Hormone Replacement Therapy and its Risks and Benefits for Women

Ronald S. Laura*

Hormone Replacement Therapy and its Risks and Benefits for Women.

There is no doubt that as both women and men age, the decline in the hormones which in their earlier years kept them vigorous and youthful has impacted dramatically on their health.
Hormonal balance plays an integral role in maintaining the physiological integrity of the body and mind functions of both sexes. For example, hormone balance regulates a wide array of physiological and cognitive functions such as the metabolisation of proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, and body fats.
It is the efficacy of hormonal interactions that also govern the production of DNA and RNA, along with enzyme functionality. Research has shown that hormonal balance features prominently in the response to the body and mind to stress, blood sugar balance and the regulation of diabetes, kidney function, libido, menstruation and menopause, to name only a few facets of its capability.
Hormones also serve as catalysts which assist in the regulation of the synthesis of cellular proteins.

Given that hormones influence a wide range of bodily processes, it is evident that the decline in hormonal levels impedes the efficiency of the communicative receptor exchanges within the
endocrine system itself. This deficiency, in turn, compromises a number of integrated systems which interconnect with each other, thereby diminishing cardiovascular and immune functions, detoxification mechanisms, and gastrointestinal efficacy.

Evidence-based clinical research has established that various hormones decline significantly in many individuals, both men and women, as young as 25 years old. For example, with regard
to important factors requisite for good health, the diminution of growth hormone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and testosterone are reported to exhibit a 50% decline between the ages of 25 and 50 years old.

Women Health Open J. 2018; 4(1): e1-e3. doi: 10.17140/WHOJ-4-e017