A Multicenter Investigation on Nutritional Risk and Nutrition Therapy in Chinese Teaching Hospitals with Nutritional Risk Screening 2002.
Nutritional screening and assessment could quantify a patient’s degree of malnutrition, and monitor the adequacy of nutritional supplements as well as identifying patients at risk
of malnutrition. Early detection of nutritional risk would allow for early intervention and better outcomes. One reason for not doing such screening might be lack of time since nutritional
screening is one of several time-consuming procedures in a busy hospital and may be easy to neglect. Studies showed that nutritional therapy based on nutritional screening results significantly
reduced length of hospital stay and morbidity rate.
In this study, we aim to compare nutritional status, the prevalence of nutritional risk, and nutritional therapy between patients in surgical wards and those in internal medicine wards.
We found that nutritional risk and inappropriate nutritional therapy were more common among patients in internal medicine wards than those in surgical wards.
In current study, we found that more non-nutritional risk patients and fewer nutritional risk patients in internal medicine wards underwent nutritional therapy compared to those in surgical wards. Both surgical wards and internal medicine wards had less than 60% patients in nutritional risks underwent nutritional therapy. These denote a lack of appropriate implementation of
nutrition therapy and adequate daily energy and protein intake for undernourished hospitalized patients.
In summary, the NRS-2002 was an optional screening tool for hospitalized patients. Nutritional risk and inappropriate nutrition therapy were more common among patients in internal
medicine wards than those in surgical wards. Different diseases may be the main reason for this difference besides patient’s age and performances.
Adv Food Technol Nutr Sci Open J. 2015; 1(1): 25-31. doi: 10.17140/AFTNSOJ-1-105