Evaluation of Cardio-Ankle Vascular Index and Influencing Factors in Natural Population of She Minority in China
Arterial stiffness has been considered as a surrogating indicator
of atherosclerosis progression and degree of vascular injury.
In addition, arterial stiffness is an independent risk factor and
predictor of cardiovascular disease.
There were many evaluation methods of arterial stiffness,
cardio-ankle vascular index was a new marker reflecting the whole arterial stiffness
from aortic to ankle and independently of immediate blood pressure during measurement.
Recent years, many studies about CAVI found that it was closely related
to vascular injuries in patients with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia,
and was regard as a useful tool for screening of vascular health in patients with metabolic syndrome.
Furthermore, the new vascular health classification also included CAVI
as an evaluation index of vascular health.
However, few study assessed CAVI in a minority population of China.
People of the minority lived in a natural mountain area without
known vascular related diseases and with little interference from modern society.
Therefore, the present study was to evaluate the vascular status using
CAVI and assess its influencing factors.
A total of 524 subjects from 6 natural minority
villages using a cluster sampling method were enrolled
into the present study, including male 227 and female 297 with 14-85 years old.
Subjects with ankle brachial index equal or below 0.9, serious liver and
kidney dysfunction, systematic inflammatory disease,
The mean level of blood pressure was high but the mean CAVI
and CIMT were at the normal level in the natural population of
She minority in China.
Furthermore, age, systolic blood pressure,
fasting plasma glucose, high sensitive C-reactive protein,
triglyceride and creatinine levels were independent factors of
CAVI in the minority in China
Intern Med Open J. 2016; 1(1): 6-10. doi: 10.17140/IMOJ-1-102