Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy for the Surgical Treatment of Obesity: Is It an Easy Procedure?
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is currently the most performed bariatric procedure in the world. The 4th International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders Global registry report estimates 87,015 procedures, equal to 45.9% of all bariatric procedures.
Initially performed as the first step of the duodenals witch, a very complex malabsorptive procedure invented by a Canadian Surgeon P. Marceau as an evolution of the BPD, invented by N. Scopinaro, an Italian surgeon, LSG established itself in the early 2000s as a stand alone procedure, especially following the observations of Michael Gagner, pioneer of bariatric surgery.
Over the years LSG has grown rapidly. The reasons for this popularity are the relative technical simplicity compared to other procedures, efficacy, good quality. For these reasons there has been a real explosion of bariatric surgery: many
surgeons, driven by the relative simplicity of the procedure, begun to propose this procedure.
So is LSG really an effective simple procedure that is good for all patients? Absolutely not. Performing a longitudinal
gastrectomy can be simple; performing a good LSG is not. The execution of an ideal LSG is essentially determined by three factors:
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is certainly an effective intervention, but not all obese
patients can be treated with this procedure. For about two years there have been more and more reports of increased incidence of Barrett’s esophagus in operated patients, and of de novo gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Surg Res Open J. 2020; 6(1): e1. doi: 10.17140/SROJ-6-e004