Donald M. Hilty, MD

Associate Chief of Staff, Mental Health
Northern California Veterans Affairs Health System
10535 Hospital Way, Mather, CA 95655
Professor, and Vice-Chair, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences
University of California, Davis School of Medicine


Dr. Hilty is a scholar and leader in psychiatric and medical education, clinical services, faculty development, administration, and telemedicine. He is Vice-Chair of Education, Chief of Psychiatric Services, Director of Medical Student Education and a Clinical Scholar at the Keck School of Medicine at USC and Los Angeles County. His research involves health services, consultation-liaison models of care, medical education, mood disorders and genomics in underserved medical populations. He is Co-Investigator of an AHQR RCT comparing synchronous and asynchronous telepsychiatry and a Member of the international Genomics Psychiatry Consortium, now centered at USC. He is also the former Director and Developer of the 5-year MD/MPH UC Davis Rural Program in Medical Education. Dr. Hiltys specific educational interests include pedagogy, evaluation and distance education. Dr. Hilty has authored over 140 articles, chapters, book reviews, and/or books. He has participated in over 100 peer-reviewed presentations as a member of the Association for Academic Psychiatry (AAP), the Academy for Psychosomatic Medicine, the American Telemedicine Association (ATA), and the American Psychiatric Association (APA). He chaired or vice-chaired the Annual Meetings of five APA Scientific Program Committees, two AAP Program Committees and one regional AAMC Program Committee. He recently joined the American College of Psychiatry and he is currently writing Treatment Guidelines in a project of the American Psychiatric Association and Institute of Medicine, as well as the Child and Adolescent Telemental Health Guideline for the ATA. The foundations for his work with others include integration of learning/teaching styles, interdisciplinary collaboration, teamwork, and tenets of culture, diversity and community.

Research Interest

His research interest include: Health services, Telemedicine and other technologies, Mood disorders and Education and program evaluation.

Scientific Activities

• American Psychiatric Association Early Career Psychiatrist Award, (1996)
• Junior Faculty Development Award, Association for Academic Psychiatry, (1997)
• Telepsychiatry Expert, “Breakfast with the Experts,” Annual Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, Multiple, (1999)
• Fellow, Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine, (1999)
• Future Leaders of Psychiatry, Emory University, (2001)
• National Leadership Award, United States Congress, (2002)
• Fellow, American Psychiatric Association, (2003-2010)
• Academic Psychiatry Expert, “Breakfast with the Experts,” 157th Annual Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, Atlanta, GA, Multiple, (2005)
• Community Service Award, Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance, Sacramento, (2005)
• Sacramento Magazines Top Physicians, Multiple, (2005-2013)
• Best Doctors of America, (2005-2007)
• Marvin Miller Lifetime Achievement Award, for Significant Contribution to Technology and Psychiatry, American Association of Technology in Psychiatry, (2007)
• Distinguished Lifetime Fellow Award, Association for Academic Psychiatry, (2007)
• Distinguished Service Award, Rural Program in Medical Education, University of California, Davis School of Medicine, (2007)
• Alpha Omega Alpha, National Honor Society, nominated by University of California, Davis School of Medicine, (2008-2010)
• Distinguished Fellow, American Psychiatric Association, (2010-2013)
• Member, American College of Psychiatry, (2013-Present)


• American Psychiatric Association, (1992)
• Member, Northern California Psychiatric Society, (1992-1995)
• Member, Central California Psychiatric Society, (1995)
• Member, Association for Academic Psychiatry, (1995)
• Member, American Neuropsychiatric Association, (1995-2009)
• Member, American Telemedicine Association, (1997-1998)
• Examiner, American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, (1998-2010)
• Senior Examiner, American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, (2007-2010)
• Member, West Coast College of Biological Psychiatry, (1998-2008)
• Faculty, Center for Healthcare Policy and Research (formerly Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care), University of California, Davis, (1998-2001)
• Member, American Association of Technology in Psychiatry, (2001)
• Officer including President, Association for Academic Psychiatry, (2000-2007)
• Member, Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry, Education Committee, (2008-Present)



1. Valan MN, Hilty DM. Incidence of delirium in patients referred for evaluation of depression. Psychosomatics. 1996; 37(2): 190-191.
2. Hales RE, Hilty DM, Wise MG. A treatment algorithm for the management of anxiety in primary care practice. J Clin Psychiatry. 1997; 58(3): 76-80.
3. Worley LLM, Kunkel EJS, Hilty DM. “How C-L Services Can Comply with New HCFA Guidelines.” Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1998; 20: 160-169. doi: 10.1016/S0163-8343(98)00011-5
4. Callahan EJ, Hilty DM, Nesbitt TS. Patient satisfaction with telemedicine consultation in primary care: a comparison of ratings of medical and mental health applications. Telemedicine J. 1998; 4: 363-369. doi: 10.1089/tmj.1.1998.4.363
5. Hilty DM, Brady KT, Hales RE. A review of bipolar disorder among adults. Psychiatric Services. 50: 201-213.
6. Hilty DM, RF Lim, Hales RE. The psychotic patient. Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice. 1999; 26: 327-348.
7. Hilty DM, ME Servis, Nesbitt TS, et al. The use of telemedicine to provide consultation-liaison service to the primary care setting. Psychiatric Annals. 1999; 29: 421-427.
8. Kunkel EJS, Worley LL, Monti DA, Hilty DM, Hansen-Grant S, Goldberg RJ. Follow-up consultation billing and documentation. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1999; 21(3): 197-208. doi: 10.1016/S0163-8343(99)00016-X
9. Hilty DM, Hales RE, Wise MG, Kunkel EJS. A rational selection of antidepressants for the treatment of depression in primary care practice. Primary Psychiatry. 1999; 6: 56-74.
10. Hilty DM, Nesbitt TS, Hales RE, et al. The use of telemedicine by academic psychiatrists for the provision of care in the primary care setting. Medscape Mental Health. 2000; 5: 1-11.
11. Hilty DM, Kelly RH, Hales RE. Diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorder in pregnant women. Primary Care Update OB/GYN. 2000; 7: 105-112. doi: 10.1016/S1068-607X(00)00030-5
12. Nesbitt TS, Hilty DM, Kuenneth T, Siefkin A. Development of a successful telemedicine program: a review of 1,000 videoconferencing consultations. Western J Med. 2000; 173: 169-174.
13. Servis ME, Hilty DM. Psychiatry and primary care: new directions in education. Harvard Rev Psychiatry. 2000; 8(4): 206-209.
14. Luo J, RE Hales, Hilty DM, et al. Clinical computing: electronic sign-out using a personal digital assistant. Psychiatric Services. 2001; 52: 173-174.
15. Zatzick D, Le L, Franz C, et al. A patient-centered approach to outcome assessment after traumatic injury. Med Care. 2001; 39: 327-339.
16. Hilty DM, Bourgeois JA, Chang CH, et al. Somatization disorder. Current Treatment Options in Neurology. 2001; 3: 305-320.
17. Hilty DM, Hales RE, Servis ME, et al. Algorithms for the diagnosis and management of anxiety disorders in primary care. Primary Psychiatry. 2001; 8(8): 58-67.
18. Hilty DM, Hales RE, Kunkel EJS, et al. Rational selection of antidepressants in primary care. Primary Psychiatry. 2001; 8(8): 50-57.
19. Lim R.F, Hilty DM, Jerant AF. An algorithm for treating psychotic disorders in primary care. Primary Psychiatry. 2001; 8(8): 68-74.
20. Liberman R.P, Hilty DM, Drake RE, et al. Requirements for multidisciplinary teamwork in psychiatric rehabilitation. Psychiatric Services. 2001; 52: 1331-1342.
21. Harris ES, Neufeld J, Hales RE, Hilty DM. A survival strategy for an academic department of psychiatry in a managed care environment. Psychiatric Services. 2000; 52: 1654-1655.
22. Hales RE, Hilty DM, Brunson G. Cost savings with nefazodone in treating depression. J Clin Psychiatry. 2001; 63 (Suppl 1): 48-51.
23. Hilty DM, Luo JS, Morache C, et al. Telepsychiatry: What is it and what are its advantages and disadvantages? CNS Drugs. 2002; 16(8): 527-548.
24. Bourgeois JA, Chang CH, Hilty DM, et al. Clinical manifestations and management of conversion disorder. Current Treatment Options in Neurology. 2002; 6(4): 487-497. doi: 10.1007/s11940-002-0016-2
25. Hilty DM, Nesbitt TS, Marks SL, et al. How telepsychiatry affects the doctor-patient relationship: communication, satisfaction, and additional clinically relevant issues. Primary Psychiatry. 2002; 9(9): 29-34.
26. Bourgeois JA, Hilty DM, Klein SC, et al. Expansion of the consultation-liaison psychiatry paradigm at a university medical center: integration of diversified clinical and funding models. General Hospital Psychiatry. 2003; 25: 262-28. doi: 10.1016/S0163-8343(03)00040-9
27. Hilty DM, Liu W, Marks SL, et al. Effectiveness of telepsychiatry: a brief review. Can Psychiat Asso Bull. 2003; 10-17.
28. Hilty DM, Marks SL, Urness D, et al. Clinical and educational applications of telepsychiatry: a review. Can J Psychiat. 2004; 49(1): 12-23.
29. Hilty DM, Bourgeois JA, Nesbitt TS, et al. Cost issues with telepsychiatry in the United States. International Psychiatry. 2004; 3: 6-8.
30. Sugden SG, Bourgeois JA, Kile SJ, Hilty DM. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome with dermatological complications. J Clin Psychopharm. 2004; 24(6): 676-678. doi: 10.1097/
31. Nesbitt TS, Yellowlees PM, Hogarth MA, Hilty DM. Rural healthcare in the digital age: the role of information and telecommunication technologies in the future of rural health. Institute of Medicine. 2004.
32. Bourgeois JA, Hilty DM, Chang CH, et al. Post-stroke neuropsychiatric illness: an integrated approach to diagnosis and management. Curr Treatment Options Neurology. 2004; 6: 403-420. doi: 10.1007/s11940-996-0031-9
33. Hilty DM, Ingraham RL, Yang SP, et al. Multispecialty phone and email consultation to primary care providers for patients with developmental disabilities in rural California. J Telemed E-Health. 2004; 10: 413-421. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2004.10.413
34. Marcin JP, Nesbitt TS, Cole SL, et al. Changes in diagnosis, treatment, and clinical improvement among patients receiving telemedicine consultations. J Tel e-Health. 2005; 11(1): 36-43. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2005.11.36
35. Bourgeois JA, Hilty DM, Chang CH, et al. Post-stroke psychiatric syndromes: diagnosis and pharmacologic management. Applied Neurology. 2005.
36. Bourgeois JA, Hilty DM, Servis ME, et al. Consultation-liaison psychiatry: advantages for healthcare systems. Dis Management Health Outcomes. 2005; 13(2): 93-106. doi: 10.2165/00115677-200513020-00003
37. Hilty DM, Bourgeois JA, SG Sugden, et al. An integrated neuropsychiatric approach to diagnosis and management of patients presenting with epileptic seizures. Current Treatment Options in Neurology. 2005; 7(5): 389-402. doi: 10.1007/s11940-005-0031-1
38. Ton H, Koike A, Hales RE, Johnson J, Hilty DM. A qualitative needs assessment for development of a cultural consultation service. Transcultural Psychiatry. 2005; 42(3): 491-504. doi: 10.1177/1363461505055629
39. Hilty DM, Maynes SM, Kellner MJ, et al. A day in the life of a psychiatry resident: a pilot qualitative analysis. Academic Psychiatry. 2005; 29(4): 405-407. doi: 10.1176/appi.ap.29.4.405
40. Hilty DM, Yellowlees PM, Cobb HC, et al. Models of telepsychiatric consultation-liaison service to rural primary care. Psychosomatics. 2006; 47(2): 152-157. doi:10.1176/appi.psy.47.2.152
41. Hilty DM, Hales DJ, Briscoe G, et al. APA Summit on Medical Student Education Task Force on Informatics and Technology: how to learn about computers and apply computers to learning and practice. Acad Psychiatry. 2006; 30(1): 29-35. doi:10.1176/appi.ap.30.1.29
42. Kile SJ, Bourgeois JA, Sugden S, Chang CH, Servis ME, Hilty DM. Neurobehavioral sequelae of traumatic brain injury. Neurorehabilitation. 21: 3-7.
43. Hilty DM, Leamon MH, Lim RF, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorder in the primary care setting. Primary Psychiatry. 2006; 13(7): 77-85.
44. Hilty DM, Yellowlees PM, Cobb HC, et al. Use of secure e-mail and telephone psychiatric consultations to accelerate rural health care delivery. J Tel e-Health. 2006; 12(4): 490-495. doi:10.1089/tmj.2006.12.490
45. Brook M, Hilty DM, Liu W. Psychiatric discharges against medical advice: A review of the literature. Psychiatric Services. 2006; 57: 1192-1198.
46. Hilty DM, Seritan AL, McCarron RM, et al. Psychopharmacology for neurologists: principles of diagnosis and medication selection for mood, anxiety and psychotic disorders. Continuum: Lifelong Learning Neurol. 12(5): 33-45.
47. Sugden SG, Kile SJ, Farrimond DD, et al. Pharmacological intervention for cognitive deficits and aggression in frontal lobe injury. NeuroRehabilitation. 2006; 21: 3-7.
48. Hilty DM, Bourgeois JA, Chang CH, et al. Diagnostic and treatment interventions for hypochondriasis in the neurology setting. Current Treatment Options in Neurology. 2006; 8: 401-406.
49. Bourgeois JA, Hilty DM, Wegelin JE, et al. Cognitive-disorder diagnoses in inpatient psychosomatic medicine consultations: associations with age and length of stay. Psychosomatics. 47: 414-420. doi:10.1176/appi.psy.47.5.414
50. Hilty DM. The present and the future interface of technology and medical education. Acad Psychiatry. 2006; 30(6): 437-438. doi: 10.1176/appi.ap.30.6.437
51. Hilty DM, Benjamin S, Briscoe GE, et al. APA Summit on Medical Student Education Task Force on Informatics and Technology: steps to enhance the use of technology in education through faculty development, funding and change management. Acad Psychiatry. 2006; 30(6): 444-450. doi: 10.1176/appi.ap.30.6.444
52. Yellowlees PM, Hogarth MA, Hilty DM. The development of distributed academic networks in America. Acad Psychiatry. 2006; 30(6): 451-455.
53. Luo JL, Hilty DM, Worley LLM, Yager J. Considerations in change management related to technology. Acad Psychiatry. 2006; 30(6): 465-469. doi: 10.1176/appi.ap.30.6.465
54. Hilty DM, Alverson D, Yellowlees PM, et al. Innovations in education: virtual reality, simulation & other technologies. Acad Psychiatry. 2006; 30(6): 528-533.
55. Hilty DM, Yellowlees PM, Nesbitt TS. Evolution of telepsychiatry to rural sites: change over time in types of referral and PCP knowledge, skill, and satisfaction. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2006; 28(5): 367-373. doi: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2006.05.009
56. Hilty DM, Leamon MH, Lim RF, et al. A review of bipolar disorder in adults. Psychiatry. 2006; 43-55.
57. Bourgeois JA, Hilty DM, Wegelin JE, et al. Cognitive-disorder diagnoses in inpatient psychosomatic medicine consultations: the effect of consultation timing on length of stay. Psychosomatics. 2006; 47(5): 414-420.
58. Neufeld JD, Bourgeois JA, Hilty DM, et al. The e-Mental Health Consult Service: providing enhanced primary care mental health services through telemedicine. Psychosomatics. 2007; 48: 135-141.
59. Hilty DM, Nesbitt TS, Kuenneth TA, et al. Telepsychiatric consultation to primary care: rural vs. suburban needs, utilization and provider satisfaction. J Rural Health. 2007; 23(2): 163-165.
60. Hilty DM, Marks SL, Wegeland JE, et al. A randomized controlled trial of disease management modules, including telepsychiatric care, for depression in rural primary care. Psychiatry. 2007; 4(2): 58-65.
61. Shore JH, Hilty DM, Yellowlees PM. Emergency management guidelines for telepsychiatry. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2007; 29: 199-206. doi: 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2007.01.013
62. Xiong G, Bourgeois JA, Chang CH, Liu D, Hilty DM. Hypochondriasis: common presentations and treatment strategies in primary care and specialty settings. Therapy. 2007; 4(3): 323-338. doi: 10.2217/14750708.4.3.323
63. Hilty DM, McCarron RM, Ton H. Management of mental illness in patients with diabetes. Clin N Am. 2007; 34(4): 713-730.
64. Hilty DM, Cobb HA, Bourgeois JA, et al. Telepsychiatry reduces geographic physician disparity in rural settings: But is it financially feasible because of reimbursement? Psych Clin of N Am. 2008; 31(1): 85-94. doi: 10.1016/j.psc.2007.11.010
65. Yellowlees PM, Hilty DM, Marks SL, et al. A retrospective analysis of child and adolescent e-mental health. J Amer Acad Child Adol Psychiatry. 2008; 47(1): 1-5. doi: 10.1097/chi.0b013e31815a56a7
66. Yellowlees PM, Burke MM, Marks SL, et al. Emergency telepsychiatry. J Telehealth Telecare. 2008; 14: 277-281. doi: 10.1258/jtt.2008.080419
67. Yellowlees PM, Marks SL, Hilty DM, Shore JA. Using e-health to enable culturally appropriate mental health care in rural areas. J Telemedicine E-health. 2008; 14(5): 486-492. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2007.0070
68. Young JS, Hilty DM, Bourgeois JA, et al. Assessment and management of sleep in hospitalized medical patients, Part I: factors affecting sleep. J Hosp Med. 2008; 3(6): 473-478.
69. Hilty DM, Young JS, Bourgeois JA, et al. Algorithms for the assessment and management of insomnia in primary care. Patient Preference Adherence. 2009; 3: 9-20. doi:10.2147/PPA.S2670
70. Hilty DM, Yellowlees PM, Sonik P, et al. Rural child & adolescent telepsychiatry: Successes and struggles. Pediatric Annals. 2009; 38(4): 228-232.
71. Young JS, Hilty DM, Bourgeois JA, et al. Sleep in hospitalized medical patients, Part 2: Behavioral and pharmacological management of sleep disturbances in hospitalized medical patients. J Hosp Med. 2009; 4(1): 50-59. doi: 10.1002/jhm.397

72. Marks SL, Shaikh U, Hilty DM. Weight status of children and adolescents in a telepsychiatry clinic. Telemed E-health. 2009; 15(10): 970-974. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2008.0150
73. Yellowlees PM, Ayers K, Hilty DM. Web-based Multimedia Disaster Mental Health Training—An Accessible, Accredited Program. Internet JRescue Disaster Med. 2009; 9(1).
74. Xiong G, Iosif AM, Brook M, Hilty DM. Predictors of decertification from involuntary hospitalization for bipolar disorder: A retrospective study. Psychiatric Serv. 2010; 61: 200-203. doi: 10.1176/
75. Seritan AL, Iosif AM, Hyvonen S, Lan M, Boyum K, Hilty DM. Gender differences in faculty development: A faculty needs survey. Acad Psychiatry. 2010; 34: 136-140. doi: 10.1176/appi.ap.34.2.136
76. Pakyurek M, Yellowlees PM, Hilty DM. The child and adolescent telepsychiatry consultation: can it be a more effective clinical process for certain patients than conventional practice? Tel J e-Health. 2010; 16(3): 289-292. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2009.0130
77. Chadha-Hooks PL, Park JH, Seritan AL, Hilty DM. Postpartum depression: An original survey of screening practices within a healthcare system. J Psychosomatic Obstetrics Gynecology, Early Online. 2010; 1-7, and 31(3): 199-205. doi: 10.3109/0167482X.2010.484513
78. Jibson M, Hilty DM, Arlinghaus K, et al. Clinician-educator tracks for residents: three pilot programs. Academic Psychiatry. 34(4): 269-276. doi: 10.1176/appi.ap.34.4.269
79. Yellowlees PM, Odor A, Burke MM, Iosif AM, Haught K, Hilty DM. A feasibility study of asynchronous telepsychiatry for psychiatric consultations. Psych Serv. 2010; 61(8): 838-840. doi:10.1176/
80. Williams M, Pfeffee M, Boyle J, Hilty DM. Telepsychiatry in the emergency department: Overview and case studies. California HealthCare Foundation. 2010. At http: //
81. Yellowlees PM, Odor A, Patrice K, et al. Asynchronous medicine-a disruptive healthcare process that will improve care delivery? J Telemedicine E-health . 2011; 17(3): 231-234.
82. Yellowlees PM, Odor A, Patrice K, et al. PsychVACS: A system for asynchronous telepsychiatry. J Telemedicine E-health. 2011; 17(4): 299-303. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2010.0159
83. Srinivasan M, Li ST, MeyersFJ, et al. Teaching as a competency for medical educators: competencies for medical educators. Acad Med. 2011; 86 (10): 1211-1220. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e31822c5b9a
84. Xiong GL, Brooks LM, Scott CL, Hilty DM. Decertification outcomes for bipolar disorder in an inpatient community mental health treatment center: Impact on subsequent service use over two years. Comm Mental Health J. 2012. doi: 10.1007/s10597-012-9481-6
85. Silberman EK, Belitsky R, Bernstein CA, et al. Recruiting researchers in psychiatry: The influence of residency vs. early motivation. Acad Psychiat. 2012; 36: 285-290. doi: 10.1176/appi.ap.10010010
86. Yellowlees PM, Odor A, Patrice K, et al. Transcultural psychiatry made simple: Asynchronous telepsychiatry as an approach to providing culturally relevant care. Tel e-Health. 2013; 19(4): 259-264. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2012.0077
87. Hilty DM, Srinivasan M, Xiong G, et al. Lessons from psychiatry and psychiatric education for medical learners and teachers. International Rev Psychiatry. 2013; 25: 329-337. doi: 10.3109/09540261.2013.794129
88. Hilty DM, Ferrer D, Callahan EJ, et al. The effectiveness of telemental health: A 2013 review. Tel J e-Health. 2013; 19(6): 444-454. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2013.0075
89. Hilty DM, Cabiniss DL, Dickstein LJ, et al. Impact of the information age residency training: The impact of the generation gap. Academic Psychiatry. 2014.
90. Hilty DM. Advancing science, clinical care and education: shall we update engel’s biopsychosocial model to a Bio-psycho-socio-cultural model? Psychol Cogn Sci Open J. 2015; 1(1): e1-e5. doi: 10.17140/PCSOJ-1-e001