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  • 2019, July

    original research

    In Need of Care but Providers of Care: Grandparents Giving Fulltime Care to their Grandchildren in Rural UgandaOpen Access

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    Abstract [+]

    Background

    In most African countries, the elderly face challenges that affect their health and wellbeing and are more pronounced because of the systemic factors of inadequate health care, food insecurity and the general care. Increasing population of the elderly persons in Uganda is raising concern than ever before. The purpose of this paper to ascertain care available to the rural elderly persons and their role as carers for their grandchildren and implications on their wellbeing.

    Methods

    This was a qualitative study conducted among the rural elderly aged 60 years and above in eight purposively selected district that included Lira, Nebbi, Kampala, Luwero, Pallisa, Jinja, Mbarara, and Ntungamo. The study sample consisted of 101 elderly person from whom in-depth interviews were conducted. Data was analysed using qualitative thematic content analysis.

    Results

    Rural elderly in Uganda face a lot of constraints that include access to healthcare and information, poor economic status, food insecurity and poor nutrition, and poor accommodation and housing conditions. Two broader themes emerged inductively from the analysis that include care available for the rural elderly and providing care to grandchildren. These themes generated several subthemes. Taking care of grandchildren crippled the elderly and reduced the economic benefits. That said some rural elderly were happy and felt fulfilled to care of the grandchildren despite the lack of resources.

    Conclusion

    The rural elderly in Uganda are living in doleful conditions with limited care and support. They need care but are the providers of care to the grandchildren. They are frails and may not afford to provide adequate care. They care for grandchildren many of whom are orphans and vulnerable yet they themselves need care. It is important the government and the community re-enforce this care not to put strain on elderly. The rural elderly unique challenges necessitates special targeting and mobilization of resources at the household, local, district and national levels.

    Keywords

    Grandparents; Care; Orphans; Grandchildren; Skip-generation; Uganda.


  • 2017, July

    original research

    Socio-Economic and Demographic Correlates of Overweight and Obesity: A Study on the Karbi Women of Assam, Northeast IndiaOpen Access

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    Abstract [+]

    Background: Excess adiposity is a chronic condition that contributes to non-communicable
    disease (NCD) related morbidities, mortalities and causes public health problems.
    Objectives: The objectives of the present community based cross-sectional study were to assess
    the prevalence of overweight and obesity and its socio-economic and demographic concomitants
    among a group of Karbi women of Assam, Northeast India.
    Material and Methods: The study was carried out among 600 Karbi married women aged 20-49
    years in Karbi-Anglong district of Assam, Northeast India. Height and weight were recorded
    and body mass index (BMI= weight (kg)/ height2
    (m2
    )} was calculated. The prevalence of
    overweight (BMI≥23.00-24.99 kg/m2
    ) and obesity (BMI≥25.00 kg/m2
    ) were assessed using
    the Asian-Pacific population reference cut-offs. Data on the socio-economic, demographic and
    lifestyle variables were collected using a pre-structured questionnaire.
    Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity were 17.33% and 14.33%, respectively.
    Binary logistic regression (BLR) analysis showed that age at the time of interview, family size,
    ≥4 number of dependent children, alcohol consumption, tobacco use and monthly per-capita
    income were the significantly risk factors for both combined overweight-obesity and obesity
    independently (p<0.05). Step-wise multiple logistic regression showed that age at the time of
    interview (30-39 years) (p<0.01), consumption of alcohol (p<0.05) and use of tobacco (p<0.05)
    remain the significant risk factors for combined overweight-obesity; and age at the time of interview
    (30-39 years) (p<0.01), monthly per-capita income (p<0.05) and number of dependent
    children (p<0.01) for obesity.
    Conclusion: Prevalence of overweight and obesity is emerging as a public health issue among
    the indigenous Karbi women of Assam. The results suggest that increase in age, alcohol consumption,
    tobacco use, number of dependent children and family income were the major predictive
    variables that increases the prevalence of excess adiposity. Appropriate healthcare strategies
    and intervention programmes are required to reduce subsequent complications of excess
    adiposity in this population.


About the Journal

Anthropology – Open Journal (ANTPOJ) is an online open-access web portal which covers a wide area of human health and illnesses, health care systems, diseases, and bioanthropological measures.

Anthropology covers fields like social, cultural & biological. ANTPOJ  purely focuses on the medical aspects of anthropology that would cover the biological and physical strains that invariably involve, healthcare and all related issues.

Openventio aims to highlight all the detailed matters related to anthropology and to bring information from all the authors and diverse sources in a uniform way through our well-designed open access portal.

Aims and Scope

Anthropology – Open Journal aims to create awareness and discuss issues pertaining to anthropology and its co-relation with medicinal sciences, community, and interdependencies among each other.

ANTPOJ covers a wide array of subjects as given below

  • Historical illnesses
  • Economic anthropology
  • Human embryology
  • Ethnography
  • Anthropological analysis of the floods
  • Cultural and geography based diseases
  • Ethnobotany and digital infrastructures
  • Statistical aspects of anthropology
  • Primatology
  • Morphometric aspects of archaeology
  • Archaeology and mineralogy

Submissions for this journal are accepted from the very roots of anthropology to the latest research advancements in the field of medical anthropology.

The contributors of ANTPOJ includes doctors, midwives, nurses, research fellows, local community practitioners, psychiatrists, social scientists and students of various universities and general communities from different parts of the world.

The journal welcomes all types of articles such as original research, review, case-report, mini-review, editorial, short-communication, book review, opinion, commentary, letter to the editor, conference proceedings, technical report, errata, illustrations, etc.

We are open to receive comments or any corrections from subject experts to improve the quality of our journal.