Lower Extremity Measurements in the Prediction of Body Height of the Igbos.
The human body may be subject to fragmentations by both natural and manmade disasters. Such conditions have lead researcher to continue to estimate Body Height using available human body parts. The documented results are used by Scientist either in the identification exercise or for body height reconstruction.
Body height prediction is one of the biological profiles used in the identification of individuals in cases of natural and man made disasters, and in crime investigations. In the present study, an attempt was made to derive regression formula to determine Body Height from lower extremity dimensions. 123 females and 88 males belonging to the Igbo population of Nigeria who gave informed consent were studied. BH was measured using standard protocols and measurements of the lower extremity segments were taken using measuring tape cutaneously.
The multiple regression model generated using LLL, LL and TROCH put together provided the best/highest accuracy of determination in the overall population while LL and TL gave
that of the males.
Subjects were randomly selected from a pull of 211 persons15 and attention was paid on the measurements of some of the sub-segments of the lower extremity after obtaining informed consents. These values were higher in the males than in the females. This agrees with the popular phenomena that most anthropometric variables are significantly higher in the males than in the females.
The mean predicted value of BH through the regression function was similar to the mean observed value; however the minimum and maximum value indicated that there were differences in the predicted and observed value.
Anthropol Open J. 2016; 1(1): 15-22. doi: 10.17140/ANTPOJ-1-104