Necrotizing Fasciitis: Fatal Evolution of Acral Melanoma

El Marfi Abdelhafid*, Samia Mrabat, Kaoutar Laamari, Mohammed El Idrissi, Abdelhalim El Ibrahimi, Abdelmajid El Mrini, Zakia Douhi, Sara Elloudi, Hanane Baybay and Mernissi F. Zahra

Corresponding Author

Abdelhafid El Marfi, MD

Department of Traumatology and Orthopedic Surgery, University Hospital Hassan II, Fes, Morocco; Tel. +212 678 33 98 79; Fax. 05 35 61 37 29; E-mail:


El Marfi Abdelhafid, MD1*; Samia Mrabat, MD2 ; Kaoutar Laamari, MD2 ; Mohammed El Idrissi, PhD1 ; Abdelhalim El Ibrahimi, PhD1 ; Abdelmajid El Mrini, PhD1 ; Zakia Douhi, MD2 ; Sara Elloudi, PhD2 ; Hanane Baybay, PhD2 ; Mernissi F. Zahra, PhD2

1Department of Traumatology and Orthopedic Surgery, University Hospital Hassan II, Fes, Morocco
2Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Hassan II, Fes, Morocco

Corresponding Author

Abdelhafid El Marfi, MD

Department of Traumatology and Orthopedic Surgery, University Hospital Hassan II, Fes, Morocco; Tel. +212 678 33 98 79; Fax. 05 35 61 37 29; E-mail:

Article History

Received: November 7th, 2019; Revised: December 21st, 2019; Accepted: January 18th, 2020; Published: January 28th, 2020

Cite this Article

El Marfi A, Mrabat S, Laamari K, et al. Necrotizing fasciitis: Fatal evolution of acral melanoma. Orthop Res Traumatol Open J. 2020; 5(1): 1-2. doi: 10.17140/ORTOJ-5-116


©2020 by El Marfi A. This is an open-access article distributed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0), which allows to copy, redistribute, remix, transform, and reproduce in any medium or format, even commercially, provided the original work is properly cited.



Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening soft tissue infection characterized by a rapidly spreading infection of the subcutaneous tissue and in particular the fascia. Early diagnosis and radical surgical debridement are required. Surgery is indicated if NF is clinically suspected and must not be delayed by diagnosis in order to reduce mortality. We report a case of NF following surgery of an acral melanoma.1,2

A 73-year-old patient, with a history of type 2 diabetes with a poor glycemic balance, was diagnosed with acral non metastatic pigmented melanoma of the fifth toe (Figure 1) and underwent surgery to excise the tumor. He was seen 10-days later with a painful and acute red leg along with signs of sepsis (fever, hypotension, tachycardia). Dermatological examination found an ill-limited oedematous erythematosus leg with large phlyctenes and necrotic areas extending from the back of the foot to the left leg (Figure 2). Palpation of the leg found crepitus and hypoesthetic zones. The member’s X-ray showed an infiltration of the soft parts of the leg with the presence of air bubbles (Figure 3). As the diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis was highly suspected, the patient underwent surgery (Figure 4) for an discharge aponevrotomy. He died hours later due to a septic shock.

Figure 1. Pigmented Tumor of the Fifth Toe


Figure 2. Oedematous Erythematosus Leg with Large Phlyctenes and Necrosis


Figure 3. X-ray of the Leg Showing Air Bubbles


Figure 4. An Intraoperative Picture of the Discharge Aponevrotomy



The authors have received written informed consent from the patient.


The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

1. Leiblein M, Marzi I, Sander AL, Barker JH, Ebert F, Frank J. Necrotizing fasciitis: Treatment concepts and clinical results. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2018; 44(2): 279-290. doi: 10.1007/s00068- 017-0792-8

2. Hakkarainen TW, Kopari NM, Pham TN, Evans HL. Necrotizing soft tissue infections: Review and current concepts in treatment, systems of care, and outcomes. Curr Probl Surg. 2014; 51(8): 344–362. doi: 10.1067/j.cpsurg.2014.06.001


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