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  • 2020, February

    case report

    Blighted Ovum: A Case ReportOpen Access

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    Abstract [+]

    Presenting in her late twenties, this case report examines a G6P2 patient at 11-weeks gestation that was diagnosed with a blighted ovum, as well as the subsequent outcome and methods of additional management. A blighted ovum refers to a fertilized egg that does not develop, despite the formation of a gestational sac. The most common cause of a blighted ovum is of genetic origin. Trisomies account for most first trimester miscarriages, while consanguineous marriages result in recurrent miscarriages due to a blighted ovum. Additionally, a higher percentage of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage in sperm carries a higher rate of miscarriage. Nutritional factors that may lead to a blighted ovum include low-levels of copper, prostaglandin E2, and anti-oxidative enzymes. High body mass index (BMI), especially in women with a BMI≥30 kg/m2 has been shown to be linked to a blighted ovum. Globally, it has been shown that a blighted ovum is a serious adverse event related to vaccination against dengue fever.

  • 2019, August

    original research

    Preconception Care: Existing Knowledge in Karnataka, India and Need for an InterventionOpen Access

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    Preconception care improves pregnancy outcomes. The aim of preconception care is to identify situation in which the parents particularly mother or the fetus may be in any additional health risk, and to take steps to minimize the risk before pregnancy is possible. But the concept of preconception care is not as popular as in western countries comparing to India where the number of maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality is high.


    To assess the level of knowledge among married women on preconception care by structured knowledge questionnaire; determine the effectiveness of informational booklet in terms of gain in knowledge scores; find the association between pre-test knowledge score and selected variables like age, education, occupation, type of family and parity.

    Materials and methods

    The study was carried out among married women between the age group of 18-35 residing in a selected village of Udupi District, Karnataka, India. An evaluative approach with one group pre-test and post-test design was used. Frequency, percentage, paired t-test and Chi-square test were used to analyze the data.


    Majority (55%) of the women had poor knowledge and 45% women had average knowledge in pre-test. In the post-test 57% of women had good knowledge and 43% had average knowledge. Mean difference between the pre-test and post-test knowledge score was 7.92, p<0.001 which showed an improvement in knowledge scores among women. An association was found between educational status and knowledge among women which can be inferred that the level of knowledge is dependent on the level of education.


    Majority of the married women had poor knowledge on preconception care and an informational booklet on preconception care is an effective intervention in improving the knowledge.


    Preconception care; Married women; Information booklet; Knowledge level.

  • 2019, June


    Hysteroscopy Versus Laparoscopy in the Management of Isthmocele: A Review of the LiteratureOpen Access

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    Isthmocele is a pouch defect of the anterior uterine wall, detected at the site of the previous cesarean scar. It can be asymptomatic or cause abnormal uterine bleeding, pelvic discomfort and difficulty conceiving. The main objective of this review is to highlight the hysteroscopic and laparoscopic approaches in the management of this disorder.

    Main Findings
    During the hysteroscopic approach, the superior and inferior edges or just the superior edge of the defect are resected, removing the fibrotic tissue and allowing renewal of the continuous canal between the cervix and the uterine cavity. Whereas, the laparoscopic approach consists of direct visualization and removal of the defect followed by re-approximation of the myometrium. Both methods lead to significant improvement in symptoms and fertility.

    While hysteroscopy is a quick non-morbid procedure that allows concurrent removal of other uterine pathology, laparoscopy is characterized by improved visualization and decreased risk of complications with defects less than 3mm as well as the possible correction of uterine retroversion. Definitely, randomized controlled trials are required in this field for better guidance of the diagnosis and management.

    Isthmocele; Uterine niche; Cesarean scar defect; Cesarean scar syndrome; Hysteroscopy; Laparoscopy.

About the Journal

Women’s Health – Open Journal (WHOJ) is an online open access journal which deals with the prevalent health, psychological and social issues, specific to a woman.

The journal aims at disseminating health issues such as menstruation, contraception, maternal health, childbirth, menopause, and breast cancer as well as creating awareness regarding the social stigma such as sexual education, contraception, abortion and discrimination faced by a woman in the society.

Having always been a thought-provoking subject, women’s health and related issues will help spread social awareness pertaining to the qualms of gender as a social determinant of health and issues specific to human female anatomy. This will further help in understanding the areas where biological sex differences between women and men exist.

The World Health Organization emphasizes gender being a social determinant of health and exposes all the initiatives required to handle the health issues of a woman more than a moral issue.

Openventio is determined to propagate all the detailed issues related to the women’s health through its open journal to the female community for its welfare.

Aims and Scope

Women’s Health – Open Journal (WHOJ) is dedicated to the open dissemination and robust discussion of the health issues of  women, covering a wide array of subjects as given below:

  • Diabetes in pregnancy
  • Breast cancer
  • Reproductive disorders
  • Women’s safety
  • Abortion and its management
  • Aging
  • Oral contraception in women
  • Premature ovarian failure
  • Obesity and pregnancy
  • Disability
  • Women’s psychology and other related disorders
  • Menopause
  • Menopausal hormone therapy
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Venous thromboembolism
  • Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy
  • Lactation
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Genitourinary syndrome of menopause
  • Gynecologic oncology
  • Women’s healthcare
  • Women’s edema

Submissions towards this journal may be range from the very basic women’s health to novel advancements.

The audience of WHOJ encourages physicians, nursing practitioners, women’s health specialists, gynecologists, obstetricians, oncologists, cardiologists, therapists, academicians and students to share their ideas.

The journal welcomes all types of articles such as original research, review, case-report, mini-review, editorial, short-communication, book-review, opinion, commentary, letter to the editor, conference, proceedings, technical report, errata, and illustrations.

We are open to receive comments and corrections to improve the quality of our journal.