Comparison of Body Composition between Pre-Menarche and Post-Menarche Sabar Girls of Purulia District, West Bengal, India.
It was known that menarche plays a significant role to change body composition during adolescence. And there is a paucity of information on body composition in relation to pre- and post-menarcheal status on comparative manner among the tribal adolescence girls of West Bengal, India. To assess the body composition and compare the relative distribution of fat between the pre- and post-menarcheal girls and to explore the impact of body composition on menarcheal status among the Sabar tribal adolescence girls of the Purulia district, West Bengal, India.
The present cross-sectional study was conducted from three different blocks of Purulia district during June 2019 to December 2019. A total of 65 adolescence girls were randomly selected from the aged between 10 to 18-years. Among them, 34 girls were post-menarche stage and 31 girls were pre-menarche stage. Anthropometric measurements (height, weight, triceps and sub-scapular skinfolds) were measured.
According to census 2011, the tribal population was 8.6% of the total population of India. The Sabar is one of the primitive Mundari speaking tribe widely spread over hill regions of Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, and West Bengal.
In the present study it was found that the all body composition measurers and anthropometric characteristics were significantly different between pre- and post-menarche girls. Similar results reported by earlier studies. The body composition characteristics were significantly different between pre- and post-menarche-state. So, further study in larger augmentation is required to validate the present findings
In conclusion, body composition characteristics were significantly different between pre- and post-menarcheal status among the Sabars tribal girls. Present study found that BMI was highly correlated with PBF and FM.
Anthropol Open J. 2022; 5(1): 7-13. doi: 10.17140/ANTPOJ-5-124