Sero-Prevalence and Risk Factors for Infectious Bursal Disease in Local Chicken on Backyard Production System in Selected Districts of Ilubabor Zone, South Western Ethiopia.
Livestock production offers concerning forty-seven per cent of the agricultural gross domestic product and 18% of the national gross domestic product of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Chicken production is an important and essential part of most Ethiopian households in rural, urban, and peri-urban areas. Poultry will play a key role in managing financial crisis and
food security. Moreover, as chicken farming is often done by ladies and youngsters, this will play a key role in unit labor productivity and gender authorization. The intention is to lift the number of meat and eggs created annually by increasing the amount of poultry farms and introduction of improved breeds.
The backyard chicken production system that accounts for 96% of Ethiopia’s fifty million chicken populations. It is extremely poor, as scavenging chickens live along side individuals and different species of farm animals. In the backyard chicken production system, no way that of dominant movement and dropping of chickens, since chickens freely rove within the unit compound.
Around 40-60% of the chicks hatched die at the 1st eight weeks of life5,6 that predominantly because of disease and predation. Moreover, Alamargot recorded a death rate of 20-50% in indigenous chickens due to disease. Since village backyard chickens habitually exposed to overwhelming numbers of microorganisms, infectious bursal disease virus is one amongst
the diseases that cause chick mortality. However, there was no study on seroprevalence and associated risk factors of infectious bursal in native grounds chicken production during this zone.
Vet Med Open J. 2022; 7(2): 29-37. doi: 10.17140/VMOJ-7-165