Pulmonary Research and Respiratory Medicine

Open journal

ISSN 2377-1658

Pulmonary Aspergillosis Mimicking Primary Lung Cancer

Takeshi Saraya*, Takeshi Nosaka, Masachika Fujiwara, Hiroki Nunokawa, Kosuke Ohkuma, Naoki Tsujimoto, Shin Karita, Haruhiko Kondo and Hajime Takizawa

Takeshi Saraya, MD, PhD, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kyorin University School of Medicine 6-20-2 Shinkawa, Mitaka City, Tokyo, 181-8611, Japan, Tel. +81 (0)422 44 0671 Fax: +81 (0)422 44 0671, E-mail: sara@yd5.so-net.ne.jp

A 68-year-old man was transferred to our hospital because of abnormal lung nodule. He was a social drinker and a current smoker with a history of 70 pack-years. He had no symptoms and was a good nutritional status. Based on the pulmonary function tests, he was diagnosed with chronic obstructive lung disease stage II by Global Initiative on Obstructive Lung Disease staging system. Thoracic Computed Tomography (CT) showed the irregular-shaped nodule measuring 15 mm in size with spiculation at right S1 (Figure A), which accompanied by emphysematous lung changes. On thoracic FDG PET/CT, the nodule demonstrated the intense standardized uptake values both in the early (max 3.4) and delayed (max 4.2) phases, suggesting malignancy (Figure B). However, video-assisted thoracic surgery biopsied specimens on Hematoxylin and eosin stains showed that the nodule was consisted of central necrotic component surrounded by microabscesses and fibrotic granulomatous tissues (Figure C) in which contained filamentous fungi on Grocott’s methenamine silver stain (Figure D) with calcium oxalate crystal deposition, indicating of pulmonary aspergillosis. Pulmonary aspergillosismimicking cancer was an extremely rare event,12 but should be included in the differential diagnosis for solitary pulmonary nodule.


1. Rolston KV, Rodriguez S, Dholakia N, Whimbey E, Raad I. Pulmonary infections mimicking cancer: a retrospective, threeyear review. Support Care Cancer. 1997; 5: 90-93. doi: 10.1007/ BF01262563

2. Guimaraes MD, Marchiori E, de Souza Portes Meirelles G, et al. Fungal infection mimicking pulmonary malignancy: clinical and radiological characteristics. Lung. 2013; 191: 655-652. doi: 10.1007/s00408-013-9506-0



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Chest X-ray Showed a Hazy Left Upper Lung Infiltrate

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Ada Young*, Ramya Ramesh and Milind Awale


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Primary Skeletal Muscle Lymphoma: A Case Report and Literature Review

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