Stendhal Syndrome: A Psychological Response Among Tourists

Swarna Datta*

Stendhal Syndrome: A Psychological Response Among Tourists.

Stendhal Syndrome is a behavioral syndrome characterized by anxiety and affective
and thought disturbances in response to art and often to culturally or historically significant
places. The purpose of this review is to elucidate the clinical significance of SS and discuss
the various approaches implemented towards understanding the condition. Our objective is
directed towards promoting further research to understand the etiology of SS as a rare medical
condition and to define other potential perspectives in its investigation.

Beyond the obvious and intricate psychological responses to various socio-cultural and religious aspects of travel, there is a potential and need for investigating other physiological conditions culminating in SS. Besides art, history, culture and religion, syndromes are also triggered by the otherness of a destination. The Paris Syndrome is a notable but rarely discussed instance of such
cases. It was first reported in the French psychiatric journal, Nervure, in 2004, describing a frequently observed psychological anomaly in Japanese tourists on their visit to the City of Lights

The objective of this review was to highlight the clinical significance of behavioral conditions such as SS and other related syndromes possibly caused by similar psychosocial factors.
Our purpose has been directed towards presenting a review of existent research on SS and to outline the space for the multiparadigmatic examination of this behavioral phenomenon.

Prior studies primarily explored the principles of psychoanalysis and neurobiology; however, the focus of our study was to elucidate the importance of other potentially promising approaches such
as neuroaesthetics which can facilitate a better understanding of this rare psychological condition.

Psychol Cogn Sci Open J. 2017; 3(2): 66-73. doi: 10.17140/PCSOJ-3-125