Paul F. White, PhD, MD, FANZCA

Director of Research
Department of Anesthesiology
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
8700 Beverly Blvd, Room 8211
Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA


Dr. White is a Graduated from an Honors program in Biochemistry at the University of California, Berkeley with Distinction in 1970. He subsequently earned his PhD (Pharmacology) and MD degrees from the University of California, San Francisco. Dr. White obtained Post Graduate training in both Internal Medicine and Anesthesiology at UC San Francisco, and has board certification in both medical specialties. Dr. White has edited 15 books and monographs, including major textbooks on the subspecialties of ambulatory anesthesia and intravenous anesthesia. Dr. White has also contributed more than 100 chapters to textbooks (and monographs) edited by colleagues from around the world. In addition to publishing over 450 peer-reviewed articles, Dr. White has written 20 editorials and published over 1,000 scientific abstracts. Two of his peer-reviewed publications were listed among the Top 10 most cited articles in Anesthesiology (and he has the second most citations by any individual author in the specialty). Dr. White has trained more than 75 postgraduate clinical research fellows during his academic career. He has given over 750 domestic and 500 international lectures. In addition, Dr. White has performed over 150 Visiting Professorships in the United States and abroad. Dr. White is acknowledged by his colleagues as an international leader in the fields of ambulatory anesthesia and acute pain management, and has been recognized in the Best Doctors in America and Whos Who in North America. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Award by the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia (SAMBA), and the Dannemiller Memorial Foundations award for Educational Excellence in Anesthesiology. Dr. White was also a founding member and Past President of SAMBA, as well as the society for Intravenous Anesthesia (SIVA) and the International Society for Anesthetic Pharmacology (ISAP). Finally, Dr. White is the President and CEO of a private non-for-profit foundation, the White Mountain Institute in The Sea Ranch, CA which supports the arts and medicine.

Research Interest

His research interest includes: Acute pain management, Ambulatory anesthesia and surgery, Intravenous anesthesia and sedation techniques.

Scientific Activities


•(1966) California Scholastic Federation, Life Member
•(1967) Tower and Flame Honor Society, UC Berkeley
•(1970) Phi Beta Kappa Society, UC Berkeley (1970)
•(1976) Deans Prize, National Student Research Forum, UC San Francisco
•(1976) Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society, UC San Francisco
•(1979) New Investigators Prize, 33rd Postgraduate Assembly in Anesthesiology, NY
•(1984) IARS Research Award, International Anesthesia Research Society
•(1990) Critikon Lecturer, Association of Anesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland
•(1991) Fellow, Faculty of Anaesthetists, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons
•(1991) Mendelson Lecturer, University of Toronto
•(1992) Fellow, Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists
•(1994) Best Doctors in America
•(1995) Whos Who in North America
•(1999) Benjamin Howard Robbins Memorial Lecture, Tennessee Society of Anesthesiologists
•(2000) C. Paul Boyan Lecture, Nurse Anesthesiology Faculty Associates, Richmond, VA (2000)
•(2001) SAMBA Distinguished Service Award (2001)
•(2002) Annual Francis Joe Dannemiller Memorial Award Lectureship
•(2002-2003) Whos Who in Medicine and Healthcare, Fourth Edition
•(2002-2004) Mary Hanna Memorial Journalism Award
•(2011) Nicoll Lectureship, International Association for Ambulatory Surgery
•(2013) Frontier Lectureship, Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia
•(2014) 3rd Annual Eger Lecture, Western Anesthesia Residents Conference (WARC), Los Angeles


1. White PF, Johnston RR, Eger EI. Determination of anesthetic requirement in rats. Anesthesiology. 1974; 40: 52-57.
2. Vitez TS, White PF, Eger EI. Effects of hypothermia on halothane MAC and isoflurane MAC in the rat. Anesthesiology 1974; 41: 80-81.
3. Johnston RR, Eger EI, Stevens WC, White PF. Fluroxene toxicity in dogs: possible mechanisms. Anesth Analg 1974; 53: 998-1003.
4. White PF, Johnston RR, Pudwill CR. Interaction of ketamine and halothane in rats. Anesthesiology. 1975; 42: 179-186.
5. Johnston RR, White PF, Way WL, Miller RD: The effect of levodopa on halothane anesthetic requirements. Anesth Analg. 1975; 54: 178-181.
6. Johnston RR, White PF, Eger EI. Comparative effects of dextroamphetamine and reserpine on halothane and cyclopropane anesthetic requirements. Anesth Analg. 1975; 54: 655-659.
7. Marietta MP, White PF, Pudwill CR, Way WL, Trevor AJ. Biodisposition of ketamine in the rat: self induction of metabolism. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1976; 196: 536-544.
8. White PF, Marietta MP, Pudwill CR, Way WL, Trevor AJ. Effects of halothane anesthesia on the biodisposition of ketamine in rats. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1976; 196: 545-555.
9. Roizen MF, White PF, Eger EI, Brownstein M. Effects of ablation of serotonin or norepinephrine brain-stem areas on halothane and cyclopropane MAC in rats. Anesthesiology 1978; 49: 252-255.
10. White PF, Ham J, Way WL, Trevor AJ. Pharmacology of ketamine isomers in surgical patients. Anesthesiology 1980; 52: 231-239.
11. White PF, Miller D.Corneal edema. Int Ophthalmol Clin. 1981; 21: 3-12.
12. White LD, White PF. Midtrimester abortion patients perioperative management. AORN J. 1981; 34: 756-768.
13. White PF, Way WL, Trevor AJ. Ketamine its pharmacology and therapeutic uses. Anesthesiology. 1982; 56: 119 136.
14. White PF, Schlobohm RM, Pitts LH, Lindauer JM: A randomized study of drugs for preventing increases in intracranial pressure during endotracheal suctioning. Anesthesiology. 1982; 57: 242 244.
15. White PF. Comparative evaluation of intravenous agents for rapid sequence induction thiopental, ketamine, and midazolam. Anesthesiology . 1982; 57: 279-284.
16. White PF, Coe V, Dworsky WA, Margolis A. Disseminated intravascular coagulation following midtrimester abortions. Anesthesiology. 1983; 58: 99-101.
17. Shafer A, White PF, Schüttler J, Rosenthal MH. Use of a fentanyl infusion in the intensive care unit: tolerance to its anesthetic effects? Anesthesiology. 1983; 59: 245-248.
18. White PF. Use of continuous infusion versus intermittent bolus administration of fentanyl or ketamine during outpatient anesthesia. Anesthesiology. 1983; 59: 294-300.
19. White PF, Dworsky WA, Horai Y, Trevor AJ. Comparison of continuous infusion fentanyl or ketamine versus thiopental determining the mean effective serum concentrations for outpatient surgery. Anesthesiology. 1983; 59: 564-569.
20. White PF. Use of a thiopental lidocaine combination for elective cardioversion. Anesthesiology. 1984; 60: 511-512.
21. Wagner RL, White PF, Kan PB, Rosenthal MH, Feldman D. Inhibition of adrenal steroidogenesis by the anesthetic etomidate. N Engl J Med. 1984; 310: 1415-1421.
22. Schüttler J, White PF. Optimization of the radioimmunoassays for measuring fentanyl and alfentanil in human serum. Anesthesiology. 1984; 61: 315-320.
23. Spiss CK, Coraim F, Haider W, White PF. Haemodynamic effects of fentanyl or alfentanil as adjuvants to etomidate for induction of anesthesia in cardiac patients. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1984; 28: 554-556.
24. Wagner RL, White PF.Etomidate inhibits adrenocortical function in surgical patients. Anesthesiology 1984; 61: 647-651.
25. White PF, Schuttler J, Shafer A, Stanski DR, Horai Y, Treavor AJ.Comparative pharmacology of the ketamine isomers. Studies in volunteers. Br J Anaesth. 1985; 57: 197-203.
26. White PF. The role of midazolam in outpatient anesthesia. Anesth Rev. 1985; 12: 55-60.
27. Horai Y, White PF, Trevor AJ. The effect of etomidate on rabbit liver microsomal drug metabolism in vitro. Drug Metab Dispos. 1985; 13: 364-367.
28. White PF. Use of ketamine for sedation and analgesia during the injection of local anesthetics. Ann Plast Surg. 1985; 15: 53-56. doi:10.1097/00000539-200111000-00023
29. White PF. Patient controlled analgesia-A new approach to the management of postoperative pain. Sem Anesth. 1985; 4: 255-266.
30. White PF, Coe V, Shafer A, Sung ML.Comparison of alfentanil with fentanyl for outpatient surgery. Anesthesiology. 1986; 64: 99-106.
31. Shapiro J, Westphal LM, White PF, Sladen RN, Rosenthal MH. Midazolam infusion for sedation in the intensive care unit: effect on adrenal function. Anesthesiology. 1986; 64: 394-398.
32. White PF. Postoperative pain management with patient controlled analgesia. Sem Anesth. 1986; 5: 116-122.
33. White PF. Pharmacologic and clinical aspects of preoperative medication. Anesth Analg. 1986; 65: 963-974.
34. White PF. Central nervous system effects of the benzodiazepines. Anesth Rev. 1986; 13: 13-21.
35. Shafer A, Sung ML, White PF. Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of alfentanil infusions during general anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 1986; 65: 1021-1028.
36. Doze VA, Westphal LM, White PF. Comparison of propofol with methohexital for outpatient anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 1986; 65: 1189-1195.
37. White PF. Mishaps with patient controlled analgesia (PCA). Anesthesiology. 1987; 66: 81 -83.
38. Levi V, Scott JC, White PF, Sadee W. Improved radioreceptor assay of opiate narcotics in human serum: Application to fentanyl and morphine metabolism. Pharm Res. 1987; 4: 46-49.
39. Doze VA, White PF. Effects of fluid therapy on serum glucose levels in fasted outpatients. Anesthesiology. 1987; 66: 223-226.
40. Schüttler J, Stanski DR, White PF, et al. Pharmacodynamic modeling of the EEG effects of ketamine and its enantiomers in man. J Pharmacokinet Biopharm. 1987; 15: 241-253.
41. Westphal LM, Cheng EY, White PF, Sladen RN, Rosenthal MH, Sung ML. Use of midazolam infusion for sedation following cardiac surgery. Anesthesiology. 1987; 67: 257-262. doi:
42. White PF, Shafer A. Nausea and vomiting: Causes and prophylaxis. Sem Anesth. 1987; 6: 300-308.
43. Cohen SE, Tan S, White PF. Sufentanil analgesia following cesarean section: epidural versus intravenous administration. Anesthesiology. 1988; 68: 129-134.
44. White PF. Clinical pharmacology of intravenous induction drugs. Int Anaesthesiol Clin. 1988; 26: 98-104.
45. White PF. Anesthetic techniques for the elderly outpatient. Int Anaesthesiol Clin. 1988; 26: 105-111. doi: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000135
46. White PF. Use of patient controlled analgesia for management of acute pain. JAMA. 1988; 259: 243-247.
47. Shapiro JD, el Ganzouri A, White PF, Ivankovich AD. Midazolam sufentanil anaesthesia for phaeochromocytoma resection. Can J Anaesth. 1988; 35: 190-194.
48. White PF, Vasconez LO, Mathes S, Way WL, Wender LA. Comparison of midazolam and diazepam for sedation during plastic surgery. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1988; 81: 703-712.
49. White PF. Propofol Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Sem Anesth. 1988; 7: 4-20.
50. White PF. Anaesthesia for day case surgery Overview. Curr Opin Anaesth. 1988; 1: 45-47.
51. White PF. Pain management after day case surgery. Curr Opin Anaesth. 1988; 1: 70-75.
52. Chang T, Dworsky WA, White PF. Continuous electromyography for monitoring depth of anesthesia. Anesth Analg.1988; 67: 521-525.
53. White PF. Ketamine Update Its clinical uses in anesthesia. Sem Anesth. 1988; 7: 113-126.
54. Atiba JO, Horai Y, White PF, Trevor AJ, Blaschke TF, Sung ML. Effect of etomidate on hepatic drug metabolism in humans. Anesthesiology. 1988; 68: 920-924.
55. Doze VA, Shafer A, White PF. Propofol-nitrous versus thiopental isoflurane-nitrous oxide for general anesthesia. Anesthesiology. 1988; 69: 63-71 .
56. Urquhart ML, Klapp K, White PF. Patient controlled analgesia: a comparison of intravenous versus subcutaneous hydromorphone. Anesthesiology. 1988; 69: 428-432.
57. Shafer A, Doze VA, Shafer SL, White PF. Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of propofol infusions during general anesthesia. Anesthesiology. 1988; 69: 34-356.
58. White PF. Current and future trends in acute pain management. Clin J Pain. 1989; 5: S51 S58.
59. Lehmann KA, Tamsen A, White PF. Workshop Analgetika pumpen On demand analgesie. Der Schmerz . 1988; 2: 104. doi: 10.1007/BF02528687
60. White PF. Pain management after outpatient surgery. Der Schmerz. 1988; 2: 112.
61. White PF. Clinical uses of intravenous anesthetic and analgesic infusions. Anesth Analg . 1989; 68: 161 171.
62. White PF, Boyle WA. Relationship between hemodynamic and electroencephalographic changes during general anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 1989; 68: 177-181.
63. Urquhart ML, White PF. Comparison of sedative infusions during regional anesthesia – methohexital, etomidate, and midazolam. Anesth Analg . 1989; 68: 249-254.
64. Mora CT, Torjman M, White PF. Effects of diazepam and flumazenil on sedation and hypoxic ventilatory response. Anesth Analg . 1989; 68: 473 478.
65. White PF, Shafer A, Boyle WA, Doze VA, Duncan S. Benzodiazepine antagonism does not provoke a stress response. Anesthesiology . 1989; 70: 636-639.
66. Marlowe S, Engstrom R, White PF. Epidural patient-controlled analgesia (PCA): an alternative to continuous epidural infusions. Pain . 1989; 37: 97-101. doi:10.1016/0304-3959(89)90158-9
67. Shafer A, White PF, Urquhart ML, Doze VA. Outpatient premedication: use of midazolam and opioid analgesics. Anesthesiology . 1989; 71: 495-501.
68. Watcha MF, White PF. Failure of lower esophageal contractility to predict patient movement in children anesthetized with halothane and nitrous oxide. Anesthesiology. 1989; 71: 664-668.
69. Modica PA, Tempelhoff R, White PF. Pro and anticonvulsant effects of anesthetics (Part I). Anesth Analg. 1990; 70: 303-315.
70. Modica PA, Tempelhoff R, White PF. Pro and anticonvulsant effects of anesthetics (Part II). Anesth Analg. 1990; 70: 433-444.
71. White PF. Newer anesthetic drugs and techniques for outpatient anesthesia. Anesth Rev. 1990; 17: 53-63.
72. Shafer A, Doze VA, White PF. Pharmacokinetic variability of midazolam infusions in critically ill patients. Crit Care Med . 1990; 18: 1039-1041.
73. Feld LH, Negus JB, White PF. Oral midazolam preanesthetic medication in pediatric outpatients. Anesthesiology. 1990; 73: 831-834.
74. White PF. Subcutaneous PCA: an alternative to IV PCA for postoperative pain management. Clin J Pain. 1990; 6: 297-300 .
75. Shafer A, White PF. New agents and techniques for outpatient anesthesia. Anesthesiol Report. 1990; 3: 82-96.
76. Stern RC, Towler SC, White PF, Evers AS. Elimination kinetics of sevoflurane and halothane from blood, brain, and adipose tissues in the rat. Anesth Analg. 1990; 71: 658-664.
77. White PF, Negus JB. Sedative infusions during local or regional anesthesia: a comparison of midazolam and propofol. J Clin Anesth . 1991; 3: 32-39.
78. Watcha MF, Lagueruela RG, White PF. Effect of intraoperative analgesic therapy on end expired concentrations of halothane associated with spontaneous eye opening in children. Anesth Analg. 1991; 72: 190-193.
79. Segal IS, Jarvis DJ, Duncan SR, White PF, Maze M. Clinical efficacy of oral transdermal clonidine combinations during the perioperative period. Anesthesiology. 1991; 74: 220 225.
80. Hirsch IB, McGill JB, Cryer PE, White PF. Perioperative management of surgical patients with diabetes mellitus. Anesthesiology. 1991; 74: 346-359.
81. Ghouri AF, White PF. Effect of fentanyl and nitrous oxide on the desflurane anesthetic requirement. Anesth Analg. 1991; 72: 377-381.
82. Ghouri AF, Bodner M, White PF. Recovery profile after desflurane nitrous oxide versus isoflurane nitrous oxide in outpatients. Anesthesiology 1991; 74: 419-424.
83. Wong HY, Parker RK, Fragen RJ, White PF. Pentamorphone for management of postoperative pain. Anesth Analg. 1991; 72: 656-660.
84. Monk TG, Bouré B, White PF, Meretyk S, Clayman RV. Comparison of intravenous sedative analgesic techniques for outpatient immersion lithotripsy. Anesth Analg. 1991; 72: 616-621.
85. Taylor E, White PF. Does the anesthetic technique influence the postoperative analgesic requirement? Clin J Pain. 1991; 7: 139-142.
86. Monk TG, Ræder JM, White PF. Comparison of alfentanil and ketamine infusions in combination with midazolam for outpatient lithotripsy. Anesthesiology . 1991; 74: 1023-1028.
87. Watcha MG, Chu FC, Stevens JL, White PF. Intraocular pressure and hemodynamic changes following tracheal intubation in children. J Clin Anesth. 1991; 3: 310-313.
88. Yang J, Monk TG, White PF. Acute hemodynamic effects of indigo carmine in the presence of compromised cardiac function. J Clin Anesth. 1991; 3: 320-333.
89. Van Hemelrijck J, Smith I, White PF. Use of desflurane for outpatient anesthesia. A comparison with propofol and nitrous oxide. Anesthesiology . 1991; 75: 197-203.
90. Watcha MF, Simeon RM, White PF, Steven J. Effect of propofol on the incidence of postoperative vomiting after strabismus surgery in pediatric outpatients. Anesthesiology. 1991; 75: 204-209.
91. Bodner M, White PF. Antiemetic efficacy of ondansetron after outpatient laparoscopy. Anesth Analg. 1991; 73: 250-254.
92. Parker RK, Holtmann B, White PF. Patient controlled analgesia. Does a concurrent opioid infusion improve pain management after surgery? JAMA. 1991; 266: 1947-1952.
93. Smith I, Van Hemelrijck J, White PF. Efficacy of esmolol versus alfentanil as a supplement to propofol nitrous oxide anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 1991; 73: 540 546.
94. Smith I, Van Hemelrijck J, White PF, Shively R. Effects of local anesthesia on recovery after outpatient arthroscopy. Anesth Analg. 1991; 73: 536-539.
95. Boyle WA, Shear JM, White PF, Schuller D. Long term sedative infusion in the intensive care unit: Propofol versus midazolam. J Drug Dev . 1991; 4: 43 45.
96. Monk TG, Mueller M, White PF. Treatment of stress response during balanced anesthesia. Comparative effects of isoflurane, alfentanil and trimethaphan. Anesthesiology 1992; 76: 39.
97. Ghouri AF, White PF. Comparative effects of desflurane and isoflurane on vecuronium induced neuromuscular blockade. J Clin Anesth 1992; 4: 34-38.
98. Van Hemelrijck J, Tempelhoff R, White PF, Jellish S. EEG assisted titration of propofol infusion during neuroanesthesia: Effect of nitrous oxide. J Neurosurg Anesth . 1992; 4: 11-20.
99. Smith I, Ding Y, White PF. Comparison of induction, maintenance and recovery characteristics of sevoflurane N20 and propofol sevoflurane N20 with propofol isoflurane N20 anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 1992; 74: 253-259.
100. Poler SM, Watcha MF, White PF. Mivacurium as an alternative to succinylcholine during outpatient laparoscopy. J Clin Anesth. 1992; 4: 127-133.
101. Parker RK, Holtmann B, White PF. Effects of a nighttime opioid infusion with PCA therapy on patient comfort and analgesic requirements after abdominal hysterectomy. Anesthesiology. 1992; 76: 362-367.
102. Watcha MF, Jones MB, Lagueruela RG, Schweiger C, White PF. Comparison of ketorolac and morphine as adjuvants during pediatric surgery. Anesthesiology. 1992; 76: 68-72.
103. Taylor E, Feinstein R, White, PF, Soper, N. Anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Is nitrous oxide contraindicated? Anesthesiology . 1992; 76: 541-543.
104. Taylor E, Ghouri AF, White PF. Midazolam in combination with propofol for sedation during local anesthesia. J Clin Anesth. 1992; 4: 213-216.
105. Watcha MF, White PF. Postoperative nausea and vomiting: Its etiology, treatment, and prevention. Anesthesiology. 1992; 77: 162-184.
106. Zelcer J, White PF, Chester S, Paull JD, Molnar R. Intraoperative patient-controlled analgesia: an alternative to physician administration during outpatient monitored anesthesia care. Anesth Analg. 1992; 75: 41-44.
107. Smith I, White PF. Anaesthesia for day case surgery. Curr Anaesth Crit Care. 1992; 3: 77-83.
108. Taylor E, White PF. Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol: A novel preanesthetic medication. Anes Rev. 1992; 4: 35-38.
109. Watcha MF, White PF, Tyschen RL, Stevens JL: Comparative effects of laryngeal mask airway and endotracheal tube insertion on intraocular pressure in children. Anesth Analg. 1992; 75: 355-360.
110. Weldon BC, Watcha MF, White PF: Oral midazolam premedication in children: effect of time and adjunctive therapy. Anesth Analg. 1992; 75: 51-55.
111. Parker RK, White PF. Epidural patient-controlled analgesia: an alternative to intravenous patient-controlled analgesia for pain relief after cesarean delivery. Anesth Analg. 1992; 75: 245-251.
112. Smith I, Shively RA, White PF.Effects of ketorolac and bupivacaine on recovery after outpatient arthroscopy. Anesth Analg. 1992; 75: 208-212.
113. Pace NA, Victory RA, White PF.Anesthetic infusion techniques – how to do it. J Clin Anesth. 1992; 4: 45S-52S.
114. Watcha MF, Ramirez Ruiz M, White PF, Jones MB, Lagueruela RG, Terkonda RP. Perioperative effects of oral ketorolac and acetaminophen in children undergoing bilateral myringotomy. Can J Anaesth. 1992; 39: 649-654.
115. Ding Y, White PF. Simplified quality of anaesthesia scoring system. Anaesthesia. 1992; 47: 906-907. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2044.1992.tb03166.x
116. Ding Y, White PF. Comparative effects of ketorolac, dezocine, and fentanyl as adjuvants during outpatient anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 1992; 75: 566-571.
117. White PF.Studies of desflurane in outpatient anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 1992; 75: S47-S54.
118. Sawaki Y, Parker RK, White PF. Patient and nurse evaluation of PCA delivery systems for postoperative pain management. J Pain Symptom Manage. 1992; 7: 443-453.
119. Monk TG, Ding Y, White PF: Total intravenous anesthesia: effects of opioid versus hypnotic supplementation on autonomic responses and recovery. Anesth Analg. 1992; 75: 798-804.
120. Parker RD, Sawaki Y, White PF. Epidural patient-controlled analgesia: influence of bupivacaine and hydromorphone basal infusion on pain control after cesarean delivery. Anesth Analg. 1992; 75: 740-746.
121. Smith I, White PF. Use of the laryngeal mask airway as an alternative to a face mask during outpatient arthroscopy. Anesthesiology. 1992; 77: 850-855.
122. Ghouri AF, Taylor E, White PF. Patient-controlled drug administration during local anesthesia: a comparison of midazolam, propofol and alfentanil. J Clin Anesth. 1992; 4: 476-479.
123. Baron MJ, Gunter J, White PF. Is the pediatric preoperative hematocrit determination necessary? South Med J . 1992; 85: 1187-1189.
124. Smith I, Zelcer J, White PF. Anaesthesia for day-care surgery. Cur Opinion Anaesth. 1992; 5: 760-766.
125. Berman B, Chernik DA, Cooper SA, et al. Reversal of central benzodiazepine effects by intravenous flumazenil after conscious sedation with midazolam and opioids: A multicenter clinical study. Clinical Therapeutics. 1992; 14: 878-894.
126. Mendel PR, White P. Sedation of the critically ill patient. Int Anesthesiol Clin. 1993; 31: 185-200.
127. White PF, Watcha MF. Editorial – Are new drugs cost-effective for patients undergoing ambulatory surgery? Anesthesiology. 1993; 78: 2-5.
128. Wansbrough SR, White PF. Editorial – Sedation scales: measures of calmness or somnolence? Anesth Analg. 1993; 76: 219-21.
129. Weldon BC, Connor M, White P. Pediatric PCA: the role of concurrent opioid infusions and nurse controlled analgesia. Clin J Pain. 1993; 9: 26-33.
130. Smith I, White PF. Pipecuronium induced prolongation of vecuronium neuromuscular block. Br J Anaesth. 1993; 70: 446-448.
131. Liu J, Ding Y, White PF, Feinstein R, Shear JM. Effects of ketorolac on postoperative analgesia and ventilatory function after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Anesth Analg. 1993; 76: 1061-1066.
132. White PF, Watcha MF. Editorial -The practice of anesthesiology and the package insert: decision-making regarding drug use in anesthesiology. Anesth Analg. 1993; 76: 928-930.
133. Smith I, Ding Y, White, PF. Muscle pain after outpatient laparoscopy – influence of propofol versus thiopental and enflurane. Anesth Analg . 1993; 76: 1181-1184.
134. Pennant JH, White PF. The laryngeal mask airway. Its uses in anesthesiology. Anesthesiology. 1993; 79: 144-163.
135. Ghouri AF, Monk TG, White PF. Electroencephalogram spectral edge frequency, lower esophageal contractility and autonomic responsiveness during general anesthesia. J Clin Monit. 1993; 9: 176-185.
136. Ding Y, Fredman B, White PF. Use of ketorolac and fentanyl during outpatient gynecologic surgery. Anesth Analg. 1993; 77: 205-210.
137. Apfelbaum JL, Grasela TH, Hug CC, et al. The initial clinical experience of 1819 physicians in maintaining anesthesia with propofol: characteristics associated with prolonged time to awakening. Anesth Analg. 1993; 77: S10-S14.
138. Fredman B, Ding Y, White PF. Day-care surgery and inhalational/intravenous anesthesia: Mental and psychomotor recovery. Curr Opin Anesth. 1993; 6: 659-664.
139. White PF, Stanley TH, Apfelbaum JL, et al. Effects on recovery when isoflurane is used to supplement propofol-nitrous oxide anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 1993; 77: S15-S20.
140. Hug CC, McLeskey CH, Nahrwold ML, et al. Hemodynamic effects of propofol: data from over 25,000 patients. Anesth Analg. 1993; 77: S21-S29.
141. McLeskey CH, Walawander CA, Narhwold ML. et al. Adverse events in a multicenter phase IV study of propofol: evaluation by anesthesiologists and PACU nurses. Anesth Analg. 1993; 77: S3-S9.
142. Roizen MF, Stanley TH, Thisted RA, et al. How do anesthesiologists select patients when introducing a new drug into practice? Anesth Analg. 1993; 77: S30-S33.
143. Nahrwold ML, Roizen MF, Stanley TH, et al. Phase IV study of propofol: validation of the data set. Anesth Analg. 1993; 77: S34-S43.
144. Grasela TH, Watkins WD, Hug CC, et al. The role of pharmacoepidemiology research in postmarketing surveillance and anesthesia practice/critical care medicine. Anesth Analg. 1993; 77: S44-S50.
145. Ding Y, Fredman B, White PF. Recovery following outpatient anesthesia: use of enflurane versus propofol. J Clin Anesth. 1993; 5: 447-450.
146. White PF, Smith I. Impact of newer drugs and techniques on the quality of ambulatory anesthesia. J Clin Anesth. 1993; 5(1): 3S-13S. doi:10.1016/0952-8180(93)90002-V
147. White PF, Smith I. Ambulatory anesthesia; past, present, and future. Int Anesthesiol Clin. 1994; 32: 1-16.
148. Parker RK, Holtmann B, Smith I, White PF. Use of ketorolac after lower abdominal surgery. Effect on analgesic requirement and surgical outcome. Anesthesiology. 1994; 80: 6-12.
149. Van Hemelrijck J, Muller P, Van Aken H, White PF. Relative potency of eltanolone, propofol, and thiopental for induction of anesthesia. Anesthesiology . 1994; 80: 36-41.
150. Torjman M, Mora CT, White PF. Benzodiazepine antagonism does not provoke a stress response. Anesthesiology. 1989; 70: 636 639.
151. Smith I, Monk TG, White PF. Comparison of transesophageal atrial pacing with anticholinergic drugs for the treatment of intraoperative bradycardia. Anesth Analg. 1994; 78: 245-252.
152. Ding Y, Fredman B, White PF. Use of mivacurium during laparoscopic surgery: effect of reversal drugs on postoperative recovery. Anesth Analg . 1994; 78: 450-454.
153. Perry F, Parker RK, White PF, Clifford PA. Role of psychological factors in postoperative pain control and recovery with patient-controlled analgesia. Clin J Pain. 1994; 10: 57-63.
154. Over DC, Pace NA, Shearer VE, White PF, Giesecke AH. Clinical audit of anaesthesia practice and adverse peri-operative events at Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas, Texas. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 1994; 11: 231-235.
155. Hirsch IB, White PF.Management of surgical patients with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus: a retrospective evaluation. Anesth Rev. 1994; 21: 53-59.
156. Smith I, Newson C, White PF. Use of forced air warming during and after outpatient arthroscopic surgery. Anesth Analg. 1994; 78: 836-841.
157. Fredman B, dEtienne J, Smith I, Husain MM, White PF.Anesthesia for electroconvulsive therapy: effects of propofol and methohexital on seizure activity and recovery. Anesth Analg. 1994; 79: 75-79.
158. Smith I, Monk TG, White PF, Ding Y. Propofol infusion during regional anesthesia: Sedative, amnestic and anxiolytic properties. Anesth Analg. 1994; 79: 313-319.
159. Watcha MF, Garner FT, White PF, Lusk R. Laryngeal mask airway vs face mask and Guedel airway during pediatric myringotomy. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1994; 120: 877-880.
160. Ghouri AF, Ramirez Ruiz MA, White PF. Effect of flumazenil on recovery after midazolam and propofol sedation. Anesthesiology. 1994; 81: 333-339.
161. White PF. Anaesthesia for day-surgery: Past, present and future. Curr Anaesth Crit Care. 1994; 5: 123-126. doi:10.1016/0953-7112(94)90024-8
162. White PF, White LD. Cost-containment in the operating room: who is responsible? J Clin Anesth. 1994; 6: 351-356.
163. Fredman B, Husain MM, White PF. Anaesthesia for electroconvulsive therapy: use of propofol revisited. Eur J Anesthesiol. 1994; 11: 423-425.
164. Monk TG, Ding Y, White PF, Albala DM, Clayman RV. Effect of topical eutectic mixture of local anesthetics on pain response and analgesic requirement during lithotripsy procedures. Anesth Analg. 1994; 79: 506-511.
165. Wang J, Liu J, White PF, Klein KW Browne RH. Effects of end-tidal gas monitoring and flow rates on hemodynamic stability and the recovery profile. Anesth Analg. 1994; 79: 538-544.
166. Smith I, Taylor E, White PF. Comparison of tracheal extubation in patients deeply anesthetized with desflurane or isoflurane. Anesth Analg . 1994; 79: 642-645.
167. Smith I, White PF. Monitored anaesthesia care: use of adjuvant drugs. Minimally Invasive Therapy. 1994; 3: 9-16.
168. Smith I, White PF, Nathanson M, Gouldson R. Propofol. An update on its clinical uses. Anesthesiology. 1994; 81: 1005-1043.
169. Pace NA, Gajraj NM, Pennant JH, Victory RA, Johnson ER, White PF. Use of the laryngeal mask airway after oesophageal intubation. Br J Anaesth. 1994; 73: 688-689. doi:10.1093/bja/73.5.688
170. Singh H, Liu J, Gaines GY, White PF. Effect of oral clonidine and intrathecal fentanyl on tetracaine spinal block. Anesth Analg. 1994; 79: 1113-1116.
171. Souter A, Fredman B, White PF.Controversies in the perioperative use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Anesth Analg. 1994; 79: 1178-1190.
172. Watcha MF, Ramirez Ruiz, M, Jones MB, Lagueruela, RG, White PF. Comparison of postoperative oxygen saturation following propofol nitrous oxide halothane nitrous oxide anesthesia in children. Pediatr Anaesth. 1994; 4: 383-389.
173. Watcha MF, White PF. New antiemetic drugs. Int Anesthesiol Clin. 1995; 33: 1-20.
174. Ding Y, White PF. Post-herniorrhaphy pain in outpatients after pre-incision ilioinguinal-hypogastric nerve block during monitored anesthesia care. Can J Anaesth. 1995; 42: 12-15.
175. Smith I, White PF. Anesthetic considerations for laparoscopic surgery. Sem Laparoscop Surg. 1994; 1: 198-206.
176. Vandermeulen EP, White PF. Nociceptive modulation during intravenous anesthesia. Cah Anesthesiol. 1994; 42: 71-84.
177. Singh H, Vichitvejpaisal P, Gaines GY, White PF. Comparative effects of lidocaine, esmolol and nitroglycerin in modifying the hemodynamic response to laryngoscopy and intubation. J Clin Anesth. 1995: 5-8.
178. Victory RA, Gajraj NM, Pace NA, Ostman LP, White PF. Nebulized bupivaciane attenuates the heart rate response following tracheal intubation. J Clin Anesth. 1995; 7: 9-13.
179. Mendel P, Fredman B, White PF. Alfentanil suppresses coughing and agitation during emergence from isoflurane anesthesia. J Clin Anesth . 1995; 7: 114-118.
180. Watcha MF, Safavi FZ, McCulloch DA, Tan TSH, White PF. Effect of antagonism of mivacurium-induced neuromuscular block on postoperative emesis in children. Anesth Analg. 1995; 80: 713-717.
181. Gambling DR, White PF. Role of patient-controlled epidural analgesia in obstetrics. Eur J Obst Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1995; 59: S539-S546.
182. Watcha MF, White PF. Post-operative nausea and vomiting: do they matter? Eur J Anaesthesiol. 1995; 12: 18-23.
183. Liu J, Klein KW, Griffin JD, White PF. Does monitoring end-tidal isoflurane concentration improve titration during general anesthesia? J Clin Anesth. 1995; 7: 186-191.
184. Victory RA, Gajraj NM, Elstraete AV, Pace NA, Johnson ER, White PF. Effect of preincision versus post-incision infiltration with bupivacaine on postoperative pain. J Clin Anesth. 1995; 7(3): 192-196. doi:10.1016/0952-8180(94)00046-7
185. Gambling DR, Sharma SK, White PF, Van Beveren T, Bala AS, Gouldson R. Use of sevoflurane during elective cesarean birth: a comparison with isoflurane and spinal anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 1995; 81: 90-95.
186. Mora CT, Torjman M, White PF. Sedative and ventilatory effects of midazolam infusion: effect of flumazenil reversal. Canad J Anaesth. 1995; 42: 677-684.
187. Newson C, Joshi G, Victory R, White PF. Comparison of propofol administration techniques for sedation during monitored anesthesia care. Anesth Analg. 1995; 81: 486-491.
188. White PF, Smith I. Use of sedation techniques during local and regional anaesthesia. Can J Anaesth. 1995; 42: 38-46.
189. Avramov MN, Husain MM, White PF. The comparative effects of methohexital, propofol, and etomidate for electroconvulsive therapy. Anesth Anal. 1995; 81: 596-602.
190. Ramirez-Ruiz M, Smith I, White PF. Use of analgesics during propofol sedation: a comparison of ketorolac, dezocine and fentanyl. J Clin Anesth. 1995; 7: 481-485.
191. Fredman B, Nathanson MH, Smith I, Wang J, Klein K, White PF. Sevoflurane for outpatient anesthesia: a comparison with propofol. Anesth Analg . 1995; 81: 823-828.
192. Avramov MN, White PF. Methods for monitoring the level of sedation. Crit Care Clin. 1995; 11: 803-826.
193. Mora CT, Duke C, Torjman MC, White PF. The effects of anesthetic technique on the hemodynamic response and recovery profile after coronary revascularization patients. Anesth Analg. 1995; 81: 900-910.
194. White PF: Practical issues in outpatient anaesthesia – management of postoperative pain and emesis. Can J Anaesth . 1995; 42: 1053-1055.
195. Smith I, Nathanson MH, White PF. The role of sevoflurane in outpatient anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 1995; 81: S67-S72.
196. Nathanson MH, Fredman B, Smith I, White PF. Sevoflurane versus desflurane for outpatient anesthesia: a comparison of maintenance and recovery profiles. Anesth Analg. 1995; 81: 1186-1190.
197. White PF. Presidents Introduction. J Clin Anesth. 1995; 7: 556-557.
198. Liu J, Singh H, White PF. EEG bispectral analysis predicts the depth of midazolam-induced sedation. Anesthesiology. 1996; 84: 64-69. doi:10.1097/00000542-199601000-00007
199. Joshi GP, Morrison SG, Okonkwo NA, White PF. Continuous hypophyaryngeal pH measurements in spontaneously breathing anesthetized outpatients: laryngeal mask airway versus tracheal intubation. Anesth Analg. 1996; 82: 254-257.
200. Smith I, Nathanson M, White PF. Sevoflurane — a long-awaited volatile anaesthetic. Br J Anaesth. 1996; 76: 435-445.
201. Tang J, Joshi GP, White PF. Comparison of rocuronium and mivacurium to succinylcholine during outpatient laparoscopic surgery. Anesth Analg. 1996; 82: 994-998.
202. White PF. Intravenous anesthesia and analgesia: what is the role of target-controlled infusion (TCI)? J Clin Anesth. 1996; 8: 26S-28S. doi:10.1016/S0952-8180(96)90008-2
203. White PF, Rodríguez-Labajo AD. Ambulatory anaesthesia and surgery: past, present and future. Mapfre Medicina. 1996; 7: 1-13.
204. Tang J, Watcha MF, White PF. A comparison of costs and efficacy of ondansetron and droperidol as prophylactic antiemetic therapy for elective outpatient gynecologic procedures. Anesth Analg. 1996; 83: 304-313.
205. Kim DW, Joshi GP, White PF, Johnson ER. Interactions between mivacurium, rocuronium, and vercuronium during general anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 1996; 83: 818-822.
206. White PF. Monitored anesthesia care – Practical considerations. Formulary. 1996; 31: S4-S12.
207. Avramov M, Smith I, White PF. Interactions between midazolam and remifentanil during monitored anesthesia care. Anesthesiology. 1996; 85: 1283-1289.
208. Vichitveijpaisal PH, Joshi GP, Kumar S, White PF. Effects of nebulized 2-adrenergic agonists on pulmonary mechanics in anesthetized patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J Med Assoc Thai. 1996; 79: 779-784.
209. Liu J, Singh H, White PF. Electroencephalographic bispectral index correlates with intraoperative recall and depth of propofol-induced sedation. Anesth Analg. 1997; 84: 185-189.
210. Sun R, Klein KW, White PF. The effect of timing of ondansetron administration in outpatients undergoing otolaryngologic surgery. Anesth Analg . 1997; 84: 331-336.
211. Singh H, Bossard RF, White PF, Yeatts RW. Effects of ketorolac versus bupivacaine coadministration during patient-controlled hydromorphone epidural analgesia after thoracotomy procedures. Anesth Analg. 1997; 84: 564-569.
212. Smith I, Avramov M, White PF. A comparison of propofol and remifentanil during monitored anesthesia care. J Clin Anesth. 1997; 9: 148-154.
213. White, PF. Are non-pharmacologic techniques useful alternatives to antiemetic drugs for the prevention of nausea and vomiting? Anesth Analg 1997; 84: 712-714.
214. Parker RK, Holtmann B, White PF. Patient-controlled epidural analgesia: interactions between nalbuphine and hydromorphone. Anesth Analg 1997; 84: 757-763.
215. Sebel PS, Lang E, Rampil I, et al. A multicenter study of bispectral EEG analysis for monitoring anesthetic effect. Anesth Analg. 1997; 84: 891-899.
216. Watcha MF, White PF. Economics of anesthetic practice. Anesthesiology. 1997; 86: 1170-1196.
217. Vichitveijpaisal PH, Joshi GP, Liu J, White P. Effect of severity of pulmonary disease on nitrous oxide washin and washout characteristics. J Med Assoc Thai . 1997; 80: 378-383.
218. Avramov M, White PF. Etomidate: Its pharmacologic and physiologic effects. Sem Cardiothor Vasc Anesth. 1997; 1: 132-141.
219. White PF, Joshi GP, Carpenter RL, Fragen RJ. A comparison of oral ketorolac and hydrocodone-acetaminophen for analgesia after ambulatory surgery: arthroscopy vs laparoscopic tubal ligation. Anesth Analg 1997; 85: 37-43.
220. Wang B, Tang J, White PF, et al. Effect of the intensity of transcutaneous acupoint electrical stimulation on the postoperative analgesic requirement. Anesth Analg. 1997; 85: 406-413.
221. Avramov MN, White PF. Use of alfentanil and propofol for outpatient monitored anesthesia care: determining the optimal dosing regimen. Anesth Analg. 1997; 85: 566-572.
222. Joshi GP, Inagaki Y, White PF, et al. Use of the laryngeal mask airway as an alternative to the tracheal tube during ambulatory anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 1997; 85: 573-577.
223. Wang B, Tang J, White PF, et al. The effects of GP683, an adenosine kinase inhibitor, on the desflurane anesthetic requirement in dogs. Anesth Analg. 1997; 85: 675-680.
224. Tang J, Qi J, White PF, Wang B, Wender RH. Eltanolone as an alternative to propofol for ambulatory anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 1997; 85: 801-807.
225. Wang B, Bai Q, Jiao X, Wang E, White PF. Effect of sedative hypnotic doses of propofol on the EEG activity of patients with or without a history of seizure disorders. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 1997; 9: 335-340.
226. Sá Régo MM, Watcha MF, White PF.The changing role of monitored anesthesia care in the ambulatory setting. Anesth Analg. 1997; 85: 1020-1036.
227. Parker RK, White PF. A microscopic analysis of cut-bevel versus pencil-point spinal needles. Anesth Analg. 1997; 85: 1101-1104.
228. Song D, Joshi GP, White PF. Titration of volatile anesthetics using bispectral index facilitates recovery after ambulatory anesthesia. Anesthesiology. 1997; 87: 842-848.
229. Watcha MF, White PF. Is the introduction of new anesthetic drugs and techniques economically justified? Curr Opin Anaesth. 1997; 10: 158-162. 230. Song D, Singh H, White PF, Gadhiali M, Griffin, JD, Klein KW. Optimal dose of nicardipine for maintenance of hemodynamic stability after tracheal intubation and skin incision. Anesth Analg. 1997; 85: 1247-1251.
231. White PF. Anesthesia for day-to-case surgery: a decade of remarkable progress (Editorial). Curr Opin Anaesth. 1997; 10.
232. White PF. Ambulatory anesthesia – a perspective for the future. Curr Opin Anaesth. 1997; 10: 407-409.
233. White PF. Ambulatory anesthesia practices – an international perspective. Sem Anesth. 1997; 16: 161-165. doi: 10.1016/S0277-0326(97)80028-1
234. White PF. Role of rapid short-acting anesthetics, analgesics and muscle relaxants in ambulatory anesthesia. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand Suppl. 1997; 111: 223-226.
235. White PF. Ambulatory surgery for high risk patients – a contradiction in terms? Acta Anaesthesiol Scand Suppl. 1997; 111: 322-324.
236. Fu W, Stool LA, White PF, Husain MM. Acute hemodynamic responses to electroconvulsive therapy are not related to the duration of seizure activity. J Clin Anesth. 1997; 9: 653-657.
237. Wedel DJ, Brennan TJ, White PF, Sandler A. Workshop on how to perform clinical studies. Anesthesiology. 1997; 87:102-102.
238. Song D, Joshi GP, White PF. Fast track eligibility after ambulatory anesthesia: a comparison of desflurane, sevoflurane, and propofol. Anesth Analg. 1998; 86: 267-273.
239. Tang J, Wang B, White PF, Watcha MF, Qi J, Wender RH. The effect of timing of ondansetron administration on its efficacy, cost-effectiveness, and cost-benefit as a prophylactic antiemetic in the ambulatory setting. Anesth Analg. 1998; 86: 274-282.
240. Fu W, Stool LA, White PF, Husain MM. Is oral clonidine effective in modifying the acute hemodynamic response during electroconvulsive therapy? Anesth Analg. 1998; 86: 1127-1130.
241. Joshi GP, Morrison SG, White PF, Miciotto CJ, Hsia, CCW. Work of breathing in anaesthetized patients: laryngeal mask airway versus tracheal tube. J Clin Anesth. 1998; 10: 268-271.
242. Wat LI, Brimacombe JR, White PF, Templin PA, Lynch ME, Hammamura RK. Use of the laryngeal mask airway in the ambulatory setting. J Clin Anesth. 1998; 10: 386-388.
243. Avramov MN, Stool LA, White PF, Husain MM. Effects of nicardipine and labetalol on the acute hemodynamic response to electroconvulsive therapy. J Clin Anes. 1998; 10: 394-400.
244. Tang J, DAngelo R, White PF, Scuderi PE. The efficacy of RS-25259, a long-acting selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting after hysterectomy procedures. Anesth Analg. 1998; 87: 462-467.
245. White PF, Watcha MF. Reversal of neuromuscular blockade. Anesth Analg. 1998; 87: 494.
246. Avramov MN, Griffin JD, White PF. The effect of fresh gas flow and anesthetic technique on the ability to control acute hemodynamic responses during surgery. Anesth Analg 1998; 87: 666-670.
247. Blakeley KR, Klein KW, White PF, Trott S, Rohrich RJ. A total intravenous anesthetic technique for outpatient facial laser resurfacing. Anesth Analg. 1998; 87: 827-829.
248. Ahmed HE, Craig WF, White PF, Ghoname EA, Hamza MA, Gajraj NM. Percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation: an alternative to antiviral drugs for acute herpes zoster. Anesth Analg. 1998; 87: 911-914.
249. Song D, Whitten CW, White PF, Yu SY, Zarate E. Antiemetic activity of propofol after sevoflurane and desflurane anesthesia for outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Anesthesiology. 1998; 89: 838-843.
250. Chen L, Tang J, White PF, Sloninsky A, Wender RH, Naruse R, Kariger R: The effect of the location of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on postoperative opioid analgesic requirement: acupoint versus non-acupoint stimulation. Anesth Analg. 1998; 87: 1129-1134.
251. Joshi GP, Morrison SG, White PF, Miciotto CJ, Hsia CCW. Work of breathing in anesthetized patients: Laryngeal mask airway versus tracheal tube. J Clin Anesth. 1998; 10: 268-271.
252. Song D, van Vlymen J, White PF. Is the bispectral index useful in predicting fast-track eligibility after ambulatory anesthesia with propofol and desflurane?. Anesth Analg. 1998; 87: 1245-1248.
253. Ahmed HE, Craig WF, White PF, Huber P. Percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS): a complementary therapy for the management of pain secondary to bony metastasis. Clin J Pain. 1998; 14: 320-323.
254. White PF. Stellenwert von sevofluran für ambulante operieren. Anesthetis. t 1998; 47: S49-S51.
255. White PF. Bypassing (fast-tracking) of the recovery room after ambulatory surgery. Acta Anaesth Scand. 1998; 42: 189-191.
256. White PF. Ambulatory anesthesia in the 21st century [Editorial]. Curr Opin Anesthesiol. 1998; 11: 593-594.
257. Sá Rêgo MM, White PF. What is new in monitored anesthesia care. Curr Opin Anesthesiol. 1998; 11: 601-606.
258. Van Vlymen JM, White PF. Fast-track concept for ambulatory surgery. Curr Opin Anesthesiol. 1998; 11: 607-614.
259. Fu W, White PF. Dexmedetomidine failed to block the acute hyperdynamic response to electroconvulsive therapy. Anesthesiology. 1999: 90: 422-424.
260. Ghoname EA, Craig WF, White PF, et al. Percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for low back pain: a randomized cross-over study. JAMA. 1999; 281: 818-823.
261. Sá Rêgo MM, Inagaki Y, White PF. Remifentanil administration during monitored anesthesia care: are intermittent boluses an effective alternative to a continuous infusion?. Anesth Analg. 1999: 88: 518-522.
262. van Vlymen JM, Sá Rêgo MM, White PF. Benzodiazepine premedication: can it improve outcome in patients undergoing breast biopsy? Anesthesiology. 1999: 90: 740-747.
263. Sá Rêgo MM, Inagaki Y, White PF. The cost-effectiveness of methohexital versus propofol for sedation during monitored anesthesia care. Anesth Analg. 1999; 88: 723-728.
264. Song D, Whitten CW, White PF. Use of remifentanil during anesthetic induction: a comparison with fentanyl in the ambulatory setting. Anesth Analg. 1999; 88: 734-736.
265. Ghoname EA, Craig WF, White PF, et al. The effect of stimulus frequency on the analgesic response to percutaneous electrical stimulation in patients with low back pain. Anesth Analg. 1999; 88: 841-846.
266. Zarate E, Sa Rego MM, White PF, et al. Comparison of adenosine and remifentanil infusions as adjuvants to desflurane anesthesia. Anesthesiology. 1999; 90: 956-63.
267. van Vlymen JM, Fu W, White PF, Klein KW, Griffin JD. Use of the cuffed oropharyngeal airway as an alternative to the laryngeal mask airway with positive-pressure ventilation. Anesthesiology. 1999; 90: 1306-1310.
268. White PF. Criteria for fast-tracking outpatients after ambulatory surgery. J Clin Anesth. 1999; 11: 78-79.
269. White PF, Song D. New criteria for fast-tracking after outpatient anesthesia: a comparison with the modified Aldretes scoring system. Anesth Analg. 1999; 88: 1069-1072.
270. White PF, Watcha MF.[Editorial] Has the use of meta-analysis enhanced our understanding of therapies for postoperative nausea and vomiting? Anesth Analg. 1999: 88: 1200-1202. doi:10.1213/00000539-199906000-00002
271. Tang J, Chen L, White PF, et al. Recovery profile, costs, and patient satisfaction with propofol and sevoflurane for fast-track office-based anesthesia. 1999; 91: 253-261.
272. Campagni MA, Howie MB, White PF, McSweeney TD. Comparative effects of oral clonidine and intravenous esmolol in attenuating the hemodynamic response to epinephrine injection. J Clin Anesth. 1999; 11: 208-215.
273. Tang J, Chen L, White PF, et al. Use of propofol for office-based anesthesia: effect of nitrous oxide on recovery profile. J Clin Anesth. 1999 11: 226-230. doi: 10.1016/S0952-8180(99)00031-8
274. White PF. Pharmacoeconomic issues related to selection of neuromuscular blocking agents. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 1999; 56: S18-S21.
275. Ghoname EA, Craig WF, White PF. Use of percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS) for treating ECT-induced headaches. Headach. 1999; 39: 502-525.
276. Sun R, Watcha MF, White PF, et al. A cost comparison of methohexital and propofol for ambulatory anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 1999; 89: 311-316.
277. Wong JK, Tongier WK, Armbruster SC, White PF. Use of the intubating laryngeal mask airway to facilitate awake orotracheal intubation in patients with cervical spine disorders. J Clin Anesth. 1999; 11: 346-348. doi:10.1016/S0952-8180(99)00052-5
278. Tang J, Wang B, White PF, Gold M, Gold J. Comparison of the sedation and recovery profiles of Ro 48-6791, a new benzodiazepine, and midazolam in combination with meperidine for outpatient endoscopic procedures. Anesth Analg. 1999: 89: 893-898.
279. Song D, White PF. Remifentanil as an adjuvant during desflurane anesthesia facilitates early recovery after ambulatory surgery. J Clin Anesth. 1999; 11: 364-367.
280. Ghoname EA, White PF, Ahmed HE, Hamza MA, Craig WF, Noe CE: Percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation: an alternative to TENS in the management of sciatica. PAIN. 1999; 83: 193-199.
281. Hamza MA, White PF, Ahmed HE, Ghoname EA. Effect of the frequency of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on the postoperative opioid analgesic requirement. Anesthesiology. 1999; 9(5): 1232-1238.
282. Gesztesi Z, Mootz BL, White, PF. The use of a remifentanil infusion for hemodynamic control during intracranial surgery. Anesth Analg. 1999; 89: 1282-1287.
283. White PF, Watcha MF [Editorial]. Postoperative nausea and vomiting: prophylaxis versus treatment. Anesth Analg. 1999; 89: 1337-1339.
284. Hamza MA, Ghoname EA, Craig WF, et al. Effect of the duration of electrical stimulation on the analgesic response in patients with low back pain. Anesthesiology. 1999; 91: 1622-1627.
285. Gesztesi Z, Sá Rêgo MM, White PF. The comparative effectiveness of fentanyl and its newer analogs during extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy under monitored anesthesia care. Anesth Analg. 2000; 90: 567-570.
286. Zhou TJ, Tang J, White PF, et al. Reversal of rapacuronium block during propofol versus sevoflurane anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2000; 90: 689-693.
287. Ahmed HE, White PF, Craig WF, Hamza MA, Ghoname EA, Gajraj NM. Use of percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS) in the short-term management of headaches. Headache. 2000 40: 311-315.
288. Coloma M, White PF, Huber PJ, Tongier WK, Dullye KK, Duffy LL. The effect of ketorolac on recovery after anorectal surgery: intravenous versus local administration. Anesth Analg. 2000; 90: 1107-1110.
289. Song D, Whitten CW, White PF. Remifentanil infusion facilitates early recovery for obese outpatients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Anesth Analg. 2000; 90: 1111-1113.
290. White PF. Ambulatory anesthesia advances into the new millennium [World Congress of Anaesthesia Issue]. Anesth Analg. 2000; 90: 1234-1235.
291. Chiu JW, White PF. The pharmacoeconomics of neuromuscular blocking drugs. Anesth Analg. 2000; 90: S19-S23.
292. Zarate E, Watcha MF, White PF, Klein KW, Sa Rego M, Stewart DG. A comparison of the costs and efficacy of ondansetron versus dolasetron for antiemetic prophylaxis. Anesth Analg. 2000; 90: 1352-1358.
293. Dahl V, Ernoe PE, Steen T, Ræder JC, White PF. Does ketamine have pre-emptive effects in women undergoing abdominal hysterectomy procedures? Anesth Analg. 2000; 90: 1419-1422.
294. Place RJ, Coloma M, White PF, Huber PJ, van Vlymen J, Simmang CL. Ketorolac improves recovery after outpatient anorectal surgery. Dis Colon Rectum. 2000; 83: 804-808.
295. Coloma M, Chiu JW, White PF, Tongier WK, Duffy, LL, Armbruster SC. Fast-tracking after immersion lithotripsy: general anesthesia versus monitored anesthesia care. Anesth Analg. 2000 91: 92-96.
296. Hamza MA, White PF, Craig WF, et al. Percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (PENS): a novel analgesic therapy for diabetic neuropathic pain. Diabetes Care. 2000; 23; 365-370.
297. van Vlymen JM, Coloma M, Tongier WK, White PF. Use of the intubating laryngeal mask airway: are muscle relaxants necessary? Anesthesiology. 2000; 93: 340-345.
298. Zarate E, Latham P, White PF, et al. Fast-track cardiac anesthesia: use of remifentanil combined with intrathecal morphine as an alternative to sufentanil during desflurane anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2000; 91: 283-287.
299. Eger EI, White PF, Bogetz MS. Clinical and economic factors important to anesthetic choice for day-case surgery. Pharmacoeconomics. 2000; 17: 245-262.
300. Zhou TJ, Coloma M, White PF, et al. Spontaneous recovery profile of rapacuronium during desflurane, sevoflurane, or propofol anesthesia for outpatient laparoscopy. Anesth Analg. 2000; 91: 596-600.
301. Sakai T, Matsuki A, White PF, Giesecke AH. Use of an EEG-bispectral closed-loop delivery system for administering propofol. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2000; 44: 1007-1010.
302. Zhou TJ, White PF, Chiu JW, et al: Onset/offset characteristics and intubating conditions of rapacuronium: a comparison with rocuronium. Br J Anaesth. 2000; 85: 246-250.
303. Fu W, Klein KW, White PF, et al. Rapacuronium recovery characteristics and infusion requirements during inhalation versus propofol-based anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth. 2000; 85: 302-325.
304. Shao X, Li H, White PF, Klein KW, Kulstad C, Owens A. Bisulfite-containing propofol: is it a cost-effective alternative to Diprivan for induction of anesthesia?. Anesth Analg. 2000; 91: 871-875.
305. Song D, Greilich NB, White PF, Watcha MF, Tongier WK: Recovery profiles and costs of anesthesia for outpatient unilateral inguinal herniorrhaphy. Anesth Analg. 2000; 91: 876-881.
306. White PF, Craig WF, Vakharia AS, Ghoname EA, Ahmed HE, Hamza MA. Percutaneous neuromodulation therapy: does the location of electrical stimulation effect the acute analgesic response? Anesth Analg. 2000; 91: 949-954.
307. White PF. Succinylcholine-associated postoperative myalgias…not always! Anaesthesia. 2000; 55: 1037-1038.
308. Gesztesi Z, Scuderi PE, White PF, et al. Substance P (Neurokinin-1) antagonist prevents postoperative vomiting after abdominal hysterectomy procedures. Anesthesiology. 2000; 93: 931-937.
309. Li S, Coloma M, White PF, et al. Comparison of the costs and recovery profiles of three anesthetic techniques for ambulatory anorectal surgery. Anesthesiology. 2000; 93: 1225-1230.
310. Latham P, Zarate E, White PF, et al. Fast-track cardiac anesthesia: a comparison of remifentanil plus intrathecal morphine with sufentanil in a desflurane-based anesthetic. J Thorac Vasc Anesth. 2000; 14: 645-651.
311. White PF, Bovill JG: From SIVA to ISAP – a logical evolution. Anesth Analg. 2001; 92: 1-2.
312. Coloma M, Duffy LL, White PF, Tongier WK, Huber PJ Jr. Dexamethasone facilitates discharge after outpatient anorectal surgery. Anesth Analg. 2001; 92: 85-88.
313. Tang J, White PF, Wender RH, et al. Fast-track office-based anesthesia: a comparison of propofol versus desflurane with antiemetic prophylaxis in spontaneously breathing patients. Anesth Analg. 2001; 92: 95-99.
314. Coloma M, Chiu JW, White PF, Armbruster SC: The use of esmolol as an alternative to remifentanil during desflurane anesthesia for fast-track outpatient gynecologic laparoscopic surgery. Anesth Analg. 2001; 92: 352-357.
315. White PF, Ghoname EA, Ahmed HE, Hamza MA, Craig WF, Vakharia AS. The effect of montage on the analgesic response to percutaneous neuromodulation therapy. Anesth Analg. 2001; 92: 483-487.
316. White PF, Li S, Chiu JW: Electroanalgesia: its role in acute and chronic pain management. Anesth Analg. 2001; 92: 505-513.
317. Zhou TJ, Chiu JW, White PF, Forestner JE: Reversal of rocuronium with endophonium during propofol versus sevoflurane anesthesia. Acta Anaesth Scand . 2001; 45: 246-249.
318. Zarate E, Mingus M, White PF, et al. The use of transcutaneous acupoint electrical stimulation for preventing nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic surgery. Anesth Analg. 2001; 92: 629-635.
319. Rohrich RJ, White PF: Safety of outpatient surgery: Is mandatory accreditation of outpatient surgery centers enough? Plastic Reconstr Surg. 2001; 107: 189-192.
320. Zhou TJ, Tang J, White PF: Propacetamol versus ketorolac for treatment of acute postoperative pain after total hip or knee replacement. Anesth Analg. 2001; 92: 1569-1575.
321. Coloma M, Zhou T, White PF, Markowitz S, Forestner JE: Fast-tracking after outpatient laparoscopy: reasons for failure after propofol, sevoflurane and desflurane anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2001; 93: 112-115.
322. White PF, Watcha MF. Pharmacoeconomics in anaesthesia: what are the issues?. Eur J Anaesth. 2001 2001; 23: 10-15.
323. Chen X, Tang J, White PF, et al. The effect of timing of dolasetron administration on its efficacy as a prophylactic antiemetic in the ambulatory setting. Anesth Analg. 2001; 93: 906-911.
324. White PF. Role of non-opioid analgesics in ambulatory anesthesia. Sem Anesth Periop Med Pain. 2001: 20: 275-282. doi:10.1053/sane.2001.29153
325. Chen X, Zhao M, White PF, et al. The recovery of cognitive function after general anesthesia in elderly patients: a comparison of desflurane and sevoflurane. Anesth Analg. 2001; 93: 1489-1494.
326. Kehlet H, White PF. Optimizing anesthesia for inguinal herniorrhaphy: general, regional, or local anesthesia? Anesth Anal. g 2001; 93: 1367-1369.
327. Watkins AC, White P. Fast-tracking after ambulatory surgery. J Perianesth Nurs. 2001; 16: 379-387.
328. Kim DW, Kil HY, White PF. Effect of noise on the bispectral index during propofol sedation. Anesth Anal. 2001; 93: 1367-1369.
329. White PF. Rapacuronium: why did it fail as a replacement for succinylcholine? Br J Anaesth. 2002: 88: 163-165.
330. Kadar AG, Ing CH, White PF, et al. Anesthesia for electroconvulsive therapy in obese patients. Anesth Analg. 2002; 94: 360-361.
331. Wilhelm W, Hammadeh ME, White PF, Dipl-Math TG, Fleser R, Biedler A. General anesthesia versus monitored anesthesia care with remifentanil for assisted reproductive technologies: effect on pregnancy rate. J Clin Anesth. 2002; 14: 1-5.
332. Fredman B, Sheffer O, Zohar E, et al. Fast-track eligibility of geriatric patients undergoing short urologic surgery procedures. Anesth Analg. 2002; 94: 560-564.
333. White PF. The role of non-opioid analgesic techniques in the management of pain after ambulatory surgery. Anesth Analg. 2002; 94: 577-585.
334. Issioui T, Klein KW, White PF, et al. The efficacy of premedication with celecoxib and acetaminophen in preventing pain after otolaryngologic surgery. Anesth Analg. 2002; 94: 1188-1193.
Anesth Analg . 2002; 94: 1351-1364. doi: 10.1097/00000539-200205000-00057
336. Kim DW, Kil HY, White PF: Relationship between clinical endpoints for induction of anesthesia and bispectral index and effect-site concentration values. J Clin Anesth. 2002; 14: 241-245.
337. Tang J, Li S, White PF, et al. Effect of parecoxib, a novel intravenous cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, on the postoperative opioid requirement and quality of pain control. Anesthesiology. 2002; 96: 1305-1309.
338. Coloma M, White PF, Markowitz SD, et al. Dexamethasone in combination with dolasetron for prophylaxis in the ambulatory setting: effect on outcome after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Anesthesiology . 2002; 96: 1346-1350.
339. White PF: Droperidol: A cost-effective antiemetic for over thirty years. Anesth Analg. 2002; 95: 789-790.
340. Issioui T, Klein KW, White PF, et al. Cost-efficacy of rofecoxib versus acetaminophen for preventing pain after ambulatory surgery. Anesthesiology. 2002; 97: 931-937.
341. White PF, Issioui T, Hu J, et al. Comparative efficacy of acustimulation (ReliefBand) versus ondansetron (Zofran) in combination with droperidol for preventing nausea and vomiting. Anesthesiolog. y 2002: 97: 1075-1081.
342. Coloma M, White PF, Ogunnaike BO, et al. Comparison of acustimulation and ondansetron for the treatment of established postoperative nausea and vomiting. Anesthesiology. 2002: 97: 1387-1392.
343. Chen X, Tang J, White PF, et al. A comparison of patient state index and bispectral index values during the perioperative period. Anesth Analg. 2002; 95: 1669-1674.
344. White PF. Need information on off-label uses of anesthetic drugs? Just ask the pharmaceutical representative! Anesth Analg. 2002; 95: 1474-1475.
345. Chen X, Tang J, White PF, et al. Effect of maintenance bolus on the recovery profile of a short-acting nondepolarizing muscle relaxant. J Clin Anesth. 2002; 14: 500-504.
346. Markowitz SD, White PF, Issioui T, et al. Initial evaluation of a new optic laryngoscope blade. J Clin Anesth. 2002; 14: 604-607.
347. Tang J, Chen X, White PF, et al. Antiemetic prophylaxis for office-based surgery: are the 5-HT3 receptor antagonists beneficial? Anesthesiolog. y 2003; 98: 293-298.
348. Watcha MF, Issioui T, Klein KW, White PF. Costs and effectiveness of rofecoxib, celecoxib and acetaminophen for preventing pain after ambulatory otolaryngologic surgery. Anesth Analg. 2003: 96: 987-994.
349. Recart A, Rawal S, White PF, Byerly S, Thornton L. The effect of remifentanil on seizure duration and acute hemodynamic responses to electroconvulsive therapy. Anesth Analg. 2003; 96: 1047-1050.
350. White PF, Rawal S, Recart A, Thornton L, Litle M, Stool L. Can the bispectral index be used to predict seizure time and awakening after electroconvulsive therapy? Anesth Analg. 2003; 96: 1636-1639.
351. Recart A, Issioui T, White PF, et al. The efficacy of celecoxib premedication on postoperative pain and recovery times after ambulatory surgery: a dose-ranging study. Anesth Analg. 2003; 96: 1631-1635.
352. Halvorsen P, Raeder J, White PF, et al. The effect of dexamethasone on side effects after coronary revascularization procedures. Anesth Analg. 2003; 96: 1578-1583.
353. Ma H, Tang J, White PF, et al. The effect of clonidine on gastrointestinal side effects associated with ultra-rapid opioid detoxification. Anesth Analg. 2003; 96: 1409-1412.
354. White PF: Can the use of specific isomers improve the safety and efficacy of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs? [Editorial] Anesth Analg. 2003; 97: 309-310. doi:10.1213/01.ANE.0000073350.96933.A1
355. White PF, Rawal S, Nguyen J, Watkins A. PACU fast-tracking: an alternative to bypassing the PACU for facilitating the recovery process after ambulatory surgery. J PeriAnesth Nurs. 2003; 18: 247-253.
356. Recart A, White PF, Wang A, Gasanova I, Byerly S, Jones S. Effect of auditory evoked potential index monitoring on anesthetic drug requirements and recovery profile after laparoscopic surgery: a clinical utility study. Anesthesiology. 2003; 99: 913-918.
357. White PF, Coleman JE: An outcome study comparing intravenous sedation with midazolam/fentanyl (conscious sedation) versus propofol infusion (deep sedation) for aesthetic surgery. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2003; 112: 1690-1691.
358. White PF, Rawal S, Latham P, et al. Use of a continuous local anesthetic infusion for pain management after median sternotomy. Anesthesiology. 2003; 99: 918-923.
359. White PF, Issioui T, Skrivanek GD, et al. Use of a continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block for the management of pain after major podiatric surgery: does it improve quality of recovery? Anesth Analg. 2003; 97: 1303-1309.
360. White PF, Wang B, Tang J, Wender RH, Naruse R, Sloninsky A: Effect of intraoperative use of esmolol and nicardipine on recovery after ambulatory surgery. Anesth Analg. 2003; 97: 1633-1638
361. Recart A, Gasanova I, White PF, et al. Effect of cerebral monitoring on recovery after general anesthesia: comparison of AEP vs BIS devices vs standard clinical practice. Anesth Analg . 2003; 97: 1667-1674.
362. White PF, Song D: Bispectral index monitoring and fast tracking after ambulatory surgery: An unexpected finding? Anesthesiology. 2004: 100: 194-195.
363. Ma H, Tang J, White PF, et al. Perioperative rofecoxib improves early recovery after outpatient herniorrhaphy. Anesth Analg. 2004; 98: 970-975.
364. Song D, Hamza M, White PF, Klein K, Recart A, Khodaparast O. The pharmacodynamic effects of a lower-lipid emulsion of propofol: A comparison with the standard propofol emulsion. Anesth Analg. 2004; 98: 687-691.
365. White PF, Ma H, Tang J, Wender RH, Sloninsky A, Kariger R. Does the use of electroencephalographic bispectral index or auditory evoked potential index monitoring facilitate recovery after desflurane anesthesia in the ambulatory setting? Anesthesiology. 2004; 100: 811-817.
366. Song D, Hamza MA, White PF, Byerly SI, Jones SB, Macaluso AD. Comparison of a lower-lipid propofol emulsion with the standard emulsion for sedation during monitored anesthesia care. Anesthesiology. 2004; 100: 1072-1075.
367. White PF. Electroanalgesia: Does it have a place in the routine management of acute and chronic pain? Anesth Analg. 2004; 98: 1197-1198.
368. Zhang Y, Luo Z, White PF. A model for evaluating droperidols effect on the median QTc interval. Anesth Analg. 2004; 98: 1330-1335.
369. White PF. Advances in perioperative pain management. . Hosp Pharm Eur . 2004; 8: 56-57.
370. White PF. Prevention of nausea and vomiting: A multimodal solution to a persistent problem. N Engl J Med . 2004; 350: 2511-2512.
371. White PF, Tang J, Ma H, Wender RH, Sloninsky A, Kariger R: Is the patient state analyzer with the PSArray2 a cost-effective alternative to the bispectral index monitor during the perioperative period? Anesth Analg. 2004; 99: 1429-1435.
372. Cabrera MC, Schmied S, Derderian T, et al. Efficacy of oral rofecoxib vs intravenous ketoprofen as an adjuvant to PCA morphine after urologic surgery. Acta Anaesth Scand. 2004; 48: 1190-1193.
373. Hamza MA, Schneider BE, White PF, et al. Heated and humidified insufflation during laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery: effect on temperature, postoperative pain and recovery outcomes. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg. 2005; 15: 6-12.
374. Zhang Y, White PF, Thornton L, Perdue L, Downing M. The use of nicardipine for electroconvulsive therapy: A dose-ranging study. Anesth Analg. 2005; 100: 378-381.
375. White PF, Hamza MA, Recart A, et al. Optimal timing of acustimulation for antiemetic prophylaxis as an adjunct to ondansetron in patients undergoing plastic surgery. Anesth Analg. 2005; 100: 367-372.
376. White PF. Changing role of COX-2 inhibitors in the perioperative period: is paracoxib really the answer? Anesth Analg. 2005; 100: 1306-1308. doi:10.1213/01.ANE.0000158607.90390.01
377. White PF, Song D, Abrao J, Klein KW, Navarette B. Effect of low-dose droperidol on the QT interval during general anesthesia: a placebo-controlled study. Anesthesiology. 2005; 102: 1101-1105.
378. Recart A, Duchene D, White PF, T Thomas, Johnson B, Cadeddu JA. Efficacy and safety of a fast-track recovery strategy for patients undergoing laparoscopic nephrectomy. J Endourol. 2005; 19: 951-955.
379. White PF. The changing role of non-opioid analgesic techniques in the management of postoperative pain. Anesth Analg. 2005; 101: S5-S22.
380. White PF. Rol de las terapias no farmacologicas complementarias en el manejo de las nauseas y vomitos postoperatorios. Revista Argentina de Anestesiologia. 2005; 63: 160-167.
381. Zohar E, Luban I, White PF, Ramati E, Shabat S, Fredman B. Bispectral index monitoring does not improve early recovery of geriatric outpatients undergoing brief urologic procedures. Can J Anesth. 2006; 53: 20-25.
382. Turan A, White PF, Karamanlioglu B, et al. Gabapentin – an alternative to COX-2 inhibitors for perioperative pain management. Anesth Analg. 2006; 102: 175-181.
383. White PF, Tang J, Romero GF, et al. A comparison of state and response entropy vs bispectral index values during the perioperative period. Anesth Analg. 2006; 102: 160-167.
384. White PF. Use of cerebral monitoring during anesthesia: Effect on recovery profile. Best Prac Res Clin Anaesth. 2006; 20: 181-189.
385. White PF. Choice of peripheral nerve block for inguinal herniorrhaphy: is better the enemy of good? Anesth Analg. 2006; 102: 1073-1075.
386. White PF, Abrao J: Drug-induced prolongation of the QT interval: whats the point? Anesthesiology. 2006; 104: 386-387.
387. White PF, Tang J, Hamza MA, et al. The use of oral granisetron versus intravenous ondansetron for antiemetic prophylaxis in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery: the effect on emetic symptoms and quality of recovery. Anesth Analg. 2006; 102: 1387-1393.
388. White PF, Amos Q, Zhang Y, et al. Anesthetic considerations of magnetic seizure therapy (MST) – A novel therapy for severe depression. Anesth Analg. 2006; 103: 76-80.
389. Turan A, White PF, Karamanlioglu B, Pamukcu Z: Premedication with gabapentin: Effect on tourniquet pain and quality of intravenous regional anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2007; 104: 97-101.
390. White PF, Tang J, Song D, et al. Transdermal scopolamine: An alternative to ondansetron and droperidol for the prevention of postoperative emetic symptoms. Anesth Analg. 2007; 104: 92-96.
391. White PF. Use of Alternative Medical Therapies in the Perioperative Period: Is it time to get on board. Anesth Analg. 2007; 104: 251-254.
392. Eng M, White PF. Postoperative nausea and vomiting: An update on its prevention and treatment. Pharm Anesth Prac Updates. . 2007; 1: 7-17.
393. Sacan O, Klein K, White PF. Sugammadex reversal of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade: a comparison with neostigmine-glycopyrrolate and edrophonium-atropine. Anesth Analg. 2007; 104: 569-574.
394. Lenz A, Hill G, White PF. Emergency use of sugammadex after failure of standard reversal drugs. Anesth Analg. 2007; 104: 585-586.
395. White PF, Kehlet H. Postoperative pain management and patient outcome: Time to return to work! Anesth Analg. 2007; 104: 487-490.
396. White PF, Sacan O, Tufanogullari, Eng M, Nuangchamnong N, Ogunnaike B. Effect of short-term postoperative celecoxib administration on patient outcome after outpatient laparoscopic surgery. Can J Anesth. 2007; 54: 342-348.
397. White PF, Kehlet H, Neal JM, et al. Expanding role of anesthesiology in fast-track surgery: from multimodal analgesia to perioperative medical care. Anesth Analg. 2007; 104: 1380-1396.
398. White PF, Kehlet H: Improving pain management: Are we jumping from the frying pan into the fire? Anesth Analg. 2007; 105; 10-12.
399. White PF. Multimodal pain management – The time is now! Curr Opin Invest Drugs. 2007; 8: 517-518.
400. Lentschener C, Tostivint P, White PF, Gentili ME, Ozier Y. Opioid-induced sedation in the Postanesthesia Care Unit does not insure adequate pain relief: a case-control study. Anesth Analg. 2007; 105: 1143-1147.
401. White PF, Eng M. Fast-track anesthetic techniques for ambulatory surgery. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2007; 20: 545-557.
402. Glass PSA, White PF. Practice guidelines for the management of postoperative nausea and vomiting: past, present, and future. Anesth Analg. 2007; 105: 1528-1529.
403. Wang S-M, Kain Z, White PF. Acupuncture analgesia: Scientific Basis (Part 1). Anesth Analg. 2008; 106: 602-610. doi:10.1213/01.ane.0000277493.42335.7b
404. White PF. Multimodal analgesia: Its role in preventing postoperative pain. Curr Opin Invest. 2008; 9: 76-82.
405. Wang S-M, Kain Z, White PF. Acupuncture analgesia: Clinical Basis (Part 2). Anesth Analg. 2008; 106; 611-621.
406. Tufanogullari B, White PF, Kianpour D, et. al. Dexmedetomidine infusion during laparoscopic bariatric surgery: Effect on recovery outcome variables. Anesth Analg. 2008; 106: 174-178. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e318172c47c
407. Sun T, Sacan O, White PF, et. al. Perioperative vs. postoperative celecoxib on patient outcomes after major plastic surgery procedures. Anesth Anal. 2008; 106; 950-958. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e3181618831
408. White PF. Pain Management after ambulatory surgery – where is the disconnect?. Can J Anaest. 2008; 55: 201-207. doi:10.1007/BF03021503
409. White PF. Re-engineering fast-track anesthesia: The expanding role of anesthesiologists in perioperative medical care. Anesth Analg . 2008; 106: 950-958. doi: 10.1213/ane.0b013e318165e05e
410. White PF (Editorial). Red-hot chili peppers: A spicy new approach to preventing postoperative pain. Anesth Analg. 2008; 107: 6-8. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e3181753276
411. Turan A, White PF, Koyuncu O, Karamanlioglu B, Kaya G, Apfel CC. Transdermal nicotine patches failed to improve postoperative pain management. Anesth Analg. 2008; 107: 1011-1017. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e31816ba3bb>
412. White PF, Sacan O, Nuangchamnong N, Sun T, Eng M. Relationship between risk factors and occurrence of early versus late postoperative emetic symptoms. Anesth Analg . 2008; 107; 459-463. doi: 10.1213/ane.0b013e31817aa6e4
413. White PF, OHara JF, Robertson CR, Wender RH, Candiotti K. Impact of current antiemetic practices on patient outcomes: A prospective study in high-risk patients. Anesth Analg. 2008; 107; 452-458. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e31817b842c
414. White PF. Propofol-Its role in changing the practice of anesthesia – Classic Paper Revisited. Anesthesiology. 2008; 109: 1132-1136. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e31818ddba8
415. Sun T, Sacan O, White PF, Coleman J, Rohrich RJ, Kenkel JM. Perioperative versus postoperative celecoxib on patient outcomes after major plastic surgery procedures. Anesth Analg. 2008; 106: 950-958. doi: 10.1213/ane.0b013e3181618831
416. White PF, Tufanogullari B, Sacan O, et. al. Effect of residual neuromuscular blockade on the speed of reversal with sugammadex. Anesth Analg. 2009; 108: 846-845. doi: 10.1213/ane.0b013e31818a9932
417. Dai Y, Lee A, Critchlet LAH, White PF. Does thromboelastography predict postoperative thromboembolic events? A systematic review of the literature. Anesth Analg. 2009; 108: 734-742. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e31818f8907
418. White PF, Kehlet H, Liu S. Perioperative analgesia – What do we still know? Anesth Analg. 2009; 108: 1364-1367. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e3181a16835
419. White PF, Tufanogullari B, Taylor J, Klein K. Effect of pregabalin on preoperative anxiety and sedation levels: A dose-ranging study. Anesth Analg . 2009; 108: 1140-1145. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e31818d40ce
420. Barosa R, Barbosa RA, Santos SR, et al. Effects of cardiopulmonary bypass versus off-pump on propofol plasma concentration and depth of hypnosis. Clinics. . 2009; 64: 215-221. doi: 10.1590/S1807-59322009000300012
421. White PF, Tang J, Wender RH, et. al. Desflurane versus sevoflurane for maintenance of outpatient anesthesia: Effect on early vs. late recovery and coughing. Anesth Analg. 2009; 109: 387-393. doi:10.1213/ane.0b013e3181adc21a.
422. Duse G, Davia G, White PF. Improvement in psychosocial outcomes in chronic pain patients receiving intrathecal morphine infusions. Anesth Analg. 2009; 109: 1981-1986. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e3181bd1da2
423. White PF, Kehlet H. Improving postoperative pain management: What are the unresolved issues. Anesthesiology. 2010; 112: 220-225. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c6316e
424. White PF. Facilitating the recovery process: Who really benefits? Anesth Analg. . 2010; 110: 273-275.
425. Elvir-Lazo OL, White PF. Postoperative pain management after ambulatory surgery: Role of multimodal analgesia. Anesthesiol Clin. 2010; 28: 217-224. doi:10.1016/j.anclin.2010.02.011
426. White PF. Anesthesia versus analgesia – Assessing the analgesic effects of anesthetic drugs. Anesth Analg. 2010; 111: 88-89.
427. Elvir-Lazo OL, White PF: The role of multimodal analgesia in pain management after ambulatory surgery. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2010; 28: 697-703. doi: 10.1097/ACO.0b013e32833fad0a
428. Borghi B, DAddabbo M, White PF, et al. The use of prolonged peripheral nerve blockade after lower extremity amputation – The effect on symptoms associated with phantom limb syndrome. Anesth Analg. 2010; 111: 1308-1315. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e3181f4e848
429. White PF, Tang J, Wender RH, et al. The effects of oral ibuprofen and celecoxib in preventing pain, improving recovery outcomes and patient satisfaction after ambulatory surgery. Anesth Analg. . 2011; 112: 323-329. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e3182025a8a
430. White PF, Rosow CE, Shafer SL. The Scott Reuben Saga: One last retraction. Anesth Analg. 2011; 112: 512-515. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e318209736f
431. Scuderi P, White PF. Novel Therapies for Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting: Statistically-significant versus Clinically-meaningful Outcomes. Anesth Analg. 2011; 112: 750-752. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e31820d979c
432. Tognu A, Borghi B, Gullotta S, White PF. Ultrasound-guided posterior approach to brachial plexus for the treatment of upper phantom limb syndrome. Minerva Anestesiol. 2012; 78: 105-108.
433. Roppolo LP, Hatten B, Klein KW, White PF, Hynan LS, Pepe PE. A Prospective Study Comparing the Trachview Videoscope to Standard Direct Laryngoscopy for Orotracheal Intubation. Eur J Emerg Med. 2012; 19: 196-199.
434. Beaussier M, White PF, Raeder J. Is a negative meta-analysis of heterogenic studies on wound catethers sufficient to conclude that no additional studies are needed? Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. . 2012; 56: 396-397. doi:10.1111/j.1399-6576.2011.02604.x
435. White PF, Raeder J, Kehlet H. Ketorolac. Its role as part of a multimodal analgesic regimen. Anesth Analg. . 2012; 114: 250-254. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e31823cd524
436. Haas E, Onel E, Miller H, White PF. DepoFoam Bupivacaine, an Extended-Release Liposomal Local Analgesic: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Active-Controlled Study for Post-Hemorrhoidectomy Pain Management. Am Surg. 2012; 78: 574-581.
437. White PF, Zhao M, Tang J, et. al. Use of Disposable Acupressure Device as part of a Multimodal Strategy for Reducing Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting. Anesth Analg. 2012; 115: 31-37. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0b013e3182536f27
438. White PF, White LM, Monk TG, et. al. Perioperative Care for the Older Outpatient Undergoing Ambulatory Surgery. Anesth Analg. 2012; 114: 1190-1215. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0b013e31824f19b8
439. Borghi B, Tognu A, White PF, Paolini S, Aurini L, Bosco M. Soft Tissue Depression At the Iliac Crest Prominence: A new landmark for identifying the L4-L5 interspace. Minerva Anestesiol. 2012; 78: 1348-1356.
440. Abrao J, Fernandes CR, White PF, et al. Effects of local anesthetic infiltration with bupivacaine versus ropivacaine: A placebo-controlled study. Int Wound J. 2014; 11: 379-385. doi:10.1111/j.1742-481X.2012.01101.x
441. Borghi B, Aurini L, Mordenti S, Paolini S, Lolli F, White PF. Long-lasting beneficial effects of Periradicular Injection of Meloxicam for treating chronic low back pain and sciatica. Minerva Anesiol. 2013; 79: 370-378.
442. Lentschener C, Dousset B, White PF, Meliksetyan G, Samama CM. Misdiagnosis of an early postoperative upper limb deficit. J Anesth. . 2013; 27: 637-638. doi:10.1007/s00540-012-1551-y
443. Fang B, Wang H, Sun XJ, Li XQ, Ai CY, Tan WF, White PF, Ma H. Intrathecal transplantation of bone marrow stromal cells attenuates blood-spinal cord barrier disruption induced by spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury in rabbits. J Vasc Surg. 2013; 58: 1043-1052. doi:10.1016/j.jvs.2012.11.087
444. Maher DP, Wong W, White PF, et .al. Increased Postoperative Opioid Administration was Associated with a Greater Incidence of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Recurrence: A Retrospective Analysis. Br J Anaesth. 2014: 113: 88-94.
445. Aurini L, White PF. Anesthesia for the elderly outpatient. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2014; 27: 563-75. doi:10.1097/ACO.0000000000000135
446. White PF, Elvir L, Kariger R, et al. Does small-dose fentanyl improve perioperative outcomes in the ambulatory setting? Acta Anaesth Scand. 2015; 59: 56-64. doi: 10.1111/aas.12424
447. White PF. Pain Management for the elderly in the ambulatory setting. Pain Manag. 2015: 5; 233-236. doi:10.2217/pmt.15.2810
448. Eng M, White PF. Advances in the use of intravenous techniques in ambulatory anesthesia. Ambulatory Anesthesi. 2015: 2; 1-8.
449. Yumul R, White PF, et. al. Assessment of Preoperative Anxiety Using Visual Facial Anxiety Scale: An Alternative to the Verbal Rating Scale?. Anesthesiology & Pain Research. 2015.
450. Cao X, Cui Y, White PF, Tang J, Ma H. Central anticholinergic syndrome vs . idiosyncratic reaction triggered by a small IV dose of atropine. Acta AnaesthScandi. 2015.
451. Maher D, White PF. Proposed mechanisms for the association between opioid usage and cancer recurrence. J Clin Anesth. 2015; 15: 157-159. doi:10.1016/j.jclinane.2015.05.010
452. Elvir L, White PF, Maher DP, et al. Comparison of peripheral nerve blocks and local tissue infiltration for wrist surgery: Effect on anesthesia and recovery times. J Anesthesiology & Research. 2015.