Yao Lu, MD, PhD

Department of Anesthesiology
Stanford University
Stanford, CA, USA



Dr. Lu is an Anesthesiologist who obtained MD/PhD degree at Anhui Medical University, in China. He is currently a Post-doctoral Research Fellow at Stanford University, USA

Research Interest

He has been studying mechanisms of anesthetic-induced cardioprotection and cell death in heart

Scientific Activities


•(2010) Excellent graduate of Anhui medical University
•(2009) Excellent scholarship of Anhui medical University
•(2011) 3rd IARS Research Prize at the Chinese Society of Anesthesiology Annual Meeting


1 Lu Yao, Hu J, Zhang Y, Dong CS, Wong GT. Remote intrathecal morphine preconditioning confers cardioprotection via spinal cord nitric oxide/cyclic guanosine monophosphate/protein kinase G pathway. J Surg Res. 2015; 193: 43-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2014.08.014
2 Lu Yao, Hu J, Dong C. Morphine may enhance the cardioprotection induced by remote ischemic perconditioning. Int J Cardio. 2015; 187: 443-444.
3 Lu Yao, Hu J, Zhang Y, Dong C. Spinal neuronal NOS activation mediates intrathecal fentanyl preconditioning induced remote cardioprotection in rats. Int Immunopharmacol. 2014; 19: 127-131. doi:10.1016/j.intimp.2014.01.013
4 Lu Yao, Dong C, Yu J, Li L. Role of central and peripheral opioid receptors in the cardioprotection of intravenous morphine preconditioning. Ir J Med Sci. 2011; 180: 881-885. doi:10.1007/s11845-011-0734-0
5 Lu Yao, Dong CS, Yu JM, Li H. Morphine reduces the threshold of remote ischemic preconditioning against myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury in rats: The role of opioid receptors. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2012; 26: 403-406. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2011.07.036
6 Lu Yao, Zhang Y, Dong CS, Yu JM, Wong GTC. Preoperative dexmedetomidine prevents tourniquet-induced hypertension in orthopedic operation during general anesthesia. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2013; 29: 271-274. doi:10.1016/j.kjms.2012.09.006
7 Lu Yao, Yu J, Dong C. Prevention of propofol injection pain by dexmedetomidine; comparison with lidocaine. Br J Anaesth. 2013; 110: 155-156.
8 Lu Yao, Wong GT, Xia Z, Irwin MG. Interaction between spinal opioid and adenosine receptors in the remote cardiac preconditioning effect of intrathecal morphine. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2011; 25: 444-448. doi:10.1053/j.jvca.2010.05.012
9 Lu Yao, Zhang Y, Wong GT, Dong CS, Yu JM. Prevention of injection pain due to propofol by dezocine: A comparison with lidocaine. Indian J Pharm. 2013; 45: 619-621. doi:10.4103/0253-7613.121376
10 Lu Yao, Wong GTC, Zhang Y, Hu J, Dong C. Remote intrathecal morphine preconditioning is ineffective in the presence of neuraxial blockade with lidocaine. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2014; 30: 68-72. doi:10.1016/j.kjms.2013.10.007
11 Wong GTC, Lu Yao, Mei B, Xia Z, Irwin MG. Cardioprotection from remote preconditioning involves spinal opioid receptor activation. Life Sci. 2012; 91: 860-865. doi:10.1016/j.lfs.2012.08.037
12 Wong GTC, Lu Yao, Xia Z, Irwin MG. Intrathecal morphine remotely preconditions the heart via a neural pathway. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2012; 60: 172-178. doi: 10.1097/FJC.0b013e31825e2195.
13 Yu J, Lu Yao, Dong C, Zhu H, Xu R. Premedication with intravenous dexmedetomidine-midazolam suppresses fentanyl-induced cough. Ir J Med Sci. 2012; 181: 517-520. doi:10.1007/s11845-012-0807-8
14 Zhang Y, Irwin MG, Lu Yao, et al. Intracerebroventricular administration of morphine confers remote cardioprotection- Role of opioid receptors and calmodulin. Eur J Pharmacol. 2011; 656: 74-80. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2011.01.027
15 Ling-ling J, Wong GT, Lu Yao, Xia Z, Irwin MG. Remote cardiac postconditioning by intrathecal morphine. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2010; 54: 1097-1104. doi:10.1111/j.1399-6576.2010.02295.x
16 Cheng X, Zhang Y, Lu X, Lu Yao, Chen Z. The involvement of central beta-endorphin in the cardioprotective effects of remote preconditioning mediated by the intracerebroventricular administration of morphine. Ir J Med Sci. 2015. doi:10.1007/s11845-015-1308-3
17 Yu J, Zhang Y, Lu Yao, Dong C. Preemptive dexmedetomidine to prevent propofol injection pain in children. Ir J Med Sci. 2015; 184: 375-378. doi: 10.1007/s11845-014-1122-3
18 Yu JM, Lu Yao, Dong CS, Zhu HJ, Xu RH. Effect of intravenous dexmedetomidine -midazolam on fentanyl-induced cough. Ir J Med Sci. 2014; 183: 513.
19 Hu X, Lu Yao, Zhang Y, Li Y, Jiang L. Remote ischemic preconditioning improves spatial learning and memory ability after focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in rats. Perfusion. 2013; 28: 546-551. doi: 10.1177/0267659113487766