Special Editions

submission deadline
May 31, 2023
Publication charges – please contact the editor
release deadline
June 30, 2023
Accepted papers will be published online immediately

Guest Editor

Tony W. Ng, PhD

Research Associate
Department of Microbiology & Immunology
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
1300 Morris Park Avenue
Forchheimer Building, Rm 416
Bronx, NY 10461, USA


Scope of the special edition

Toll-like Receptors (TLRs) based Vaccines by VROJ

Innate and adaptive immunities are the two arms of the vertebrate defense system against pathogen infections. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are one of the most important regulators of both innate and adaptive immune responses because they have the ability to detect pathogen-associated molecular patterns and danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs).

A detailed understanding of the inflammatory signaling pathways and molecular regulation of innate immunity can help in the design and development of new vaccines to treat and/or prevent a number of diseases. Identification of most human TLR native ligands has provided an excellent opportunity for the development of small molecule analogs of the natural ligands to be used as modulators with better pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties. Hence, small molecule TLR agonists are excellent vaccine adjuvants because they activate the innate immune response and lead to the induction of adaptive immune responses.

Dr. Tony W. Ng
Guest editor