Elevated White Blood Cell Count is Associated with Higher Hemoglobin A1C in Diabetic Patients from Bangladesh

*Corresponding author: Shamima N. Anonna, Md. S. Hussain, Sayed S. Hossain and Mohammad S. Hossain*

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original research

Abstract

Background
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with altered white blood cell (WBC) and glycated hemoglobin dysfunction.
Aim
In this study, we were aimed to compare the status of hemoglobin, glycated hemoglobin and WBC level between diabetic and nondiabetic patient’s group.
Methods
This study was conducted in the medicine department of Women’s Medical College and Hospital, Sylhet, Bangladesh. The number of participants was 142. All the patients enrolled were informed verbally about the study and written consent was taken from each patient. Ethical permission was obtained from the institute. All of the tests were performed according to the procedure adopted in the hospital for routine uses. Among the participants, 71 (male 47, female 24) were diagnosed as type-2 diabetics (T2DM) and the other was non-diabetes (male 32 and female 39).
Results
During this study, diabetic patients showed increased hemoglobin (Hb) and WBC level in diabetic blood than non-diabetic one. It has been supported by the study that, HbA1c is remarkably greater than that of New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase 1 (NDM-1) patients. So, our assumptions could be concluded as; diabetes mellitus is an inflammatory condition itself, which may play role in increased HbA1c and WBC count.
Conclusion
Therefore, elevated WBC count is independently associated with worsening of glucose metabolism and HbA1c may ameliorate the chronic low-grade inflammation such as type-2 diabetics (T2DM).
Keywords
Diabetes; Blood parameters; White blood cell (WBC); Glycated hemoglobin; Hemoglobin.