Francesco Martines, MD, PhD

ENT Specialist, Audiology Research
Department of BioNec
University of Palermo 90100
Palermo, Italy


Dr. Martines received his Medical Doctor Degree in 27 July 1999-University of Palermo- voting of 110/110 cum laude. Otorhinolaryngology specialization degree in 03 November 2003-University of Palermo- voting of 50/50. PhD degree in Physiopathology of labyrinth diseases (XVIII Ciclo)-University of Palermo- in 17/03/2007. Audiology researcher in University of Palermo BioNeC Department from 12/2008. Dr. Martines is an Assistant professor from Academic year 2003/2004 to our days in Audiology in Infermieristica and in Speech therapy degree of the University of Palermo. Assistant professor in 2004/2005 in Anatomy and physiology of the speech and auditory organs Speech therapy degree of the Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences and Sport Blanquerna-University Ramon Llull di Barcellona. Assistant professor in 2004/05 in Otorhinolaryngology of the Medicine degree-Autonomy University of Barcellona (Spain). From 01/06/2004 to 30/06/2005 he attended the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of the University Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol-Badalona, Barcellona (Spain) directed by Prof. Enriquè Perellò Scherdel, taking part to: ward activity, surgery activity and identification of subjects qualified to receive a cochlear implant. From 01/09/2004 to 15/12/2005 he attended the Morphological Sciences-Department of Anatomy and Embryology Unit-Autonomy University of Barcellona (Spain) taking part to dissections classes of head and neck. From 18 December 2008 he is Researcher of Audiology in the University of Palermo.

Research Interest

His research interest include: Universal hearing screening, Cochlear implants, Hearing deafness and Hearing aids.

Scientific Activities


• (1999 to Present) Italian Society of Audiology (SIA)
• (2004 to Present) Italian Society of Otorhinolaryngology (SIO)


1. Martines E, Amodeo AM, Grisanti S, Martines F. Hereditary deafness recessive and consanguinity: epidemiological study in western Sicily. Audiologia Newsletter. 1998; 3: 5-7.
2. Martines E, Amodeo AM, Grisanti S, Martines F. Recessive hereditary deafness in western Sicily: epidemiological study of three cohorts. Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2000; 16: 19-22.
3. Saraniti C, Martines F, Caramanna C, In candela S, Dispenza C. The NHL piriform sinus: case report and literature review. Otorinolaringol. 2001; 51: 125-129.
4. Saraniti C, Martines F, Caramanna C, In candela S, Dispenza C. Laryngeal tuberculosis: a case report. Rev. Ital. Orl. Aud. Fon. 2001; 21: 89-91.
5. Martines F, Martines M. Race to the vaccine. C.N.T.N. (Weekly Christian-based). 2001; 2(4): 8.
6. Martines F, Cernigliaro G, Amico G, Restivo S. Rare case of foreign body thyroid. La Nuova Clinica ORL. 2002; 54(1-5).
7. Incandela S, Martines F. Calcification of the ear cartilage in a patient with renal failure: a case report. New Clinic ENT. 2002; 54: 6-9.
8. Scotto E, Vecchio A, Ferro A, Pintacrona C, Martines M, Martines F. Motivating factors of cephalalgia during the age of development: personal experience. Acta Pediatric Mediterranean. 2003; 19: 217-224.
9. Martines F, Grisanti S, Maggio O, Martines E. Medical therapy of autoimmune deafness. Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2003; 19: 183-186.
10. Martines F, Di Franco G, Maggio O, et al. Large vestibular aqueduct syndrome: personal experience and literature review. Otorinolaringol. 2003; 53: 1-7.
11. Martines F, Ferrara S, Martines E, Tinè G, Ferrara P. Effects of electromagnetic fields on hearing evaluated by ABR: preliminary results. Audiology Newsletter. 2003; 7: 3-14.
12. Cespuglio D, Maggio M, Maggio O, Martines F, Martines E. Tinnitus: epidemiology. Acta Pediatric Mediterranean. 2005; 21: 29-31.
13. Scotto E, Martines M, Martines F. Clinical evolution of asthma from early childhood to development age. Acta Pediatric Mediterranean. 2005; 21: 147-151. 14. Dispenza C, Saraniti C, Ferrara S, Martines F, Caramanna C, Salzano FA. Frontal sinus osteoma and palpebral abscess: case report. Rev Laryngol. Otol. Rhinol. 2005; 126: 1: 49-51.
15. Grisanti GM, Martines F, Martines E. Important role in the assessment of OAE of tinnitus in childhood. Acta Pediatric Mediterranean. 2005; 21: 81-84.
16. Martines F, Di Franco G, Maggio O, Saraniti C, Martines E. Wide vestibular aqueduct syndrome and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO): case report. Otorinolaringol. 2005; 55: 257-261.
17. Maggio M, Martines F, e Mucia M, Maggio O. A Multifactorial pattern for the understanding of the psychological development of the child with impaired hearing and its clinical-therapeutic implications. Acta Pediatrica Mediterranea. 2006; 22: 41-44.
18. Maggio M, Martines F, Mucia M, Puccio R, Maggio O. Unilateral sensorineural hearing loss in scholastic age subjects: psychopedagogical aspects. Acta Pediatrica Mediterranea. 2006; 22: 125-127.
19. Maggio M, Maggio O, Mucia M, et al. The scholastic integration process of the imparied child in the province of Palermo: a cognitive survey. Acta Pediatrica Mediterranea. 2006; 22: 159-162.
20. Martines F, Porrello M, M. Ferrara M, e Martines M, Martines E. Newborn hearing-screening project using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions: western sicily experience. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 2007; 71: 107-112. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2006.09.011
21. Martines F, Martines E, Casamitjana F, Perellò E. Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor of the Larynx: Case report. Anales O.R.L. IBERO-AMERICANOS. 2007; 35(2): 201-208.
22. Martines F, Martinciglio G. VEMPs: clinical applications and personal experience. Otorinolaringol. 2008; 58: 137-140.
23. Martines F, Martinciglio G, Bucalo C, Banco A. Neurovascular conflict in patient with tinnitus and essential hypertension: case report. Otorinolaringol. 2008; 58: 191-196.
24. Martines F, Immordino V. Arteriovenous malformation of the base lingua in pregnancy: case report. Acta Otorhinolaryngol. Ital. 2009; 29: 274-278.
25. Martines F, Pangaro A, Martines E. Ménières diseases and neurovascular cross-compression: case report. Otorinolaringol. 2009; 59: 65-69.
26. Martines F, Martines E. Tinnitus: a vision for research. La Nuova Clinica ORL. 2009; 59: 51-55.
27. Martines F, Di Piazza F, Martinciglio G, Bentivegna D, Martines E. Tubal function in divers and non-divers: case control study. Otorinolaringol. 2009; 59: 203-207.
28. Martines F, Bentivegna D, Di Piazza F, Martinciglio G, Sciacca V, Martines E. The point prevalence of otitis media with effusion among primary school children in Western Sicily. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2010; 267: 709-714.
29. Martines F, Bentivegna D, Martines E, Sciacca V, Martinciglio G. Characteristics of tinnitus with or without hearing loss: clinical observations in Sicilian tinnitus patients. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2010; 37: 685-693.
30. Martines F, Martinciglio G, Martines E, Bentivegna D. The role of atopy in otitis media with effusion among primary school children: audiological investigation. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2010; 267: 1673-1678. doi: 10.1007/s00405-010-1297-9
31. Martines F, Bentivegna D, Martines E, Sciacca V, Martinciglio G. Assessing audiological, pathophysiological and psychological variables in tinnitus patients with or without hearing loss. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2010; 267: 1685-1693. doi: 10.1007/s00405-010-1302-3
32. Martines F, Bentivegna D, Di Piazza F, Martines E, Sciacca V, Martinciglio G. Investigation of tinnitus patients in Italy: clinical and audiological characteristics. Int J Otolaryngol. doi: 10.1155/2010/265861
33. Martines F, Bentivegna D, Ferrara S. Aural foreign body in adult. La Nuova Clinica ORL. 2011; 60: 3-6.
34. Martines F, Martines E. The pathology hearing in old age. New Clinic ENT. 2011; 60: 7-17.
35. Martines F, Bentivegna D, Maira E, Sciacca V, Martines E. Risk factors for otitis media with effusion: Case-control study in Sicilian school children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2011; 75(6): 754-759.
36. Martines F, Dispenza F, Gagliardo C, Martines E, Bentivegna D. Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss as Prodromal Symptom of Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Infarction. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol. Relat. Spec. 20111; 73(3): 137-140. doi: 10.1159/000327523
37. Martines F, Martines E, V. Sciacca, Bentivegna D. Otitis media with effusion with or without atopy: audiological findings on primary school children. Am J Otolaryngol. 2011; 32(6): 601-606. doi: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2010.08.002
38. Martines F, Maira E, Ferrara S. Age-related hearing impairment (ARHI): a common sensory deficit in the elderly. Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2011; 27: 47-52.
39. Ferrara S, Di Marzo M, Martines F, Ferrara P. Otitis media atelettasica, adhesive, timpanosclerotica: update medical and surgical. Otorinolaringol. 2011; 61: 11-17.
40. Martines F, Bentivegna D. Audiological investigation of Otitis Media in Children with Atopy. Curr allergy Asthma Rep. 2011; 11: 513-520. doi: 10.1007/s11882-011-0228-1.
41. Martines F, Martines E, Tinè G. Non-thermal effects on human auditory system by EMF 915 mhz GSM: case-control study. Medical Biotechnologies and Forensic Medicine Review. 2011; 1: 321-320.
42. Martines F, Bentivegna D, Martines E. Otitis media with effusion among primary school children: personal experience. Medical Biotechnologies and Forensic Medicine Review. 2011; 1: 321-330.
43. Dispenza F, De Stefano A, Marchese D, Martines F, Dispenza C. Management of laryngeal precancerous lesions. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2012; 39: 280-283. doi: 10.1016/j.anl.2011.08.002
44. Martines F, Bentivegna D, Maira E, Marasà S, Ferrara S. Cavernous haemangioma of the external auditory canal: clinical case and review of the literature. Acta Otorhinolaryngol. Ital. 2012; 32, 54-57.
45. Martines F, Bentivegna D, Ciprì S, Costantino C, Marchese D, Martines E. On the threshold of effective well infant nursery hearing screening in Western Sicily. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2012; 76: 423-427. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2011.12.024
46. Martines F, Bentivegna D, Bartolone A, Dispenza F, Salvago P, Martines E. Audiologic profile of infants at risk: experience of a Western Sicily tertiary care centre. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2012; 76: 1285-1291. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2012.05.020.
47. Bentivegna D, Salvago P, Agrifoglio M, et al. The linkage between upper respiratory tract infections and otitis media: Evidence of the united airways concept. Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2012; 28(3): 287-290.
48. Martines F, Agrifoglio M, Bentivegna D, et al. Treatment of tinnitus and dizziness associated vertebrobasilar insufficiency with a fixed combination of cinnarizine and dimenhydrinate. Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2012; 28(3): 291-296.
49. Ballacchino A, Martines F, Gallina S, Speciale R. Panic disorder and the vestibular system. Otoneurologia. 2012; (40): 11-13.
50. Gagliardo C, Martines F, Bencivinni F, Latona G, Casto ALO, Midiri M. Intratumoral Haemorrhage Causing an Unusual Clinical Presentation of a Vestibular Schwannoma. Neuroradiology Journal. 2013; 26(1): 30-34. doi: 10.1177/197140091302600105
51. Martines F, Martines E, Mucia M, Sciacca V, Salvago P. Prelingual sensorineural hearing loss and infants at risk: Western Sicily report. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2013; 77(4): 513-518. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2012.12.023
52. Cocuzza S, Bonfiglio M, Grillo C, et al. Post laryngectomy speech rehabilitation outcome in elderly patients. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. 2013; 270 (6): 1879-1884. doi: 10.1007/s00405-013-2430-3
53. Salvago P, Martines E, Martines F. Prevalence and risk factors for sensorineural hearing loss: Western Sicily overview. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. 2013; 270: 3049-3056. doi: 10.1007/s00405-013-2379-2.
54. Martines F, Martines E, Ballacchino A, Salvago P. Speech perception outcomes after cochlear implantation in prelingually deaf infants: The Western Sicily experience. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2013; 77(5): 707-713. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2013.01.023
55. Piro E, Consiglio V, Agrifoglio M, et al. Diagnosis and follow-up of complex congenital malformations/mental retardation (MRA/MR). Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2013; 29(2): 321-325.
56. Ballacchino A, Mucia A, Cocuzza S, et al. Newborn hearing screening in Sicily: lesson learned. Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2013; 29: 731-734.
57. Serra A, Andaloro C, Castro V, et al. Atypical presentation of ramsay hunt syndrome without facial palsy in an immunocompetent young male. Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2013; 29: 803-806.
58. Strazzulla A, Cocuzza S, Pinzone MR, et al. Isolated laryngeal leishmaniasis in a 55-year-old man with dysphonia and rheumatoid arthritis: case report and literature review. Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2013; 29: 807-810.
59. Martines F, Ballacchino A. Tinnitus and instability associated with vertebrobasilar insufficiency. Take Care (Year III). 2013; 1: 1-4.
60. Martines E, Messina A, Martines F. DellArlevertan therapeutic efficacy study in association with the Otofisk in the presence of vertiginous symptoms and tinnitus related to damage of the way audio-vestibular (peripheral and central) to probable cause vascular. Take Care (Year III). 2013; 3-4: 6-8.
61. Bartolotta C, Salvago P, Cocuzza S, Fabiano C, Sammarco P, Martines F. Identification of D179H, a novel missense GJB2 mutation in a Western Sicily family. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. 2014; 271: 1457-1461. doi: 10.1007/s00405-013-2613-y.
62. Ferrara S, Salvago P, Mucia M, Ferrara P, Sireci F, Martines F. Follow-up after pediatric myringoplasty: outcome at 5 years. Otorinolaringol. 2014; 64: 141-146.
63. Cannizzaro E, Cannizzaro C, Plescia F, et al. Exposure to ototoxic agents and hearing loss: A review of current knowledge. Hearing, Balance and Communication. 2014; 12: 166-175. doi: 10.3109/21695717.2014.964939
64. Martines F, Salvago P, Cocuzza S, et al. Essential of audiology: screening and post screening. Italian Journal of Pediatrics. 2014; 40(Suppl 1): A55. doi: 10.1186/1824-7288-40-S1-A55
65. Salvago P, Martines E, La Mattina E, et al. Distribution and phenotype of GJB2 mutations in 102 Sicilian patients with congenital non syndromic sensorineural hearing loss. Int J Audiol. 2014; 53(8): 558-563. doi: 10.3109/14992027.2014.905717
66. Martines F, Salvago P, Bartolotta C, et al. A genotype-phenotype correlation in Sicilian patients with GJB2 biallelic mutations. Eur Arch of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. 2014; 272(8): 1857-1865. doi: 10.1007/s00405-014-2970-1
67. Martines F, Salvago P, Ferrara S, Mucia M, Gambino A, Sireci F. Parietal subdural empyema as complication of acute odontogenic sinusitis: a case report. Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2014; 8: 282. doi: 10.1186/1752-1947-8-282
68. Mucia M, Salvago P, Brancato A, et al. Upper respiratory tract infections in children: From case history to management. Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2015; 2: 419-424.
69. Martines F, Sireci F, Cannizzaro E, et al. Clinical observations and risk factors for tinnitus in a Sicilian cohort. Eur Arch of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. 2015. doi: 10.1007/s00405-014-3275-0
70. Martines F, Salvago P, Costanzo R, et al. Extramedullary plasmacytoma of the tonsil: a new management. Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2015; 3: 603-606.
71. Ballacchino A, Salvago P, Cannizzaro E, et al. Association between sleep-disordered breathing and hearing disorders: clinical observation in sicilian patients. Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2015; 3: 607-614.
72. Martines F, Patti A, Battaglia G, et al. Effects of tinnitus on postural control and stabilization: a pilot study. Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2015; 4: 907-912.
73. Plescia F, Cannizzaro E, Brancato A, et al. Acetaldehyde effects in the Brain. Acta Medica Mediterranea. 2015; 4: 813-817.
74. Martines F, Ballacchino A, Sireci F, et al. Audiologic profile of OSAS and simple snoring patients: the effect of chronic nocturnal intermittent hypoxia on auditory function. Eur Arch of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. 2015. doi: 10.1007/s00405-015-3714-6