Health-Based Occupational Exposure Limits in Pharmaceutical or Chemical Manufacturing

Vinay Kumar*

Health-Based Occupational Exposure Limits in Pharmaceutical or Chemical Manufacturing.

Unexpected exposure to pharmaceuticals or chemicals at the site of manufacture can cause
significant health hazards to the concerned personnel. Therefore, it is essential to protect the
workplace from serious adverse effects by limiting the exposure to such chemicals to acceptable levels. Qualitative methods such as ‘a fraction of therapeutic dose’ or occupational exposure banding (OEB) are in practice and may be useful during the early periods of development,
when insufficient toxicological and pharmacological data is available. However, this information is arbitrary and scientifically not defensible.

With the implementation of risk-based manufacturing practices (Risk-MaP), the pharmaceutical or chemical industries are adopting a quantitative health-based approach to set an occupational exposure limit (OEL). This scientific approach utilizes all aspects of pharmacology, in vitro and in vivo toxicology, clinical therapeutics, and adverse effects profile, which will be put to perspective by qualified toxicologists to arrive at a maximum safety exposure limit. Among all, the no observed effect level (NOEL) for the most critical effect is the best starting point to derive the OEL limit.

The health-based OEL utilizes all the available data related to toxicology and applies scientifically acceptable daily exposure (ADE). Processes involved in OEL derivation including hazard identification, dose-response assessment, uncertainty factors analysis, measures to minimize subjectivity and the need for documentation to improve.

Therefore, it is crucial to set or derive the OEL value for each pharmaceutical or chemical which does not pose a risk for the development of any health hazard to healthy workers in the pharmaceutical industry

Toxicol Forensic Med Open J. 2017; 2(1): 36. doi: 10.17140/TFMOJ-2-115