Angular Craniofacial Photometric Analysis of the Facial Profile of Igalas in Nigeria

Ukoha Ukoha, Jervas Ekezie*, Okeke Chijioke Madueke and Anokwulu Ifeanyi Osmond

Angular Craniofacial Photometric Analysis of the Facial Profile of Igalas in Nigeria.

Craniofacial traits are major features in physical appearance, which is related to social acceptance,
psychological well-being and self-esteem of an individual.

Facial beauty analysis can be characterized as a combination of symmetry,
proportions and harmonious relationship among the structures.

Various methods have been used to evaluate facial characteristics such
as: Craniofacial anthropometry, Photogrammetry, Cephalometric radiography,
Stereo photogrammetry, Computer tomography and Laser scanning.

Fernandez-Riveiro and colleagues standardized the photographic technique
and record taking in natural head position and gave average values for white adults,
whereas Arnett and Bergman also took records in NHP and described
the facial profile using the angle of facial convexity.

According to Oghenemavwe and colleagues, facial angle assesses the forehead-to-jaw
certain human populations. The facial angle was one of the main initiators of racial craniology,
which emerged during the nineteenth century to justify racism.

Populations vary genetically and geographically in their craniofacial features.
Therefore, a single standard of anthropometric variables is not appropriate
to apply to diverse racial and ethnic groups Soft tissue profile standards
Spanish, Himachalis of India, Brazillian Caucasians, Croatians and Turkish.

Anibor et al., reported the photometric analysis of the facial angle of the Urhobos in Nigeria.
Facial angle of the Itsekiris in Nigeria using a computer-assisted photometric analysis
has been report of Igala males and females from standardized facial profile photographs
and to compare them with each other and with norms of different ethnic groups proposed by other researchers.

Anthropol Open J. 2017; SE(2): S1-S6. doi: 10.17140/ANTPOJ-SE-2-101