Effects of Chocolate Malt Drink Consumption Combined with Aerobic Dance Exercise on Blood Bone Metabolism Markers, Antioxidant Enzymes and Aerobic Capacity in Young Females.
Chocolate malt powder (MILO®) contains cocoa, which is a good source of minerals including flavanoids, phosphorus and magnesium. Flavonoids are reported to influence bone mass density and protect against osteoporosis in older women. Phosphorus is important for bone formation, and impairment of serum phosphate can lead to impair bone mineralization and osteoblast function. Magnesium plays a role in bone growth and stabilization and involved in bone and mineral homeostasis. Several previous studies reported that magnesium intake has
positive correlation with bone mineral density and bone resorption markers in middle-aged women. Chocolate malt powder (MILO®) also contains milk. Milk consists of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals, which are important to prevent osteoporosis.
Regarding chocolate malt powder (MILO®) and antioxidant properties, the cocoa contained in chocolate malt powder has flavonoids, which are the polyphenolic compound that have antioxidant effects. Cocoa was also
reported can enhance antioxidant enzymes activities in the liver and heart tissues of the rat.
The present research group has carried out a few previous studies to investigate the effects of exercise alone and also
combined effects of exercise with nutritional supplementation on bone health. For instance, Ooi, et al.,12 found that bone mass and strength were significantly higher in jumping rats compared to controls. These findings imply that exercise can enhance bone mass and strength. Additionally, it was found by Ooi, et al.,13 that serum alkaline phosphatase (a bone formation marker) increased in jumping exercise group and serum 1CTP (a bone resorption
marker) decreased in jumping exercise group and authors concluded that jumping exercise could increase bone formation and decrease bone resorption.
Sport Exerc Med Open J. 2015; 1(3): 71-80. doi: 10.17140/SEMOJ-1-111