Allergic Contact Dermatitis by Beryllium Chloride as Unique Sensitivity: A Case Report

Ramon Grimalt*

Allergic Contact Dermatitis by Beryllium Chloride as Unique Sensitivity: A Case Report.

Beryllium is used in the aerospace industry, is present in electronic components, ceramic industry, tools, golf clubs, precision instruments, and even in missiles. Beryllium is often associated in copper or aluminum alloys, usually at 2%.

It can be found in silver alloy, in costume jewelry, and in
dental prosthesis. Beryllium has the ability to absorb heat thus it is
also used in molds for casting. The insert alloy containing beryllium allows better cooling of the molds.

In structural applications, the combination of high flexural rigidity,
thermal stability, thermal conductivity and low density
makes beryllium metal a desirable aerospace material for aircraft components,
missiles, space craft, and satellites.

Because of its low density and atomic mass, beryllium is
relatively transparent to X-rays and other forms of ionizing radiation; therefore, it is the most common window material for X-ray
equipment and components of particle detectors.

A 33-year-old female reported to our department for the study of
intolerance to earrings. In the family history, there is one brother
with bronchitis, rhinitis, and asthma episodes.

Beryllium is a health and safety issue for workers. Exposure to beryllium in the workplace can lead to a sensitization immune response and can over time develop chronic
beryllium disease.

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
in the United States researches these effects in collaboration with
a major manufacturer of beryllium products.

The goal of this research is to prevent sensitization and CBD by developing
a better understanding of the work processes and exposures that
may present a potential risk for workers and to develop effective
interventions that will reduce the risk for adverse health effects.

Dermatol Open J. 2019; 4(1): 20-22. doi: 10.17140/DRMTOJ-4-137