From Brain to Mind: A Plain Route from Neurobiology to Psychology.
In summary, we are able to successfully apply the Hodgkin-Huxley formalism to neuronal activity to describe the dynamics in terms of a deterministic theory and graded ionic currents; yet, we must admit that its success is due to a collective response of pores, synaptic boutons and receptors and not to any one of these elements taken singly.
A deterministic brain would stop in front of a choice, while a probabilistic-deterministic brain would swing from one solution to another, allowing its thoughts to consider a range of
possible situations until it finds a coherent answer to the initial stimuli.
The specific mechanisms operating to achieve human self-recognition have recently been elucidated. Very early on, in the uterus and then after birth by physical contact and social
communication, we develop the conviction that our body belongs to us and that it has distinctive psycho-physical characteristics which distinguish it from the rest of the world. However,
the Sense of ownership is only one of the constituents leading to self-recognition; concomitant with the sense of ownership we realize our self is always in motion. All the feed-back sensations associated with our movements generate a growing Sense of agency internally.
A conscious agent refers to SoA when he feels causally involved in an action. Moreover, by moving or trying to move our body in any direction, we not only explore the limits of our body but we also realize the limits of our own effective power. Mainly dependent on this prerequisite an individual can develop the critical distinction between selfgenerated actions and actions generated by others, from which, in turn, leads to the sense of responsibility, a key function for
Psychol Cogn Sci Open J. 2015; 1(1): 15-25. doi: 10.17140/PCSOJ-1-103