Combined Orthodontic with Implant to Rehabilitate Vertical Dimension of Occlusion.
The control of Occlusal Vertical Dimension is a demanding task for dentists.
Establishment of proper occlusal vertical dimension in prosthetic treatment
is a important task for clinical procedure.
No methods are considered to be scientifically accurate in determining
the reduced OVD in patients with low occlusal vertical dimension.
Various factors need to be considered simultaneously during occlusal rehabilitation,
such as vertical dimension of occlusion, occlusal contact pattern, centric relation,
esthetics and phonetics.
Different philosophies have been documented for occlusal rehabilitation and the choice of treatment plan depends on the skills and experience of the dentist.
The actual basal bone height of the reconstructed maxillary and mandible
is relevant to achieve normal OVD for the prosthesis fabricated.
This paper described a case with vertical distance problem in which we combined
orthodontics with implantation to rehabilitate vertical dimension of occlusion.
Cephalometric analysis indicated a tendency for skeletal Class II malocclusion
with a slightly retruded mandible. The labio-lingual inclination of the maxillary
and mandibular incisors was almost normal.
Treatment goals is to reconstruct the occlusal relationship, overcoming
a series of symptoms caused by small occlusal vertical dimension and restoring
patients’ confidence in life.
It is essential to resolve the problems associated with the loss of vertical dimension.
How is it to increase the vertical dimension? Cephalometry is a standardized
method of assessing dental and facial proportions and their interrelation.
Restorative dentistry, orthodontia, and oral surgery are the three disciplines
that can help to gain the vertical dimension.
Dent Open J. 2015; 2(2): 62-65. doi: 10.17140/DOJ-2-112