Julian Henderson, PhD

Professor and Chair
Department of Archaeology
University of Nottingham
Nottingham, UK



Dr. Henderson is currently Chair of the Archaeology Department in Nottingham University, UK. He has been Head of the School of Humanities, had visiting positions in Melbourne University, Oxford University and the University of Science and Technology, Beijing and have been an honorary visiting professorial fellow in Melbourne University. He was editor of the Journal of Archaeological Science for 11 years.

Research Interest

His research interests include Silk Road studies, especially in 9th and 10th centuries AD, the relationships between archaeology and science, the archaeology of prehistoric Europe and of the early Islamic Middle East and the technology and scientific characterisation of materials, especially glasses and glazes.

Scientific Activities


• Honorary MA, University of Oxford, conferred in 1989
• Elected Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London, 1990
• Elected to a Visiting Scholarship, St. John’s College, University of Oxford, 1997
• Appointed Honorary Professorial Visiting Fellow, University of Melbourne 2008
• Elected advisor on the steering group for a new centre for Archaeological Science in the University of Leuven, Belgium
• Elected to serve on the Natural Environmental Research Council Peer Review College
• Elected to serve on the Arts and Humanities Research Council Peer Review College
• Elected to serve on the Natural Environmental Research Council Isotope Geosciences Facilities Steering Committee
• Elected member of the Royal Archaeological Institute and to serve as a council member and as a member of the publications committee
• Appointed Visiting Research Associate at the British Geological Survey
• Appointed as a member of the advisory group for the Centre of Archaeological Science at the University of Vienna
• Appointed to the advisory group of a Leverhulme network grant (SOAS) on Early Islamic Archaeology
• On the academic advisory board of the International Dunuang project at the British Library



1. Henderson J. Some evidence for Iron Age glass-working in Britain. Antiquity. 1980; 54: 60-61.
2. Henderson J, Warren SE. X-ray fluorescence of Iron Age glass: beads from Meare and Glastonbury Lake Villages. Archaeometry. 1981; 23(1): 83-94.
3. Henderson J, Tournaire J, Buchsenschutz O, Collis JR. Iron Age coin moulds from France. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 1982; 48: 417-436.
4. Henderson J, Guido M, Cable M, Bailey J, Biek L. A Bronze Age glass bead from Wilsford, Wiltshire: Barrow G. 42 in the Lake group. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 1984; 50: 245-254.
5. Henderson J. The Raw Materials of Early Glass Production. Oxford Journal of Archaeology. 1985; 4(3): 267-291.
6. Henderson J. The glass from Castle Dore: archaeological and chemical significance. Cornish Archaeology. 1985; 24: 141-147.
7. Henderson J. Interactions of changes of technology and style: progress or stagnation, Chapter 2 in Technology and Style. Ceramics and civilization. 1986; 2.
8. Henderson J. The evidence for the local production of Iron Age glass in Britain, in La Verrerie protohistorique en Europe Occidentale, Montagnac. 1986; 14-22.
9. Henderson J. The earliest glass in Britain and Ireland, Chapter 1. In: Feugère M, ed. Le verre préromain en Europe occidentale. Libraire Archeologique Montagnac.
1986; 19-28.
10. Henderson J, Richards J, Janaway RC. A curious clinker. Journal of Archaeological Science. 1986; 14: 353-365.
11. Henderson J. The Iron Age of Loughey and Meare: some inferences from glass analysis. The Antiquaries Journal. 1987; 67(1): 29-42.
12. Henderson J. Glass production and Bronze Age Europe. Antiquity. 1986; 62: 435-451.
13. Henderson J. Electron probe microanalyses of mixed alkali glasse. Archaeometry. 1988; 30(Pt. 1): 77-91.
14. Henderson J. The nature of the Early Christian glass industry in Ireland: some evidence from Dunmisk Fort, Co. Tyrone. Ulster Journal of Archaeology. 1988; 51: 115-126.
15. Henderson J, Raftery B. Some glass beads of the Later Bronze Age in Ireland. Glasperlen der Vorromischen Eisenzeit II. Marburger Studien zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte. 1988; 9: 39-53.
16. Henderson J, Hackmann W, Mortimer C. Technical analysis of the ivory sundials, in P. Gouk The ivory sundials of Nuremberg 1500-1700. Whipple Museum of the History of Science, Cambridge, 1988: 71-75.
17. Henderson J, Wood N, Tregear M. The relationships between glass, enamel and glaze technologies: two case studies. In: McGovern P, ed. Cross-craft and cross-cultural interactions in ceramics, Ceramics and Civilization IV. American Ceramic Society. 1988: 315-346.
18. Henderson J. The scientific analysis of ancient glass, and its archaeological interpretation. In: Henderson J, ed. Scientific analysis in Archaeology, and its interpretation. Chapter 2. University of Oxford Committee for Archaeology Monograph No. 19 and University of California at Los Angeles, 1988: 30-62.
19. Henderson J, Raby J. The technology of fifteenth century Turkish tiles: an interim statement on the origins of the Iznik industry. World Archaeology. 1986; 21(1): 115-132. doi:
20. Henderson J, Tregear M. A technological investigation of 16th and 17th century Chinese enamels. Archaeometry. 1986; 32: 27-41.
21. Henderson J, Allan J. Enamels on Ayyubid and Mamluk glass Fragments. Archaeomaterials 4, 167-1831991 Some chemical and physical characteristics of ancient glass and its potential of scientific analysis. The Glass Circle. 1988; 7: 67-77.
22. Henderson J, Wood N, Tregear M. An examination of Chinese Fahua glazes. Proceedings of the 1989 International Symposium on ancient ceramics. Shanghai, China. 1990: 172-182.
23. Henderson J. A new look at old materials: archaeological meaning and the scientific analysis of obsidian, stone, copper alloys and glass, in Paleoecologia e Arquelogiaii II. Centro de Estudos Arqulogicos Fanalicenses, Vila Nova de Fanalicúo, 1988: 129-183.
24. Henderson J, Callmer J. Glassworking at Åhus, S. Sweden (eighth century AD). Laborativ Arkeologi 5, Archaeological Research laboratory, Stockholm University. 1986: 143-154.
25. Henderson J. Technological characteristics of Roman Enamels. Jewellery Studies. 1991; 5: 65-76.
26. Henderson J. Industrial specialisation in Late Iron Age Europe: organisation, location and distribution. Archaeological Journal. 1991; 148: 104-148.
27. Henderson J, Holand I. The glass from Borg, an early Medieval Chieftains Farm in northern Norway. Medieval Archaeology. 1989; 36: 39-58.
28. Henderson J, Ivens R. Dunmisk and glass-making in Early Christian Ireland. Antiquity. 1992; 66(250): 52-64. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00081035
29. Henderson J. A scientific analysis of the enamel decorating a gold medallion in the Walters Art Gallery. The Journal of the Walters Art Gallery. 1992; (49/50): 27-31.
30. Henderson J. Chemical Analysis of Glass and Faience from Hauterive-Champréveyre, Switzerland. In: Rychner-Faraggi, AM, ed. Hauterive-Champréveyres 9: Métal et parure au Bronze final. Neuchâtel: Musée cantonal d archéologie, 1989: 111-124.
31. Henderson J. Investigations into Marvered Glass 2, Islamic Art in the Ashmolean. In: Allan J, ed. Oxford Studies in Islamic Art. Oxford; Oxford University Press, 1989: 31-50.
32. Henderson J. Ancient Vitreous Materials. American Journal of Archaeology. 1989; 99(1): 117-121.
33. Henderson J, Glover IC. Early Glass in South East Asia and China, in South East Asia and China: Art, Interaction and Commerce, Colloquies on Art and Archaeology in Asia No. 17. The Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art. 1992; 141-170.
34. Henderson J, Mango M. Glass at medieval Constantinople: preliminary scientific evidence, in Constantinople and its Hinterland. In: Mango C, Dagron G, eds. Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies Publications. 1992; 3: 333-358.
35. Henderson J. Archaeotechnology: The Analysis of Ancient Glass Part I: Materials, Properties and Early European Glas. Journal of Materials. 1994; 47(Pt. 11): 62-68.
36. Henderson J. The Analysis of Ancient Glasses Part II: Luxury Roman and Early Medieval Glasses. Journal of Materials. 1994; 48(Pt. 2): 62-64.
37. Henderson J. New light on early Islamic industry: excavations in Raqqa, Syria. In: Wilson RJA, ed. From River Trent to Raqqa: Nottingham University archaeological fieldwork, 1991-1995, Nottingham Studies in Archaeology, Nottingham: Department of Archaeology, University of Nottingham, 1994: 59-71.
38. Henderson J, Sablerolles Y, Dijkman W. Early Medieval Glass Bead Making in Maastricht (Jodenstraat 30), The Netherlands, An archaeological and scientific investigation, Perlen, Archäologie, Techniken, Analysen, Kolloquien zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte band 1, 1994: 293-313.
39. Henderson J. Post-medieval glass production: production, characterisation and value, In: Kingery WD, McCray P, eds. The Prehistory and History of Glass and Glass Technology, American Ceramic Society, Westerville, Ohio, 1994: 33-59.
40. Henderson J, Tonghini PC. An eleventh century pottery production workshop at Al-Raqqa preliminary report. Levant. 1992; 113-127.
41. Henderson J, Henkes HE. The Spun-stem Roemer, a hitherto overlooked roemer type. Journal of Glass Studies. 1992; 40: 89-104.
42. Henderson J. Islamic Glass Production and the possible evidence for trade in a cobalt-rich colorant in. In: Ward R. Gilded and enamelled glass from the Middle East, British Museum Press, 1992, 116-121.
43. Henderson J. Scientific Analysis of Glass and Glaze from Tell Brak and its Archaeological Implications. In: Oates D, et al. Excavations at Yell Brak, British School of Archaeology in Iraq, 1989: 94-100.
44. Henderson J. Technological aspects of Anglo-Saxon glass beads. In: Guido M, ed. Chapter 14. The Glass beads of Anglo-Saxon England, Boydell Press, Society of Antiquaries. 1989: 81-88.
45. Henderson J, Archaeological and Scientific Evidence for the Production of Early Islamic Glass in al-Raqqa, Syria. Levant. 1989; 31: 225-240.
46. Henderson J. Una nueva caracterización? La investigación cientifica de las cuentas de fayenza encontradas en la Cova des Càrritx (Menorca, Sa Cometa des Morts (Mallorca), Son Maimó (Mallorca) y Este (Véneto, Italia. In: Lull V, Micó R, Herrada CR, Risch R, eds. La Cova des Cárritx y la Cova des Mussol, Ideología y sociedad en la prehistoria de Menorca, Barcelona:Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 1989; 631-641.
47. Henderson J. Chemical analysis of ancient Egyptian Glass and its interpretation. In: Nicholson P, Shaw J, eds. Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989: 206-224.
48. Henderson J. The production technology of Irish Early Christian glass with specific reference to beads and enamels. In: Price J, ed. Glass in Britain and Ireland AD 350-1100, British Museum Occasional Paper number, London: British Museum Press, 1991: 143-159.
49. Henderson J. Archaeological investigations of an Islamic industrial complex at Raqqa, Syria, Damaszener Mitteilingen. 1992; 11: 243-265.
50. Henderson J. Glass and Glazes, in Handbook of Archaeological Sciences. In: Brothwell DR, Pollard AM, eds. Wiley, 1992: 471-482.
51. Henderson J, Towle A, Bellintani P, Gambacurta G. Frattesina and Adria: report of the scientific analysis and early glass from Veneto, Padusa. 1989; 37: 7-68.
52. Henderson J. Tradition and experiment in 1st millennium AD glass production – the emergence of Early Islamic Glass technology in late antiquity. Accounts of Chemical Research. 1989; 35: 594-602. doi:10.1021/ar0002020
53. Henderson J. An archaeological and scientific study of Viking-age glass. In: Freke D, ed. Excavations on St Patricks Isle, Peel, Isle of Man 1982-88, Centre for Manx Studies Monographs 2, Liverpool University Press, 1992: 349-362.
54. Henderson J, Challis K, Gardner A, OHara S, Priestnall G. The Raqqa Ancient Industry Project. Antiquity. 2002; 76(291): 33-34.
55. Glass trade and chemical analysis: a possible model for Islamic glass production. In: Foy D, Nenna MD, eds. Échanges et commerce du verre dans le monde antique, Montagnac, 1992: 109-123.
56. Henderson J. Localized production or trade? Advances in the study of cobalt blue and Islamic glasses in the Levant and Europe. In: van Zelst L, ed. Patterns and Process, Festschrift in honor of Dr. Edward V. Sayre, Smithsonian Center for Materials Research and Education, Washington, DC, 1989: 227-247.
57. Henderson J. The archaeologist as a detective: scientific techniques and the investigation of past societies in Forensic Geoscience: Principles, Techniques an Applications, Geological Society, London, Special Publications. The Geological Society, London, 1989; 147-158.
58. Henderson J, Challis K, Gardner AR, Priestnall G, OHara SL. Corona Remotely-Sensed Imagery in Dryland Archaeology: The Islamic City of al-Raqqa. Syria Journal of Field Archaeology. 1992; 29: 139-153. doi:10.2307/3181489
59. Henderson J, Lester E, Hilal N. Porosity in ancient glass from Syria (c. 800 AD) using gas adsorption and atomic force microscopy. Surface and interface analysis. 1992; 36: 1323-1329.
60. Henderson J, McCloughlin S, McPhail D. Radical changes in Islamic glass technology: evidence for conservatism, and experimentation with new glass recipes. Archaeometry. 2004; 46: 439-468. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4754.2004.00167.x
61. Henderson J. Glass in the Middle East during the 1st millennium AD: a cross roads in technology. The National Palace Museum Monthly of Chinese Art. 2005; 263: 86-97 (in Chinese).
62. Henderson J, Challis K, OHara S, McLoughlin S, Gardner A, Priestnall G. Experiment and innovation: early Islamic industry at al-Raqqa, Syria. Antiquity. 1992; 79: 130-145. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00113754
63. Henderson J, Rutten F, Briggs D. Unlocking the secrets of ancient glass technology using ToF-SIMS. Spectroscopy Europe. 1989; 17(1): 24-31.
64. Henderson J, Evans JA, Sloane HJ, Leng MJ, Doherty C. The use of oxygen, strontium and lead isotopes to provenance ancient glasses in the Middle East. Journal of Archaeological Science. 2005; 32: 665-673. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2004.05.008
65. Henderson J, Roe M, Plant S, Andreescu-Treadgold I, Brown P. Characterisation of archaeological glass mosaics by electron microscopy and X-ray microanalysis. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2005; 26: 351-354.
66. Henderson J, Adams P, Mann J. Medieval and Post-Medieval Glass Finewares from Lincoln: an Investigation of the Relationships between Technology, Chemical compositions, Typology and Value. The Archaeological Journal. 2005; 162: 256-322. doi:10.1080/00665983.2005.11020626
67. Nikita K, Henderson J. Glass analyses from Mycenaean Thebes and Elateia: compositional evidence for a Mycenaean glass industry. Journal of Glass Studies. 2005; 48: 71-120.
68. Barkoudah Y, Henderson J. The use of halophytic plants in the manufacture of ancient glass: ethnographic evidence and the scientific analysis of plant ashes. Journal of Glass Studies. 2005; 48: 297-321.
69. McLoughlin S, McPhail D, Henderson J. The Balidon experiment: glass weathering and SIMS. Glass Technology. 2005.
70. Andreescu-Treadgold I, Henderson J. Glass from the mosaics on the west wall of Torcellos Basilica. Arte Medievale V. 2005; 87-141.
71. Towle A, Henderson J. The Glass Bead Game: Archaeometric evidence for the existence of an Etruscan glass industry. Etruscan Studies. 2005; 10: 47-66.
72. Henderson J, Evans J, Barkoudah Y. The roots of provenance: glass, plants and isotopes in the Islamic Middle East. Antiquity. 2009; 83: 414-429.
73. Rutten FJM, Briggs D, Henderson J, Roe M. The Application of Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) to the Characterisation of Ancient Glasses. Archaeometry. 2009; 51(6): 966-986.
74. Henderson J. The provenance of archaeological plant ash glasses. In: Shortland AJ, Freestone IC, Rehren T, eds. From Mine to Microscope, advances in the study of ancient technology. Oxford: Oxbow Books. 2008; 129-138.
75. Degryse P, Henderson J, Hodgin G. Isotopes and vitreous materials. Studies in Archaeological Sciences 1, Leuven University Press, 2008.
76. Boulogne S, Henderson J. Indian Glass in the Middle East? Medieval and Ottoman Glass Bangles from Central Jordan. Journal of Glass Studies. 2008; 51: 53-75.
77. Andreescu-Treadgold I, Henderson J. How does the glass of the wall mosaics at Torcello contribute to the study of trade in the 11th century? In: Mango M, ed. Byzantine Trade, 4th-12th centuries: the archaeology of local, regional and international exchange, Ashgate, 2009: 393-420.
78. Henderson J, Evans J, Nikita, J. Isotopic evidence for the primary production, provenance and trade of Late Bronze Age glass in the Mediterranean. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry. 2008; 10(1): 1-24.
79. Henderson J, Zakarias N. Nature, technology and provenance of archaeological glass. In: Liritsis I, Zakarias N, eds. Archaeomaterials. 2008. (in Greek).
80. Dijkstra M, Sablerolles Y, Henderson J. A travellers tale. Merovingian glass bead production at Rijnsburg, the Netherlands, Feschrift for Professor Johanne Callmer.2008.
81. Khalil I, Henderson J. An Interim Report on New Evidence for Early Islamic Glass Production at al-Raqqa, Northern Syria. Journal of Glass Studies. 2008; 53: 237-242.
82. Venclová N, Hulínsky V, Henderson J, Chenery S, Šulová L, Hložek J. Late Bronze Age mixed-alkali glasses from Bohemia, Archeologické rozhledy. 2005; 53-559-585.
83. Henderson J. The provenance of ancient glass: raw materials, chemistry and isotopes. The provenance of man-made glass and obsidian. In: Liritzis I, Stephenson C, eds. University of New Mexico Press, 2005.
84. Henderson J. The scientific investigation of middle bronze age and later beads from Deir Ain Abata, Jordan in Y. Politis, Excavations at Deir Ain Abata, Jordan, British Museum Press, 2005.
85. Ma H, Zhu J, Henderson J, Li N. Provenance of Zhangzhou export blue-and-white and its clay source. Journal of Archaeological Science. 2008; 39: 1218-1226. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2011.12.002
86. Meek A, Henderson J, Evans J. The isotopic analysis of English Forest glass from the Weald and Staffordshire. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectroscopy. 2008; 27: 786-795. doi:10.1039/C2JA10364H
87. Duckworth C, Henderson J, Rutten FJM, Nikita K. Opacifiers in late Bronze Age glasses: the use of ToF-SIMS to identify raw ingredients and production techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science. 2012; 39: 2143-2152. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2012.02.011
88. Duckworth CN, Cordoba de la Llave R, Faber E, Govantes Edwards DJ, Henderson J. Electron microprobe analysis of 9th-12th century Islamic glass from Cordoba, Spain. Archaeometry. 2008; 5: 27-50. doi:10.1111/arcm.12079
89. Montanari F, Miselli P, Boschetti C, Baraldi P, Henderson J, Leonelli C. Calibration and use of the heating microscope for indirect evaluation of the viscosity and meltability of archaeological glasses. International Journal of Applied Glass Science. 2008; 5: 161-177.
90. Ma H, Henderson J, Evans J. The exploration of Sr isotopic analysis applied to Chinese glazes: part one. Journal of archaeological science. 2008; 50: 551-558.
91. Henderson J, Evans J, Bellintani P, Bietti-Sestierri AM. Provenance and technology of mixed alkali glasses from northern Italy: an isotopic approach. J. Archaeological Science. 2008; 55: 1-8.


1. Henderson J. Scientific Analysis in Archaeology, and its interpretation. Oxford University Committee for Archaeology Monograph No. 19, 1999: 311.
2. Henderson J. Computers for Archaeologists. In: Ross S, Moffett J, eds. Oxford University Committee for Archaeology Monograph No. 18, 1999: 205.
3. Henderson J. The Bead Study Trust Catalogue of the Beck Collection, Part I – Europe, Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Cambridge, 1997: 160.
4. Henderson J. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Archaeometry, held at University of Illinois at Champagne, Urbana. In: Neff H, Rehren T, eds. Journal of. Archaeological Science. 1999; 28: 293.
5. Henderson J. The Science and Archaeology of Materials, London and New York: Routledge, 2000: 335.
6. Henderson J. Isotopes in vitreous materials. In: Degryse P, Hodgins G, eds. Leuven: Katholiek University of Leuven Press, 2008: 166.
7. Henderson J. Ancient glass: an interdisciplinary exploration, New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Paperback: 2016, 2013: 433.