The Diagnostic Role of Neuromuscular Ultrasound in Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy
The immune-neuropathies are a heterogenous group of peripheral nerve disorders. Their diagnostic classification is mainly based on the documentation of the distribution pattern of peripheral nerve impairment and the results of nerve conduction studies.
Nerve conduction studies remain nowadays fundamental not only for the diagnosis
of Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP), but also for the followup and measurement of response to immune-treatment.
The challenge though of acquiring the best static and dynamic image of the relevant nerve structures,
led to the development of high frequency ultrasound technology. Neuromuscular ultrasound has been able to detect
thickened or swollen roots, peripheral nerves or plexus, findings that are consistent with ongoing inflammation, especially in cases of Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP).
Similar findings have been described also in other immune-mediated neuropathies such as Guillain–Barré Syndrome (GBS), Multifocal Motor Neuropathy (MMN) and Multifocal Acquired Demyelinating Sensory and Motor Neuropathy (MADSAM).
This review provides a timely update on the ultrasound findings of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy Vascular ultrasound has gained a key role in the diagnostics of vascular lesions of the
central nervous system. The recent development of high frequency ultrasonography (> 12MHz)
provided the neurologist with a valuable tool to study peripheral nerve structures in detail.
Neuro Open J. 2014; 1(1): 1-6. doi: 10.17140/NOJ-1-101