Knowledge about Feeding and Practicing Physical Activity as Protective Factors of Overweight and Obesity in Students of Official Schools in the Municipality of Sopó.
In 2013, the school population aged 5 to 11 years were found to be 27% overweight and obesity, a sharp increase of 9.2% over last year. In the 12 to 17 year old students, 19% were overweight, 1.3% increase compared with the previous year.
According to the results obtained with respect to physical activity AF, 10% performed AF between five and six days, 36%, one or two days, while 54% walked for three or four days a week, for
ten minutes during the last seven days prior to the application of the survey. Regarding knowledge about AF 70% consider that it is a driving quality that improves health and relates to physical
condition, 25% refers to exercises to improve breathing and 5% associates it with communicative skills. When asked about the components of physical activity, 76% considered that strength, endurance and speed are its components. 15% argued that as the stretching, exhaustion and fatigue, 9% agreed with frequency, intensity and time.
Regarding the socio-demographic component, there were no significant differences in relation to gender and location (53% female and 47% male). Most participants (60%) live in the urban
part of the municipality. The percentage of students in the institution between 9 and 10 years is 21%, while a student between 1 and 2 years corresponds to 24%, indicating that the curriculum did not have impact on all the students, in the same way. As for food, a significant percentage (60%) of students surveyed have the knowledge to identify healthy eating in terms of variety and balance; as a result, relating them to eating habits such as fruit and vegetables consumption (90%).