Therapeutic Value of Garlic (Allium sativum): A Review

Haben Fesseha* and Eyob Goa

Therapeutic Value of Garlic (Allium sativum): A Review.

Garlic is a source of medicine in many ways in human beings in routine life as well as in animals and its leaves, flowers, and cloves have been used in traditional medicine for a long time. Research in recent decades has shown widespread pharmacological and therapeutic effects of A. sativum and its organosulfur compounds especially allicin. The most important chemical constituents of this plant are organosulfur compounds such as allicin, diallyl disulphide, S-allylcysteine, and diallyl trisulfide.

These chemicals were used for the treatment of inflammation, cancer, blood pressure, atherosclerosis, and hyperlipidemia as praised by several authors. Additionally, extracts of garlic have been used to treat various diseases and have shown anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anticoagulative and antioxidant effects. However, few adverse effects have been found with garlic are nausea and vomiting when high quantity consumed. To review the therapeutic values of garlic and its importance in human and veterinary practices. Garlic is safe and rich sources of biologically active compounds with low toxicity.

Traditional medicines occupy a valuable place amongst rural groups of developing countries for the provision of health care inside the absence of an efficient public health care scheme. The use of traditional treatments is common in sub-Saharan Africa, and visits to traditional healers remain a prime live of care for many people because of preference, affordability, limitation of practitioners and modern hospitals. Moreover, traditional medicines may be the supply of remedy for lots of health complications. The toxic effect of garlic indirectly plays an important role in the death of cancer cells. Another key role in the prevention of cancers is garlic’s effect on the immune system.

Adv Food Technol Nutr Sci Open J. 2019; 5(3): 107-117. doi: 10.17140/AFTNSOJ-5-162