Stephen J. Mills, PhD, MPH

Department of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Asia-Pacific Regional Office
FHI 360, Bangkok, Thailand


Dr. Mills, PhD, MPH, currently serves as FHI 360s Asia-Pacific Regional Technical Director, Health, Population, and Nutrition and has been in this post for the past 3 years. Prior to this, he served as FHI 360s Country Director for Vietnam for 8 years where he led a diverse portfolio in HIV prevention, care, and treatment; capacity building in methadone treatment for people who inject drugs; clinical trials in malaria and avian influenza; and tobacco control. Prior to this assignment, he was back in FHI 360s regional office in Bangkok where he focused on surveillance and the evaluation of primarily HIV prevention, care, and treatment programs. Mills has served as a consultant to the World Bank, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and the Gates Foundation and is an author or co-author of over 20 peer-reviewed publications. He is also a member of the Global Funds Technical Review Panel and is an Adjunct Assistant Professor in the School of Public Health, University of North Carolina.

Research Interest

His research interest includes: HIV, STI, non-communicable diseases, and health systems strengthening.

Scientific Activities


1. Avery M, Meng G, Mills S. Two internet-based approaches for promoting HIV counseling and testing among MSM in China. Digital Culture and Education. 2014; 6.
2. Tran BX, Ohinmaa A, Duong AT, et al. The cost-effectiveness and budget impact of Vietnams methadone maintenance treatment programme in HIV prevention and treatment among injection drug users. Global Public Health. 2012; 7(10): 1080-1094. doi: 10.1080/17441692.2012.736259
3. Tran BX, Chinmaa A, Duong AT, et al. Changes in drug use are associated with health-related quality of life improvements among methadone maintenance patients with HIV/AIDS. Qual Life Res. 2012; 21 (4): 613-23.doi: 10.1007/s11136-011-9963-y
4. Huong T, Ali R, Baldwin S, Mills S. Drug Policy in Vietnam: a decade of change. International Journal of Drug Policy. 2012. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2011.11.005
5. Tran BX, Ohinmaa A, Duong AT, et al. Cost – effectiveness of methadone maintenance treatment for HIV-positive drug users in Vietnam. AIDS Care. 2011. .doi: 10.1080/09540121.2011.608420
6. Prybylski D, Acharya L, Tuladhar S, et al. Using surveillance data to evaluate a large-scale HIV highway intervention targeting female sex workers in the Terai region of Nepal. J of HIV/AIDS Surveillance and Epidemiology. 2011; 3 (1): 1.
7. Charasekaran P, Dallabetta G, Loo V, et al. Evaluation Design for Measuring the Impact of the First Phase of a Large Scale HIV Prevention Effort in India: Avahan, the India AIDS Initiative. AIDS 2008; 22(Suppl 5): S1-1S5.
8. Mills S. The political economy of mens HIV risk in Vietnam and intervention choices. Amer J of Public Health. 2008; 98(10): 1734-1735. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2008.143479
9. Nguyen NT, Nguyen HT, Trinh HQ, Mills SJ, Detels R. Clients of Female Sex Workers as a Bridging Population in Vietnam. AIDS and Behavior. 2008. doi: 10.1007/s10461-008-9463-4
10. Mills S, Saidel T, Magnani R, Brown T. Surveillance and modelling of HIV, STI, and risk behaviours in concentrated HIV epidemics. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2004; 80 Suppl 2: ii57-62.
11. Girault P, Saidel T, Song N, et al. HIV, STIs, and sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. AIDS Educ Prev. 2004; 16(1): 31-44.
12. Mills S. The serostatus approach to HIV prevention and care: cautions and caveats. American Journal of Public Health. 2002; 92(3).doi: 10.2105/AJPH.92.3.331-a
13. Mills S. Back to behavior: prevention priorities in countries with low HIV prevalence. AIDS. 2000; 14(suppl 3): S267-S273.
14. Gorbach PM, Sopheab H, Phalla T, et al.Sexual Bridging by Cambodian Men: Potential Importance for General Population Spread of STD/HIV Epidemics. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 2000; 27(6): 320-326.
15. Mills S, Saidel T, Bennett A, et al. HIV risk behavioral surveillance: a methodology for monitoring behavioral trends. AIDS. 1998; 12(suppl 2):S37-S46.
16. Tuladhar S, Mills S, Acharya S, et al. The role of pharmacists in HIV/STD prevention: evaluation of a STD syndromic management intervention in Nepal. AIDS. 1998 (suppl 2):S81-S87.
17. Mills S, Ungchusak K, Srinivasan V, et al. Assessing HIV risk behavioral trends in Asia. AIDS. 1998, 12 (suppl B):S79-S86.
18. Chin J, Bennett A, Mills S. Primary determinants of HIV prevalence in Asian-Pacific countries. AIDS. 1998, 12 (suppl B):S87-S91.
19. Phalla T, Bun Lenh H, Mills S, et al. HIV/STD epidemiology, risk behaviors, and prevention and care response in Cambodia. AIDS. 1998 (suppl B):S11-S18.
20. Mills S, Benjarattanaporn P, Bennett A, et al. HIV risk behavioral surveillance in Bangkok, Thailand: sexual behavioral trends in eight population groups. AIDS. 1997, 11 (suppl 1):S43-S51.
21. Benjarattanaporn P, Lindan C, Mills S, et al. Men with sexually transmitted diseases in Bangkok: where do they go for treatment and why?. AIDS. 1997; 11 (suppl 1): S87-S95.
22. Anderson J, Cheney R, Clatts M, et al. HIV risk behavior, street outreach, and condom use in eight high-risk populations. AIDS Education and Prevention. 8 (3), 191-204, 1996.
23. DiClementi R, Boyer C, Mills S. Prevention of AIDS among adolescents: Strategies for the development of comprehensive risk-reduction health education programs. Health Education Research. 1987; 2(3).