Exploring the Association between Demographic Factors and Breast Cancer Diagnosis at a Holistic Breast Imaging Clinic in Cairo, Egypt.
The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore the association between age, breast density,
and demographic factors of breast cancer patients, across a spectrum of radiological breast
diagnoses at a large Breast Imaging Clinic in Cairo, Egypt.
We explored the association between age, demographic factors, and Breast cancer incidence among 6,711 women undergoing
mammographic screening over a consecutive period of 6-years. Data was collected from
March 2007 until March 2013 and extracted from an electronic data base system.
A total of 6,711 participants were included in this study. The median age of all
patients was 46.1. Mean body mass index of 28.5, where 34% of the patients were overweight
and 32.4% were obese. Older women were more likely to be obese compared
to younger women.
Older females were more likely to have less dense breasts compared
to younger females. Women older than 40 had a higher confirmed number of breast cancer diagnoses
compared with the younger age group.
Women with breast cancer were more obese, had denser breasts, were post-menopausal, and
more likely to be Muslim. In the multivariate analysis,
aforementioned factors were significant predictors for confirmed diagnosis.
To our knowledge this is the largest study to examine the association of radiological breast assessments on
breast cancer incidence, obesity and demographic factors in Egypt.
Although data shows the global burden of breast cancer is shifting to the developing world
and affecting younger women at alarming rates, our data demonstrated a very low
occurrence of breast cancer in both age groups.
Radiol Open J. 2019; 4(1): 7-12. doi: 10.17140/ROJ-4-124