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  • 2020, July

    brief research report

    How Self-Reflection Influences Use of Cognitive and Analytical LanguageOpen Access

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    Abstract [+]

    Objective
    We examined cognitive processes and analytic expression according to emotional prime, hypothesizing that negative affect may increase rumination as seen in analytic language (that is, lead to language of “explaining”), as well as insight and causality, reflecting language focused on specific reasons.
    Method
    Sixty-four participants were assigned randomly to write about either “positive aspects of myself ” or “aspects of myself that I would like to change”. These narratives about positive and negative characteristics were subjected to the linguistic inquiry and word count (LIWC) in order to examine how the manipulations influenced expression.
    Results
    More insight and causation in language was seen in participants’ language that focused on positive (rather than negative) aspects of themselves, but more discrepancy was seen when writing about negative qualities. These findings were not a function of wordiness.
    Conclusion
    Causality and insight were prevalent in language after positive prompting, perhaps because people were providing rationale and support for positive self-talk. Discrepancy suggests counterfactual thought and was common in writing from a negative prompt.
    Keywords
    Language use; Analytical language; Sex differences in linguistics.


  • 2020, July

    short communication

    Looking Back, Moving Forward: Reflection on Race and RacismOpen Access

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    Abstract [+]

    This paper addresses the history of racism, its manifestation and its impact. It recognises that racism is both interpersonal and structural. It is embedded in the way society and organisations are structured, through policies and practices that disadvantage black people. It is important now to work towards racial justice for the sake of a better and shared future.
    Keywords
    Racism; Race; Black lives matter; Psychotherapy; Belonging; Identity and black identity; Internalised racism; White racism.


  • 2020, April

    clinical study

    A Case Study Exploring Pre-Service Teachers’ Programming Difficulties and Strategies when Learning Programming LanguagesOpen Access

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    Abstract [+]

    Understanding the importance of training young people, this study sought to explore the early experience of pre-service teachers in their computational practices in terms of the difficulties they faced and the strategies they used while learning how to program. Based on convenience sampling, four participants were recruited from an undergraduate course focusing on computer science education in K-12. The literature on novice programmers’ difficulties and their strategies was used to establish the conceptual background for this study. We collected four semi-structured interviews with pre-service teachers, a total of five hour-long classroom observations, and 19 class activities (archival data). After conducting a content analysis, findings showed four categories in which pre-service teachers face difficulties: (a) understanding the computational concepts (semantic); (b) using the concepts inappropriately (syntax); (c) developing a program (algorithmic thinking), and (d) identifying problems (debugging). We also found five categories in which pre-service teachers overcome their difficulties: planning, using resources, seeking support, guessing and checking, and looking for visual assistance. This study emphasized that pre-service teachers encounter several difficulties in learning computational concepts through programming languages, which should be considered in pre-service teacher education.

    Keywords

    Computational Thinking; Computer science education; Pre-service teachers; Problem solving strategies.


  • 2019, December

    review

    How the Desensitization of Police Violence, Stereotyped Language, and Racial Bias Impact Black CommunitiesOpen Access

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    Abstract [+]

    As the access to create media continues to expand, issues related to the desensitization of police violence, stereotyped language (racial baiting), and implicit bias within the criminal justice system are brought to the forefront highlighting the negative and harmful relationships between the criminal justice system and Black communities. In order to address these issues on a national scale, a call to action is made for psychologists to assist in restructuring the understanding of the relationship of violence, cognition, and media in order to advocate for social justice. Psychological research on the topics are discussed as well as how the field of psychology can inform training within police departments and the communities they serve.

    Keywords

    Police violence; Racial bias; Black communities.


  • 2019, November

    original research

    Exploring the Notion of Performance in Branch Sales Managers: A Narrative ApproachOpen Access

    PDF482.62 KB 482.62 KB
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    Abstract [+]

    Aim

    The purpose of this study was to identify factors that affect the performance of branch sales managers (BSM) of a private bank in India. It also aimed to identify factors that differentiate high performing BSMs from the rest.

    Methods

    A phenomenological methodology known as narrative analysis was used to uncover the lived experiences of Branch sales managers. Open-ended semi-structured interviews were conducted with 50 Branch sales managers situated across the Northern, Western and Southern Regions of India who were pre-classified in two pools of talent–high performers and average performers based on their performance ratings.

    Results

    Results yielded two distinguishing profiles of high and average performing BSMs known as ‘Bulls’, and ‘Bears’ respectively. Ramifications of individual’s personality, family structure and education profile, birth order, educational and vocational choices, influence of their past work experience, etc., were found to contribute to distinct patters of wok behavior and thereby performance.

    Conclusion

    Sales organizations will need to hire both “Bull I/Bull II” and “Bears” as each brings a different work ethos that is critical for high and consistent performance within the sales function. Organizations will need to create specific performance levers to engage the “Bull I/Bull II” and “Bears”.

    Keywords

    Bears; Bull I; Bull II; Sales performance; Sloths.


  • 2019, October

    review

    Building Resilience in Children to Prevent Social Aggression: The Principles of Behavioral SciencesOpen Access

    PDF399.75 KB 399.75 KB
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    Abstract [+]

    Most anti-bullying programs today are punitive. They rely heavily on schools enforcing procedures based on reporting, investigating, punishing, and labeling bullies. This paper challenges the notion that bullying behavior can be regulated effectively by legislative bodies and policymakers. Schools are communal ecosystems featuring unique social norms and behaviors. For example, in school, a student reporting a classmate to authorities may be labeled a ‘snitch’ because ‘tattling’ violates accepted social norms. Furthermore, the current legal definitions of bullying are confusing and complicated. In many cases, even trained lawyers have difficulty identifying acts of bullying. We suggest, the better approach to preventing bullying in schools, even the workplace, is to ground interventions using psychological frameworks to strengthen children’s social and emotional competence. We contend that social development models provide the psychological frameworks society needs to develop emotionally stable children and

    adults while providing them with the internal fortitude to bounce back effectively from adverse situations like bullying.

    Keywords

    Bullying prevention; Social-emotional learning (SEL); Social development; Emotional strength; Social aggression; Anti-bullying; Self-awareness; Social-emotional competence; Power imbalance; Intentional; Columbine; Intervention.


  • 2019, August

    original research

    Impact of Insomnia on Optimism: A Predictor Factor among Young Adults in Indian ContextOpen Access

    PDF330.14 KB 330.14 KB
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    Abstract [+]

    Objective

    This study examined the impact of insomnia and its psychosocial correlates among young adults in a University in Indian Context.

    Participants

    Sample data were collected from 92 full-time university students (68.3 % females, mean age=19.33 SD=1.032 in Group 0 and in Group 1: 96.6% females, mean age=23.21 and SD=1.146).

    Methods

    Participants completed a self-reported questionnaire that included the pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), and optimism index (OI). A PSQI global score equal to or greater than 5 indicated insomnia.

    Results

    There is a negative correlation between insomnia and PSQI and OI was found to be (r =-0.342, p<0.01) which means a higher level of optimism is related to better sleep quality and more sleeping difficulties relate to lower level of optimism.

    Conclusion

    Optimism and sleep quality were both cause and effect of each other a bidirectional causal relationship.

    Keywords

    Insomnia symptoms; Sleep duration; Optimism.


About the Journal

Psychology and cognitive sciences have emerged vastly in the last two decades and more importantly in the 21stcentury. It is a study of mind and intelligence including memory, emotions, perception, attention, conceptual development, decision making and reasoning.

Psychology and Cognitive Sciences – Open Journal (PCSOJ) deals with the study of  psychology and behavioral sciences, philosophy, neuroscience, mathematics, computer science, health informatics, medicine and linguistics.

Openventio aims at the widespread propagation of matters related to encompass cognitive functions, human language, mind evolution, artificial intelligence and many more through its open journal to  the scientific community for its welfare and control.

Aims and Scope

Psychology and Cognitive Sciences – Open Journal (PCSOJ) is dedicated to the open dissemination and robust discussion on the latest trends of Cognitive Sciences and Psychology.

PCSOJ covers a wide array of subjects as given below:

Primary Subjects

  • Attention, cognition and memory
  • Behavioral science and neuroscience
  • Cognitive psychology
  • Development and abnormal psychology
  • Educational, health and medical psychology and psychiatry
  • Interpersonal neurobiology
  • Neuroscience and neuropathology

Secondary Subjects

  • Anxiety and stress
  • Behavioral and chemical addiction
  • Biostatistics and epidemiology
  • Creativity, problem-solving and reasoning
  • Evidence-based psychotherapy, psychodynamic therapy and psychoanalysis
  • Health informatics, telehealth and technology
  • Implementation science
  • Population and public health

Articles that have an impact on cognitive sciences, psychological concepts and computational intelligences will be accepted towards this journal.

The audience of PCSOJ are psychologists, anthropologists, philosophers, neuroscientists, education researchers, linguists and computer scientists.

The journal welcomes all types of articles such as original research, review, case report, mini review, editorial, short communication, book review, opinion, commentary, letter to the editor, conference proceedings, technical report, errata, illustrations etc.

We are open to receive comments and corrections from to improve the quality of journal