The Review on the European and the United States Healthcare Systems.
The paper investigates the main ideas and solutions of healthcare systems in leading countries such as Switzerland, the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Austria, France based on the international ranking indexes such as the United Nations Human Development Index, Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI), Blumberg’s Global Health Index, World Health Organization (WHO), The Healthcare Access & Quality Index (HAQ), the European Health Consumer Index (EHCI). In conclusion, the health of society depends to a great extent on lifestyle and climate, where such countries as Spain and Italy have fewer sick people, and it results in a lower burden on healthcare. Unites States of America healthcare must compensate for lifestyle defects with intensive treatment and expensive medicines. This costs money and, what is worse, it doesn’t bring any noticeable progress. As evidenced by the dramas caused by the 2020 pandemic.
About 1000-years-ago, the average life expectancy of people was surprisingly short, lasted only 24-years. Since the Industrial Revolution (1820+), it increased to 36-years after the Second World War, in 1950th–reached 66-years, and in 1999 it covers 78-years for developed countries. Such a promising extension of people’s lives because it was up to three times thanks to the development of medicine, and thus people are living longer and longer. Knowledge, including medical, proved to be an excellent engine for the development of civilization. It is worth noting that the development gap between the leader, which is the United States and Africa, is currently 20 to 1.
Public Health Open J. 2020; 5(3): 58-67. doi: 10.17140/PHOJ-5-149