A Special Edition by

HIV/AIDS Research and Treatment – Open Journal (HARTOJ)

Submissions deadline: June 30th, 2016 (Article processing charges: $99)

Decision letters sent to authors on or before: August 31st, 2016

Final accepted manuscript published: Published online immediately.

Safiya George Dalmida, PhD, APRN-BC

Associate Professor
Director of Scholarly Affairs
Capstone College of Nursing
The University of Alabama
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
Tel. (205) 348-1033; 1-800-313-3591 (Toll Free)
Fax: (205)348-5559
E-mail: sfgeorge@ua.edu

Pamela Payne-Foster, MD, MPH

Associate Professor
Deputy Director, Institute for Rural Health Research
College of Community Health Sciences
The University of Alabama
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
Tel. (205) 348-5148
Email: ppayne-foster@cchs.ua.edu

Introduction of Special Edition

HIV-Related Stigma across the Lifespan

People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) across all ages experience some degree of HIV-related stigma. Although HIV/AIDS is now considered a chronic, treatable illness, stigma continues to be an issue for many PLWHA and may affect engagement and retention in HIV care. Additionally, stigma reduces the likelihood that PLWHAs will disclose their status to others, which may play a role obtaining care and social support, and inthe risk of transmitting the virus to others (Simoni & Pantelone, 2005). Stigma also serves as a barrier to HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment (Mahajan, et al., 2008) and maycontribute to the expansion of the epidemic (Visser, Kershaw, Makin & Forsyth, 2008). Stigmatization may lead to feelings of shame, guilt, self-loathing and depression, which can result in low self-esteem and decreased social interactions (Emlet, 2007; Galvan, Davis, Banks and Bean, 2008). PLWHA have reported being stigmatized by family and friends, as well as losing their jobs or housing (Herek, 1999). Because ofthe negative health outcomes related to stigma, strategies and interventions to reduce HIV/AIDS-related stigma have been identified, developed and recommended for implementation in both developed and developing countries. Heijnders and van der Meij (2006) reviewed pertinent literature and identified numerous strategies and five levels of intervention to reduce stigma: 1) intrapersonal, 2) interpersonal, 3) organizational/institutional, 4) community, and 5) governmental/structural. Education is the common thread in interventions to reduce HIV/AIDS-related stigma. Heijnders and van der Meij (2006) argue that interventions must empower PLWHAs to take an active role in developing relevant stigma-reduction programs in their communities. It is important that outcomes be assessed to determine effective strategies for different populations. A recent literature review of interventions to reduce HIV/AIDS-related stigma has shown that measures used to evaluate stigma reduction in intervention studies were disparate or inadequate. Additionally, none of the studies addressed or showed any outcomes related to increased HIV testing, access to care and treatment, new and improved policies, or improved social support. However, knowledge gaps persist about the impact of HIV-related stigma on HIV-specific outcomes and in various age groups. This special edition solicits high quality manuscripts about HIV-related stigma and the role of stigma on HIV-related outcomes. Submitted papers may be in the form of original qualitative or quantitative research, case reports, and integrative literature reviews. This special edition invites manuscripts from all disciplines.



Age, Stigma, Adherence and Clinical Indicators in HIV-Infected Women

Katryna McCoy*, Melinda Higgins, Julie Ann Zuñiga and Marcia McDonnell Holstad

PDF504 KB504 KB

Brief Research Report

Barriers and Facilitators to HIV Testing Among Women

Graham J. McDougall*, Safiya George Dalmida, Pamela Payne Foster and Joe Burrage

PDF412 KB412 KB

Brief Research

Perceptions of HIV-Associated Stigma in the U.S. Virgin Islands

Elizabeth Di Valerio, Safiya George Dalmida*, Tai Hunte-Ceasar, Amy Schweizer, Gritell C.B. Martinez, Alexandra Savinkina, Laura Harker, Kate Yuhas, Kelsey Simhachalam, Hayley Robinett, Peiyuan Huang, Brittany Freeman and George C.T. Mugoya

PDF516 KB 516 KB


HIV Knowledge, Perceived Risk and Gender as Modulators of Salivary HIV Rapid Testing in African

Pamela Payne Foster*, Safiya George Dalmida, Graham J McDougall and Joe Burrage

PDF452 KB 452 KB


Engagement of African Americans with Rapid HIV Testing and HIV Care

Safiya George Dalmida*, Graham J. McDougall Jr., George C. T. Mugoya, Pamela Payne Foster, Makenzie Plyman and Joe Burrage

PDF548 KB548 KB


Dr. Safiya George Dalmida & Dr. Pamela Payne-Foster

(Guest Editor)