Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
in Uganda: A Mini Situational Review.
Although Uganda has been one of those countries affected by
the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency
syndrome epidemic, with an estimated 1.4 million people living with the virus as of 2020.
Uganda has now made significant progress in addressing the HIV epidemic, resulting in
a decline in HIV prevalence from 7.3% in 2011 to 5.9% in 2020.
This success is attributed to several innovative strategies to fight
the spread of HIV, including the elimination of transmission from
mother to child, efforts to enhance uptake of antiretroviral treatment,
which can halt the replication of HIV and ease symptoms, turning AIDS into
a chronic condition instead of a rapid terminal illness.
This mini review aims to provide an overview of the strategies that are currently
in place to enable the country realise a positive response to epidemic.
Among the strategies in place include those targeting prevention,
treatment and care as discussed in the following sections.
Another preventive strategy started in the early 1990s is the “abstinence,
being faithful, using condoms ABC approach, which stands for abstinence,
being faithful, and use condoms.
This approach focused on promoting sexual abstinence, faithfulness in
relationships, and condom use as ways to prevent the spread of HIV.
All the three letters stand for intertwined components of this strategy.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Acquired Immune Deficiency
Syndrome in Uganda: A Mini Situational Review.
HIV/AIDS Res Treat Open J. 2023; 9(1): 1-4. doi: 10.17140/HARTOJ-9-138