A Simple Method for Breast De-epithelialization: The Monobloc Method

Musa Kemal Keles, Ugur Horoz* and Hakan Cepni

Corresponding Author

Ugur Horoz, MD

Plastic Surgery Clinic, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital, İrfan Bastug Street Number: 3.06330, Diskapi, Ankara, Turkey; Tel. 90-312-5962174; E-mail: ugur_horoz@hotmail.com


Musa Kemal KELES, MD1; Ugur Horoz, MD1*; Hakan Cepni, MD2

1Plastic Surgery Clinic, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Plastic Surgery, Numune Hospital, Konya, Turkey

Corresponding Author

Ugur Horoz, MD

Plastic Surgery Clinic, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital, İrfan Bastug Street Number: 3.06330, Diskapi, Ankara, Turkey; Tel. 90-312-5962174; E-mail: ugur_horoz@hotmail.com

Article History

Received: August 6th, 2016; Accepted: August 24th, 2016; Published: August 24th, 2016

Cite this Article

KELES MK, Horoz U, Cepni H. A simple method for breast de-epithelialization: The monobloc method [Video]. Trichol Cosmetol Open J. 2016; 1(1): 19-20. doi: 10.17140/TCOJ-1-104


© 2016 Horoz U. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The process of de-epithelialization in reduction mammoplasty surgery increases the operation time. In addition, longer operation times are more apt to cause fatigue for the surgeon. Furthermore, it is always preferable to use the time in the operating theater as effectively as possible. Although the gold standard when performing de-epithelialization is with the use of a scalpel, there are some initiatives to accelerate the speed of the operation and decrease the blood loss during the operation.1-5 While the use of novel products has the potential to speed up the operation, their use may be accompanied by unexpected complications.1,5

In our department, we use a ‘monobloc’ de-epithelialization method. After making skin incisions around the marked pedicle, the de-epithelialization starts from the submammarian fold and continues towards the nipple. The procedure can also be performed from the nipple to submammarian fold. The epidermal layer is removed as a whole. At the beginning of the process, 2 hemostats are clamped to apply traction. After enough of the epidermal layer is raised, it is perforated, and traction can easily be applied by hand. At the same time, the assistant applies pressure on the de-epitelized sides with an abdominal gauze pad so that blood loss can be decreased while the traction makes the de-epitelization process easier (Figure 1 and Video 1).

Figure 1: The de-epithelialization process starts from the mammarian fold and continues towards the nipple-areola complex.

A Simple Method for Breast De-epithelialization: The Monobloc Method

Video 1: The de-epithelialization technique.

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When compared with the previous methods, this method has several advantages including:

  • Ease of performance.
  • Accurate excision of the epidermal layer.
  • Decreased de-epithelialization time.
  • Decreased blood loss.

We conclude that this modified method allows the surgeon to use his/her instruments more quickly and effectively, resulting in a decrease in the operation time and blood loss and can be adapted to such operations required de-epitelization.


The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


The authors obtained written informed consent from the patient for submission of this manuscript for publication.

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2. Juma A, Miller JG, Laitung JK. Pedicle deepithelialization in breast reduction and mastopexy using the electric dermatome. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1995; 95(1): 216-217. Web site. http://journals.lww.com/plasreconsurg/Citation/1995/01000/Pedicle_ Deepithelialization_in_Breast_Reduction.66.aspx. Accessed August 5, 2016

3. Bellioni M, delli Santi G, Loreti A, La Pinta M. Shortening deepithelialization time in reduction mammaplasty: The braces technique. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006; 117(3): 1065-1066. doi: 10.1097/01.prs.0000197880.84095.e6

4. Khan HA, Oudit D. Deepithelialization of breasts with scissors. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005; 115(6): 1798-1799. doi: 10.1097/01.PRS.0000162120.18180.DC

5. Demirtaş Y, Yavuzer R. Bloodless pedicle deepithelialization in reduction mammaplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2003; 112(6): 1742-1743.


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