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Recently Published Articles
  • 2020, February

    short communication

    Public Health, Population Health, Population Health Management, and Describing a Role for Data Analytics: Ideas for Health System AdministratorsOpen Access

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    Abstract [+]

    Some clinical medicine, public health, and health systems administration professionals recognize the role of data in identifying conditions that could be used in the diagnosis and treatment of individuals, as well as, in the development of public health policies or allocation of resources to prevent disease and promote health in populations. Data is important to assess the efficacy of a public health or health system program. In this short communication, key terms of public health, population health, and population health management are defined and, then, a role for data analytics is described to help health system administrators with population health management activities.

    Keywords

    Public health; Population health; Population health management; Data analytics; Health system administration.


  • 2020, January

    original research

    Chemical and Drug Use in Dairy Farms of Hawassa Town, Southern EthiopiaOpen Access

    PDF381.89 KB 381.89 KB
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    Abstract [+]

    Aim

    The current study was conducted to assess chemical and drug use in dairy farms of Hawassa town, Southern Ethiopia.

    Methods and Materials

    A total of 45 dairy farms were selected based on the willingness of the owner and the availability of information using a cross-sectional study from December 2017 to April 2018. Besides, data were collected through a questionnaire survey and close observation.

    Results

    Accordingly, based on observational assessment, most farms commonly used savlon (88.9%) iodine (60%) and detergent (20%) as antiseptics. Albendazole was the common anthelmintic by all dairy farms. Besides, Diazinon is used as acaricides (51.1%) and 57.8% of farms used sulfa drugs as an antiprotozoal agent. Similarly, all dairy farms in the study area used penicillin-streptomycin combination injection and ampicillin-cloxacillin combination for the treatment of mastitis. Based on a questionnaire assessment on 24 animal health assistants from different farms in of the study area, most (79.2%) did not remind owners to avoid the use or sale of animal products during withdrawal time. Out of the total, 27 (60%) of them offer or sell products to the public from animals treated with any of drugs without holding the withdrawal period of the drug.

    Conclusion

    The current study revealed that there was a high risk of drug and chemical residues in dairy products in the study area which can be a great threat to public health. Consequently, awareness creation through mass education, training and extension service should be promoted in the study area in order to ensure better chemical and drug use and minimize its public health hazards.

    Keywords

    Assessment; Chemicals; Dairy farms; Drugs; Milk.


  • 2020, January

    review

    Degradation of Plastic Materials Using Microorganisms: A ReviewOpen Access

    PDF437.03 KB 437.03 KB
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    Abstract [+]

    Plastics are polymers of higher molecular mass of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic solids used as inputs for industries. Over the last few years, the need for biodegradable plastics has led to extended significance due to the extreme use of plastics and increasing pressure being positioned on to be had capacities for plastic waste disposal. Lack of degradability and the closing of landfill sites as well as growing water and land pollutant problems have caused the situation about plastics. Plastics are causing great difficulty in environmental problems and consequently, this desires manufacturers to synthesize materials that do not have an impact on the environment. The use of microorganisms in the surrounding to metabolize the molecular shape of plastic materials to produce an inert humus-like material and this is much less dangerous to the surroundings, furthermore, expertise their interaction and

    the biochemical adjustments they undergo are tremendously essential. In addition, the use of bio-active compounds coated with swelling materials ensures that once it is far mixed, with heat and moisture, they make bigger the plastics molecular structure and permit the bio-lively compounds to metabolize and neutralize the plastic. Thus, this overview article is revised to inspire and make an impact on the importance of microorganisms on biodegradation plastic substances.

    Keywords

    Biodegradation; Microorganisms; Plastics; Pollution; Hazard.


  • 2019, October

    mini review

    Therapeutic Modalities: Best Practices to Protecting Patients from Harm During TreatmentOpen Access

    PDF310.99 KB 310.99 KB
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    Abstract [+]

    Healthcare providers and clinicians such as athletic trainers and physical therapists utilize therapeutic modalities to administer treatment to patients in the clinical setting. It is the responsibility of these healthcare providers to ensure the safe use of therapeutic modalities during treatment sessions, as well as effective delivery of treatment. Thermal-heat, ultrasound, cryotherapy and electrostimulation treatments have the potential for causing harm to patients. Proper care and maintenance of modalities can minimize the risk to patients and avoid legal issues for physical therapists and athletic trainers. This article will explore some of the legal issues, case studies and reports as well as providing information on what healthcare providers can do to protect patients.

    Keywords

    Risk management; Negligence; Malpractice; Best practices; Injury prevention; Athletic Trainer; Physical Therapists; Accreditation.


  • 2019, October

    original research

    The Relationship between Socioeconomic Status and Adherence to Antihypertensive Treatment Regimen in a Metropolitan Community Sample of Hypertensive African Americans in New YorkOpen Access

    PDF405.92 KB 405.92 KB
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    Abstract [+]

    Introduction

    Low socioeconomic status (SES) is one of the strongest predictors of morbidity and premature mortality worldwide, as well being associated with large increases in cardiovascular disease in both men and women. Uncontrolled hypertension contributes to cardiovascular disparity. Non-adherence to antihypertensive regimens worsens the cardiovascular burden and further widens the health disparity gap. A hierarchical multiple regression study of multiple factors impacting adherence among urban residents in a New York metropolitan region found socioeconomic factors as the strongest factors impacting adherence in this cardiovascular high-risk population..

    Methods

    Secondary analysis of data of a cross-sectional, correlation design study of a dissertation study, with each of the SES variables analyzed against adherence and self-efficacy variables.

    Results

    Overall, only three SES variables (years with the same provider, work status and income) were significantly related to adherence and/or self-efficacy. Years with the same provider was related to adherence with correlation of rs=0.16 (p=0.048), and to self-efficacy rs=2.0 (p=0.016). Work status was related to adherence with difference in adherence scores between retired and unemployed subjects (KS=38.6, p=0.013 with Bonferroni adjustment; means=3.7 and 3.3, respectively). Work status was not related to selfefficacy scores. Income level was significantly related to the self-efficacy scores, but not the adherence scores. Difference noted between earners<$10,000/year and >$80,000/year (KS=-44.2, p=0.037, with Bonferroni adjustment; means=3.06 and 3.51, respectively).

    Discussion

    Low socioeconomic status and non-adherence to antihypertensive regimens remain important factors which worsen cardiovascular health and widen health disparity health gaps. This is evident among the cardiovascular high-risk persons of African descent including those residing in the New York metropolitan regions. Self-efficacy is implicated as a mediating variable between income and adherence. The inverse relationship between fulltime work status and adherence was no longer noted. Further investigation on the associations between income, full time status and adherence among young, hypertensive Blacks/African Americans; as well as self-efficacy mediating effects on income and adherence is recommended.

    Keywords

    Socioeconomic status or poverty or low income; Adherence or compliance; Hypertension treatment or hypertension therapy; Blacks or African Americans.


About the Journal

Public Health – Open Journal aims at discussing issues related to health systems,  faced on both global and individual levels and its widespread implementation.

Public Health aims at preventing diseases, epidemics, prolonging human life and promoting health through individuals, organizations, government entities, and communities as a whole.

Openventio aims to focus on all the detailed matters related to public health and to gather information from all the authors and diverse sources in a uniform way through our well-designed open access portal.

Aims and Scope

Public Health – Open Journal aims to classify different issues pertaining to public health systems around the world and analyze the latest developments in policies on micro and macro levels.

PHOJ covers a wide array of subjects as given below:

  • Risk management
  • Epidemics
  • Education plans
  • Environmental monitoring and analysis
  • Public health policies
  • Road accidents and safety regulations
  • Public health research
  • Health programs
  • Outbreaks and subsequent containment
  • Public health safety
  • Communicable disease outbreak and prevention

Submissions for this journal are accepted from fundamental research to detailed public health plans.

The audience of PHOJ includes surgeons, physicians, pharmacists, registered nurses, pharmaceutical manufacturers, adjunct healthcare professionals, housekeepers, policy makers, volunteers, practitioners, social workers, students of various universities and general communities from different parts of the world.

The journal welcomes all types of articles such as original research, review, case-report, mini-review, editorial, short-communication, book review, opinion, commentary, letter to the editor, conference proceedings, technical report, errata, illustrations, etc.

We are open to receive comments or corrections from experts to improve the quality of our journal.