Kuldeep K. Bhan, MD, PhD

Professor (Retired)
Department of Archaeology and Ancient History
Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
Baroda, Gujarat 390021, India


Dr. Bhan was a Professor in the Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda. Gujarat, India. Formerly, he was the Chair of the Department and the Director of the Archaeological Museum of the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda.
Dr. Bhan teaches South Asian archaeology and ancient technology. He was born in and raised in Srinagar (Kashmir) he completed his early schooling and Bachelor’s of Science from Kashmir University. He obtained his Masters, completed his PhD and Post Graduate Diploma in Museology from the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda. Over the past 25 years, Dr. Bhan has collaborated in major excavations at several important settlements of the Indus Civilization in Gujarat. Though these settlements are small but they were flourishing trade and craft production centers of Indus Civilization. He has also excavated numerous other settlements that belong to periods both preceding and following the Harappan cities.
His special expertise lies in ancient technologies and crafts, which has led him to study a broad range of cultural periods. As Director and Curator of the Archaeological Museum of the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, he has planned many exhibitions that have toured various places in India and abroad. At present, Dr. Bhan is overseeing the development of a digital artifact database to archive the vast array of antiquities excavated by the Department.

Research Interest

His research interest include: Indus Civilization, Ancient Technology and Ethnoarchaeology.

Scientific Activities


• (2008-2009) Visiting Research Scholar, International Center for the Japanese Studies, Kyoto, Japan
• (2007) Travel grant from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA to attend the 27th Annual South Asian Archaeological Conference
• (2005) Travel grants to attend European Association of South Asian Archaeologists, London
• (2005) Travel grants to attend symposium on Opening New Pathways for Indian Prehistory, dipartmento Di Archeologia – Sede Di Ravenna, Ravenna, Italy
• (1998) Travel grant from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA to attend the 27th Annual South Asian Archaeological Conference
• (1993-1994) Visiting Fellowship of Ancient India and Iran Trust and Wallace India Trust to carry out studies on the Pastoralism in Gujarat Department of Archaeology, Cambridge University, UK, and Italy for a period of 11 months
• (1992-1993) Visiting Fellowship of the Ford Foundation & Asian Cultural Council to Study Application of Computer in Archaeology and Museums at various Universities in east coast of USA for a period of 10 months
• (1989) Received Hari Om Ashram Prerit Shri Bhaikaka Inter – University Smarak Award for the best paper in Archaeology
• (1986) Received Travel Grant from Smithsonian Institution to participate in a conference at the University of Wisconsin, USA entitled Old Problems and New Perspective in South Asian Archaeology
• (1986) Received Travel Grant from the United States Information Agency to visit various Museums and Universities at Chicago, Washington DC, Philadelphia, Boston and New York
• (1979-1978) Fellowship to pursue PhD in Archaeology for the Archaeological Survey of India

• Life member of Indian Society of Prehistoric and Quaternary Studies (ISPQS)
• Life Member of the Rock Art Society of India (RASI)
• Life member ofthe Society of the South Asian Archaeologists (SOSAA)
• Member of Central Advisory Board of Archaeology, Govt. of India (CABA)
• Member of Identification of Literature on the History, Science and Technology in India, Ministry of Culture



1. Bhan KK, Vidale M. Technology and Craft Production of the Indus Civilization: Raw Materials, Manufacturing Techniques and Activity Area: Prehistroic Foundation. In: Chakrabarti DK, Makhanlal, eds. 2014: 263-308.
2. Bhan KK. Some Important Aspects of Technology and Craft Production in the Indus Civilization Presidential Address 74th India History, Section V; Archaeology Congress. Raneshwar University Cuttack, 2013: 1-32.
3. Bhan KK. Cultural Landscape in Gujarat from Seventh to Second Millennium BCE as reveled through Archaeological Investigation. Cultural Landscape. Indian Society of Landscape Architects. 2011; 102-118.
4. Bhan KK. Review of Prehistoric Culture of Gujarat and Need to develop Accurate Settlement Gazetteer, in Changing Perspective of Japan in South Asia in the New Asian Era: The State of Japanese Studies in India and other SAARC countries. Uno Takao, 2011: 325-354.
5. Bhan KK. Pastoralism in Late Harappan Gujarat: an ethnoarchaeological Approach, Occasional Paper 10, Linguistic, Archaeology and the Human Past. In: Toshiki O, Uesugi A, eds. Indus Project, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature Kyoto, Japan, 2011: 1-25.
6. Bhan KK. Review of Ethnoarchologiceal Research in Western India and Future Direction, Anthropology for Archaeology: Proceedings of the Professor Irawati Karve Birth Centenary Seminar, Deccan College Postgraduate and Research Insititute, Pune, 2007: 63-76.
7. Bhan KK. Towards an Understanding of the Medieval Glazed Pottery Manufacture from Lashkarshah, Khambhat, Gujarat. Man and Environment. 2006; 2: 90-95.
8. Bhan KK, Sonawane VH, Ajithprasad P, Pratapchandran S. A Harappan trading and craft production center at Gola Dhoro (Bagasra). Antiquity. 2005; 79(304).
9. Bhan KK, Sonawane VH, Ajithprasad P, Pratapchandran S. Excavations of an Important Harappan Trading and Craft Production Center at Gola Dhoro (Bagasra), on the Gulf of Kutch, Gujarat, India. Journal of Interdisciplinary and Archaeology. 2004; 1: 153-158.
10. Bhan KK. Monsoon Behavior and the Late Harappan Subsistence in Gujarat, Western India. In Monsoon and Civilizations. In: Yasuda Y, Shinde V, eds. Lustre Press Roli books, 2004: 242-273.
11. Bhan KK, Insoll T, Polya DA, Jarvis K. Towards an Understanding of the Carnelian Bead Trade from western India to Sub-Saharan Africa: The Application of UV- LA-ICP-MS to Carnelian from Gujarat, India and West Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science. 2004: 1161-1173.
12. 2 Bhan KK. 004: In the Sand Dunes of North Gujarat Sites in India: New Discoveries in Indus Civilization. In: Chakrabarti DK, ed. Marg Publication, Mumbai, 2004: 96-105.
13. Bhan KK, Kenoyer JM. Sidis and the Agate Bead Industry of western India in Sidis and Scholars: Essays on African India. In: Jairajbhoy CA, Alpers EA, eds. 2004: 42-60.
14. Bhan KK, Gowda D. Shell Working at Nagwada (North Gujarat) with specific reference to the Shell Industries of Harappan Tradition in Gujarat. Man and Environment. 2003; 51-80.
15. Bhan KK, Sonawane VH, Prasad PA, et al. Excavation at Bagasra: A Preliminary Report. Man and Environment. 2003; 21-50.
16. Bhan KK, Vidale M, Kenoyer JM. Some Important Aspects of Harappan Technology in Indian Archaeology in Retrospect. . In: Setter S, Korisetter R, eds. Protohistory: The Archaeology of Harappan CivilizationMonhor amd ICHR Publication. 2002: 223-271.
17. Bhan KK, Insoll T. Carnelian Mines in Gujarat. Antiquity. 2001; 45: 495-496.
18. Bhan KK, Mehta N, Krishnan K. A Preliminary Ethnoarchaeological Study of Copper/ Brass working in Western India, Rajasthan. Man and Environment. 2000; 2: 35-49.
19. Bhan KK, Vidale M, Kenoyer JM. Carnelian Bead Production in Khambhat, India: An Ethnoarchaeological Study. In: Allchin B, ed. Living Tradition: Studies in Ethnoarchaeology of South Asia.
20. Bhan KK. Cultural Development of the Prehistoric Period in North Gujarat with reference to Western India. South Asian Studies. Cambridge, 1994: 71-90.
21. Bhan KK, Vidale M, Kenoyer JM. Harappan Technology: Theoretical and Methodological Issues. Man and Environment. 1994: 141-157.
22. Bhan KKM, Vidale M, Kenoyer JM. Ethnoarchaeological Excavations of the Bead Making Workshop at Khambhat: A View Beneath the Floors. In: Gail AJ, Gred J, Mevissen R, eds. South Asian Archaeology. 1993: 273-287.
23. Bhan KK, Misra VN. Late Harappan Gujarat. The Eastern Anthropologist. 1992; 45(1-2): 173-192.
24. Bhan KK, Vidale M, Kenoyer JM. Discussion on the Concept of Chaine Operatories in the study of Stratified Society: evidence from ethnoarchaeology and archeology in Ethnoarchaeologie: Justification, Problems, Limites, 1992: 181-194.
25. Bhan KK, Vidale M, Kenoyer JM. Contemporary Stone Bead Making in Khambhat: pattern of craft specialization and organization of production as reflected in archaeological record. World Archaeology. 1991: 23(1): 44-62.
26. Bhan KK, Hegde KTM, Sonawane VH, Krishnan K, Prasad PA, Pratapchndran S. Excavations at Nagwada 1988-1989: A Preliminary Reportin Adaptations and other Essays. In: Gosh NC, Chakravarti S, eds. 1990.
27. Bhan KK. Late Harappan Settlement in Western India with Specific reference to western India in Old Problems and New Perspectives in South Asian Archaeology. In: Kenoyer JM, ed. Wisconsin University. Archaeological report. 1989: 219-242.
28. Bhan KK, Hegde KTM, Sonawane VH, Krishnan K, Prasad PA, Pratapchndran S. Excavations at Nagwada 1986-1987: A Preliminary Report. Man and Environment. 1988; 55-65.
29. Bhan KK. Exploration in Jamnagar District of Saurashtra, Gujarat. Man and Environment. 1986: 1-21.
30. Bhan KK, Hegde KTM, Sonawane VH. Excavations at Nageshwar: A Preliminary Report. Journal of the M. S. University of Baroda. 1985; 3-12.
31. Bhan KK. Early Historic Human Figured Terracotta Spouts from Jamnagar District of Gujarat. Journal of the M.S University of Baroda. 1985; 85-89.
32. Bhan KK. Archaeological Museum in Educational Institutions. Journal of Indian Museums. 1985; 12: 41-45.
33. Bhan KK, Kenoyer JM. Nageshwar: A Mature Harappan Shell Working Site on the Gulf of Kutch. Journal of Oriental Institute of Baroda. 1984; 34(1-2): 67-80.
34. Bhan KK. Report on the Special Exhibition Displaying Ancient Zinc Metallurgy. Journal of Indian Museums. 1984.
35. Bhan KK.Historic Terracotta Figure. Journal of Archaeological Series. 1983: 85-89.
36. Bhan KK. Nageshwar, An Industrial Center of Chalcolithic Period, Purtattva, 1982: 29-33.
37. Bhan KK. A Rare Vaikunth with Haygriva Face. Journal of the M. S. University of Baroda. 1979.