Adverse Consequences of Alcohol Consumption: A Preliminary Study

Neha Pahade, Rajesh Kumar Kori, Sarvendra Yadav and Rajesh Singh Yadav*

Adverse Consequences of Alcohol Consumption: A Preliminary Study.

Alcohol is a depressant drug which slows down the activity of the central nervous system (CNS) and cause health related problems associated with various positive and negative social experiences. It has both pharmacological and toxic effects on mind and other organs of the human body. In spite of the fact that alcohol is addictive and injurious to health, more than 2 billion chronic alcoholics prevail throughout the world and the number is alarmingly increasing with the addition of new drinkers including teenagers every year.

Addiction is a progressive and incurable disease, which affects physical, mental and spheres of human beings, characterized by inability to control their actions over the use of alcohol and other sedatives. The factors including psychological, genetic and behavior can all contribute to having this disease. There is no such effective remedy for this ever growing and frightening disease.

Studies have also revealed that more than half of all trauma patients are intoxicated with
ethanol at the time of admitted to the hospital. The harmful consequences of alcohol, including injury to physical health, psychological well-being and relationships cause an impact on all facets of society.

At the same time, moderate alcohol consumption has certain health benefits like beneficial influence on coronary heart disease, stroke and diabetes mellitus9 while excessive chronic drinking resulting in alcohol toxicity including mild to moderate tremors, irritability, anxiety and agitation. It acts as a teratogen and the consumption of heavy alcohol during pregnancy may lead to fetal alcoholic syndrome.

Toxicol Forensic Med Open J. 2016; 1(1): 24-31. doi: 10.17140/TFMOJ-1-105