presented at: American Society for Information Science 1996 Annual Conference; October 19-24, 1996; Baltimore, MD, USA. Accessed February 6, 2004.Include title, conference details, URL, and access date.
Newspaper (Print)Wolfe W. State’s mail-order drug plan launched. Minneapolis Star Tribune. May 14, 2004: 1B.Include newspaper name, date, and page number.
Newspaper (Online)Weiss R. The promise of precision prescriptions. Washington Post. June 24, 2000: A1. Accessed October 24, 2011.Include URL and access date for online version.
WebsiteWorld Health Organization Media Center. Diabetes Fact Sheet. Web site. 2013; Accessed February 21, 2014.Include name/title of the website, URL and access date.
SoftwareEpi Info [computer program]. Version 3.2. Atlanta, GA, USA: Center for Disease Control and Prevention; 2004.Include the software name, version, location, company/institution.
Government or Agency BulletinsSame as a book referenceSame as a book reference
Government ReportsSame as the website referenceSame as the website reference
In reference listings, the names of the journals are to be abbreviated according to the US National Library of Medicine’s current Index Medicus.


This section outlines essential stylistic guidelines for authors contributing to our publication. Adhering to these guidelines ensures clarity, consistency, and professional presentation throughout your manuscript.


  • Clarity and Conciseness:¬†Strive for clear and concise sentences that effectively convey your message.¬†Avoid overly complex sentence structures and ambiguous wording.
  • Subject-Verb Agreement:¬†Ensure your subject and verb agree in number and tense.
  • Tense Consistency:¬†Choose a consistent tense for your work,¬†shifting only when necessary for clarity or emphasis.
  • Active Voice:¬†Generally,¬†prioritize the active voice over the passive voice for clearer and more engaging writing.


  • Commas:¬†Use commas judiciously to set off introductory phrases,¬†clauses,¬†and non-restrictive appositives.¬†Follow established guidelines for comma placement in dates,¬†titles,¬†and academic degrees.
  • Hyphens:¬†Hyphenate compound words as specified in guidelines,¬†such as noun-adverb combinations and compound adjectives before nouns.
  • Ellipses:¬†Use ellipses sparingly and correctly to indicate omitted material at the beginning or end of a passage.


  • Specificity:¬†Capitalize proper nouns and specific entities.¬†Use lowercase for general terms and concepts.
  • Titles:¬†Capitalize titles before names but not after.¬†Follow guidelines for capitalization in headers and titles,¬†including hyphenated words.

Numbers and Dates

  • Numerals vs. Words:¬†Primarily use numerals for numbers,¬†except for numbers at the beginning of a sentence,¬†titles,¬†common fractions,¬†or idiomatic expressions.
  • Date Format:¬†Express full dates as “August 21,¬†2001” within the text and references.
  • Number-Word Combinations:¬†Use numerals for large rounded numbers combined with words for clarity.
  • Fractions:¬†Write common fractions as words,¬†using hyphens only when they function as adjectives.

Abbreviations and Acronyms

Define all abbreviations and acronyms upon first use, and use them consistently thereafter.

Non-English Elements

Italicize non-English words and phrases, and provide translations upon first use if necessary. Use appropriate accent marks.

Medical Indexes

Follow the AMA Manual of Style guide for referencing medical indexes and terminology.


  • Drug Nomenclature:¬†Prioritize the use of generic names for drugs,¬†devices,¬†and other products,¬†reserving brand names solely for situations where the specific trade name holds direct relevance to your discussion.
  • Microorganism Identification: Adhere to taxonomic conventions:¬†kingdom,¬†family,¬†and genus levels appear in Roman type,¬†while individual species and subspecies names are italicized and begin with a capital letter.¬†Each taxonomic designation,¬†down to the genus level,¬†can be used independently.

Abbreviations & Acronyms:

  • Acronym Clarification:¬†Introduce each acronym with its full name within parentheses during its first appearance in the text.¬†Subsequently,¬†use only the acronym.¬†Opt for writing out uncommon or cumbersome acronyms throughout the manuscript unless they appear frequently.
  • Strategic Abbreviation Usage:¬†Avoid introducing acronyms in subheadings.¬†Instead,¬†spell out the term followed by the acronym in parentheses within the subsequent text.
  • Plural Acronyms: Write the plural form of an acronym without an apostrophe (e.g., Master of Business Administration programs, not MBA’s programs).
  • Location Abbreviations: Spell out state, territory, and possession names when used alone. When following a city name, use the abbreviation without periods (e.g., New York, NY). Only use state postal codes with ZIP codes followed by country.
  • Latin Abbreviations:¬†Limit the use of Latin abbreviations like etc.,¬†e.g.,¬†et al.,¬†and i.e.¬†to references and citations.
  • Date and Month Formats:¬†Generally,¬†write out months and avoid abbreviations.
  • Publication Title Abbreviations:¬†Follow the American National Standard for Information Sciences guidelines for abbreviating specific words in titles (e.g.,¬†Ct for Court,¬†Hwy for Highway).
  • State Abbreviations:¬†Spell out state names when used alone; abbreviate them when used with city names.


Openventio emphasizes the use of the International System of Units (SI) for reporting quantitative data within your manuscript. This standardized system promotes clarity and global understanding across diverse scientific disciplines. Here are some key principles to adhere to:

  • SI Unit Preference:¬†Prioritize expressing quantitative values using SI units.¬†Familiar examples include meters (m) for length,¬†kilograms (kg) for mass,¬†and seconds (s) for time.
  • Unit Case and Abbreviations: Generally,¬†write SI units in lowercase (e.g.,¬†kilogram).¬†However,¬†an exception exists for the degree Celsius (¬įC).¬†Abbreviations for units typically follow lowercase conventions,¬†with some exceptions noted in relevant style guides.
  • Exponent Usage:¬†For denoting area or volume,¬†favor exponents (e.g.,¬†m¬≤) over abbreviations like “cu” or “sq.” This enhances readability and consistency.
  • Pluralization:¬†Although SI units themselves are not pluralized,¬†their expressions remain unaltered for plural quantities.¬†For instance,¬†both singular and plural masses are expressed as “kilograms.”
  • Drug Dosage:¬†Traditionally,¬†express drug dosages in conventional metric mass units,¬†primarily milligrams (mg).


Study Design and Statistics

Openventio prioritizes the transparency and accuracy of statistical methodology and data analysis within your manuscript. To ensure robust research findings and effective communication, adhere to the following guidelines:

  1. Clear Description: Provide a comprehensive description of your study design, including sample size, participant characteristics, randomization procedures, and blinding protocols. Clearly outline the specific statistical methods employed for data analysis, justifying your choices and referencing relevant statistical tests.
  2. Data Presentation: Present your quantitative findings clearly and concisely. Utilize tables and figures effectively to summarize and illustrate key results, ensuring clarity and avoiding redundancy with the text. Employ descriptive statistics appropriately, and focus on presenting measures of central tendency and variability relevant to your research question.
  3. Statistical Significance: Report findings of statistical tests accurately, interpreting p values and confidence intervals with caution. Avoid overstating the significance of results or drawing unwarranted conclusions based solely on statistical significance.
  4. Power Analysis: Consider incorporating a power analysis into your research design and reporting its results within your manuscript. This demonstrates the ability to detect statistically significant effects with the chosen sample size, enhancing the credibility of your findings.

Mathematical Composition

Openventio encourages the use of mathematical equations and formulas to enhance the precision and clarity of your manuscript. For consistent and professional presentation, follow these guidelines:

  1. Equation Numbering:¬†Number all equations consecutively using Arabic numerals enclosed in parentheses,¬†placed to the right of the equation at the bottom line.¬†Refer to equations within the text using their corresponding numbers (e.g.,¬†“as shown in Equation 3”).
  2. Formatting: Clearly define all symbols and variables used in equations within the text or a dedicated symbol list. Ensure proper spacing and alignment within equations, using parentheses, brackets, and braces judiciously for clarity.
  3. Font and Style: Use a standard mathematical font for equations, distinct from the regular text font. Italicize variables and constants, and employ boldface for vectors and matrices when applicable.
  4. Software and Notation: Specify the software or program used to generate equations or mathematical symbols, if relevant. Adhere to established notation conventions within your field of study to maintain consistency and understanding.


Contribute your research to our esteemed publication. Submit your manuscript electronically through our secure online portal, or send it via email to

Tips for successful submission:

  • Choose the right journal for your research.
  • Carefully review the journal’s instructions for authors.
  • Seek feedback from colleagues or research advisors before submitting.
  • Respond promptly to any requests from the editor or reviewers.