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Recently Published Articles
  • 2019, September

    retrospective study

    Exploring the Association between Demographic Factors and Breast Cancer Diagnosis at a Holistic Breast Imaging Clinic in Cairo, EgyptOpen Access

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    Abstract [+]


    Breast cancer is among the most common cancers affecting women worldwide, including Egypt. Age is a well-known determinant of breast cancer risk; however, more data is needed to better understand the importance of age on incidence of breast cancer in the Middle East. Being overweight or obese are also known risk factors—especially for post-menopausal women–however, these data are not available for women in developing countries.


    The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore the association between age, breast density, and demographic factors of breast cancer patients, across a spectrum of radiological breast diagnoses at a large Breast Imaging Clinic in Cairo, Egypt.

    Materials and Methods

    We explored the association between age, demographic factors, and Breast cancer incidence among 6,711 women undergoing mammographic screening over a consecutive period of 6-years. Data was collected from March 2007 until March 2013 and extracted

    from an electronic data base system.


    A total of 6,711 participants were included in this study. The median age of all patients was 46.1. Mean body mass index (BMI) of 28.5, where 34% of the patients were overweight and 32.4% were obese. Older women were more likely to be obese compared to younger women (38.4% vs 18.1%, p<0.001). Older females were more likely to have less dense breasts (ACR: A) compared to younger females (18.1% vs 8.7%, p<0.001). Women older than 40 had a higher confirmed number of breast cancer diagnoses compared with the younger age group (10.7% vs 3.5%, p<0.001). Women with breast cancer were more obese (p<0.001), had denser breasts (p<0.001), were post-menopausal (p=0.002), and more likely to be Muslim (p=0.0021). In the multivariate analysis, aforementioned factors were significant predictors for confirmed diagnosis.


    To our knowledge this is the largest study to examine the association of radiological breast assessments on breast cancer incidence, obesity and demographic factors in Egypt. Although data shows the global burden of breast cancer is shifting to the developing world and affecting younger women at alarming rates, our data demonstrated a very low occurrence of breast cancer in both age groups.


    Breast cancer; Breast radiological diagnoses; Phenotypic variations; Breast imaging-reporting and data system (BI-RADS).

  • 2019, July

    original research

    Uptake of the BI-RADS Ultrasound Characterization of Breast Masses: Perceptions among Staff at Mulago National Referral Hospital, UgandaOpen Access

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    Abstract [+]


    The Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) is a classification system aimed at standardizing risk assessment during breast ultrasound to ensure patient safety. BI-RADS is currently used in Uganda so as to standardize breast ultrasound reporting and enhance patient management.


    This study aimed at exploring staff perceptions towards the use of the BI-RADS ultrasound characterization of breast masses.


    It was an exploratory qualitative study that involved staff who perform breast ultrasound at Mulago Hospital in Uganda. Focus group discussions and individual interviews were conducted.


    All staff used the BI-RADS system, however, some of them had a negative attitude towards BI-RADS. The three major themes that emerged were: standardization of breast ultrasound reporting for patient safety; need for more Continuous Professional Development (CPD) and challenges with the BI-RADS system.


    The study demonstrated that the staff generally had positive perceptions and attitude of the BI-RADS system and felt that it was an efficient system for ensuring patient safety and further reduce mortality from breast cancer.


    Breast imaging-reporting and data system (BI-RADS); Breast; Ultrasound; Staff perceptions.

About the Journal

Radiology – Open Journal (ROJ) is an online open access end to end portal that encompasses all documentation related to radiology and its related disciplines.

Radiology is a medical specialty that uses imaging to identify and treat diseases seen within the body using various techniques like X-ray, radiography, CT, PET, MRI, etc.

Openventio is dedicated to act as an open access portal to all radiology professionals who want a single source for descriptive studies and developments in this field.

Aims and Scope

Radiology – Open Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that aims to be a complete and reliable source of discoveries and publications in the form of original, articles, review articles, case reports, and product launches that affect this field.

ROJ covers a wide array of subjects as given below:

  • MRI imaging
  • Radiology exposure and protection
  • Cardiovascular imaging
  • Computer-aided detection
  • Diagnostic radiology
  • Breast imaging
  • CT Scan
  • Procedures in radiology
  • Anatomical and physiological studies
  • Medical image computing
  • Radiography imaging and physics
  • Health laws and ethics
  • Clinically research in diagnostic and
    interventional radiology

Openventio  encourages documentation among the ever growing medical community to ensure that the data gets recorded and passed on to new practitioners.

Submissions for this journal are accepted from all practitioners and students of radiology, from experts to novices wanting to explore the field.

The audience of ROJ includes doctors, nurses, research assistants, local community practitioners, equipment manufacturers, lab technicians and students of various universities and general communities from different parts of the world.

The journal welcomes all types of articles such as original research, review, case-report, mini-review, editorial, short-communication, book review, opinion, commentary, letter to the editor, conference proceedings, technical report, errata, illustrations, etc.

We are open to receive comments and corrections from experts to improve the quality of our journal.