Study on Prevalence of Major Gastrointestinal Nematodes of Sheep in Wayu Tuka and Diga District, Oromia Regional State.
Small ruminants are the most numerous of man’s domesticated livestock and are especially important in more extreme climates of the world. Over two-thirds of the total populations of small
ruminant occur in developing countries where they often provide a major contribution to farming enterprises. Because of relatively low inputs needed such as startup capital, feedstuffs, and maintenance expenditures as compared to large ruminants.
Sheep and goats are under sober coercion of clinical and sub-clinical gastrointestinal helminths infestation in undeveloped countries, which reduces the productive and reproductive potential
of animals due to reducing voluntary feed intake and feed conversion efficiency of the animals, especially the ineffective use of absorbed nutrients leads to retarded growth. When comparing the
population size and importance of small ruminants, the country has little benefited from this enormous resource owning to a multitude of problems, the disease is the most important. Disease alone accounts for mortality of 30% in lambs and 20% in adults.
Globally, parasitic diseases of animals continue to be a major constraint for undeveloped countries. Parasitic diseases remain the main constraint to animal production systems all over agro-ecological zones throughout the world. It has well recognized that in resource-poor regions of the world, helminth infections of sheep and goats are major factors responsible for economic losses through the reduction in productivity and increased mortality of animals. They are responsible for suppressing the immune system of animals, enhancing the susceptibility of the animals to other diseases.
Vet Med Open J. 2021; 6(1): 13-21. doi: 10.17140/VMOJ-6-154