Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity Among Adolescents of Islamabad: A Cross Sectional Study

Hameed Mumtaz Durrani*, Salma Mumtaz Durrani, Ramesh Kumar and Anwar Ul Haq

Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity Among Adolescents of Islamabad: A Cross Sectional Study.

Adolescence is one of the fundamental processes of life, where transformation in composition
of the body along with behavioral and physiological take place making the adolescents one of the most vulnerable group of population in the community and it is extremely important to
take care of their nutritional as well as health status.

Adolescence is a phase of growth from childhood to adulthood characterized by structural body
changes with unique distribution of body fat quantity and location along with physiological changes. Adolescents constitute 1/6th of the world’s population and there are more than 1.2 billion adolescents globally forming 18% of world population while 88% of the adolescents live in developing countries. India is the leader in the group of adolescents globally while Pakistan
ranks 4th globally with an adolescent population of 41 million.

The most concerning point regarding adolescents is that the urban population of adolescents which was 50% in 2009 will rise to 70% in 2050 and the largest increase will be in developing countries, an alarming situation putting additional burden to accommodate the health and well-being of this huge chunk of population.

World Health Organization (WHO) has expressed concern about the prevailing trends of childhood obesity globally. The global prevalence of overweight and obesity has risen from 1980 to 2013 by 47.1% for children and adolescents. The prevalence is more demonstrating in developed countries rising from 16.9% to 23.8% in boys, while 16.2% to 22.6% in girls.
The knowledge about one’s ideal body weight also has a role and is major driving force for the weight management.

Pediatr Neonatal Nurs Open J
. 2016; 4(1): 8-11. doi: 10.17140/PNNOJ-4-123