Associate Editor

Chong-Do Lee, FACSM

Associate Professor
Healthy Lifestyle Research Center
School of Nutrition and Health Promotion
Arizona State University
500 North 3rd Street
Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA


Dr. Lee is a population health scientist, expertise in cardiovascular disease and cancer epidemiology. He earned his doctorate from the University of Houston and completed his postdoctoral training in epidemiology and biostatistics from the Cooper Institute in Dallas, TX and National Institute of Health-sponsored postdoctoral training in cardiovascular disease epidemiology from the University of Minnesota. He is an Associate Professor at Arizona State University in the School of Nutrition and Health Promotion.

Research Interest

His research interest includes: Cardiovascular Disease, Cancer, Physical Activity & Nutritional Epidemiology, Constructing Prediction Algorithms of CVD, Cancer, and Type 2 Diabetes, Establishing Cardio respiratory Fitness and Adiposity Standards; Community Health Promotion, Weight Loss and CHD and Lung Cancer Detection Programs.

Scientific Activities


• (2010) Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine (FACSM)
• (2009) American Heart Association, The Steven N. Blair Award for Excellence in Physical Activity Research
• (1999) National Institute of Health, National Research Service Award (NRSA)
• (1996) Polar Electro Research Award
• (1983) Academic Excellence Award, Yonsei University


• America Heart Association
• American College of Sports Medicine
• North American Association for the Study of Obesity
• American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance
• World Taekwondo Federation (5th degree Black Belt)


55. Hodges MG, Lee CD, Lorenz K, Cipriani D. Review of the PE metrics: Cognitive assessment tool for the fifth-grade students. Biomedical Human Kinetics. 2015; 7: 119-125.doi: 10.1515/bhk-2015-0017
54. Arnold T, Johnston C, Lee CD, Garza AM. Eating in the absence of hunger in college students. Appetite. 2015; 92: 51-56. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2015.05.010
53. Jae SY, Kurl S, Laukkanen JA, et al. Relation of C-Reactive Protein, Fibrinogen, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness to Risk of Systemic Hypertension in Men. American Journal of Cardiology. 2015; 115: 1714-1719. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2015.03.016
52. Angadi SS†, Mookadam F, Lee CD, Tucker WJ, Haykowsky MJ, Gaesser GA. High-intensity aerobic interval training improves peak oxygen uptake and diastolic dysfunction in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2015; 19: 753-758. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00518.2014.
51. Lee YH, Park SH, Yoon ES, et al. Effects of combined aerobic and resistance exercise on central arterial stiffness and gait velocity in patients with chronic poststroke hemiparesis. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2015; 94: 687-695. doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000000233.
50. Lee CD, Jae SY. Lifestyle factors and coronary artery calcification. Pulse. 2014: 2; 95-102. . doi: 10.1159/000376595
49. Hodges M†, Kulinna PH, Lee CD. Teaching healthy behaviour knowledge in primary school physical education. Biomedical Human Kinetics. 2014; 6: 33-39. doi: 10.2478/bhk-2014-0006,
48. Lee YH, Yoon ES, Park SH, Heffernan KS, Lee CD, Jae SY. Associations of arterial stiffness and cognitive function with physical fitness in patients with chronic stroke. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. 2014; 46, 413-417. doi: 10.2340/16501977-1790
47. Yoon ES, Park SH, Lee YH, Lee CD, Jae SY. The effects of acute resistance exercise on ischemia-reperfusion injury-induced macro and microvascular dysfunction in healthy young adults. The Korean Journal of Sports Medicine. 2013; 31(2): 107-114. doi: 10.5763/kjsm.2013.31.2.107
46. Lee CD, Kang HY. Associations of lifestyle factors with cancer mortality and life expectancy in men. Korea Society for Wellness. 2013; 8: 397-404.
45. Kim PS, Shin YH, Noh SK, Jung HL, Lee CD, Kang HY. Beneficial effects of judo training on bone mineral density of high-school boys in Korea. Biol Sport. 2013; 30(4): 295-299. doi: 10.5604/20831862.1077556.
44. Lee CD, Sui X, Hooker SP, Hébert JR, Blair SN. Combined impact of lifestyle factors on cancer mortality in men. Annals of Epidemiology. 2011; 21: 749-754. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2011.04.010.
43. Sui X, Lavie CJ, Hooker SP, et al. A Prospective Study of Fasting Plasma Glucose and Risk of Stroke in Asymptomatic Men. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2011; 86(11): 1042-1049. doi: 10.4065/mcp.2011.0267
42. Jung HL†, Kwak HE, Kim SS, et al. Effects of Panax ginseng supplementation on muscle damage and inflammation after uphill treadmill running in humans. The American Journal of Chinese Medicine. 2011; 39: 441-450 doi: 10.1142/S0192415X11008944
41. Herrmann SD†, Hart TL, Lee CD, Ainsworth BE. Evaluation of the MyWellness key accelerometer. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2011; 45: 109-113. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2009.062182
40 Mitros M†, Gabriel KP, Ainsworth B, Lee CD, Campbell K, Swan P. Comprehensive Evaluation of a Single-Stage Submaximal Treadmill Walking Protocol in Healthy, Middle-Aged Women. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2011; 111: 47-56. doi: 10.1007/s00421-010-1615-3
39. Mitchell JA†, Bornstein DB, Sui X, et al. The impact of combined health factors on cardiovascular disease mortality. American Heart Journal. 2010; 160: 102-108 doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2010.05.001.
38. Jung HL, Kim BS, Lee CD, et al. Effects of red ginseng intake on muscle injury due to eccentric exercise. Preventive Nutrition and Food Science. 2010; 15: 88-91.
37. Banda JA†, Clouston K, Sui X, Hooker SP, Lee CD, Blair SN. Protective Health Factors and the Incidence of Hypertension in Men. American Journal of Hypertension. 2010; 23: 599-doi: 10.1038/ajh.2010.26
36. Byun W†, Sui M, Hooker SP, Lee CD, Church TS, Steven N. Blair. Effect of positive health factors and all-cause mortality in men. Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise. 2010; 42: 1632-1638 doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181d43f29.
35. Gabriel PKK, Rankin RL, Lee CD, Charlton ME, Swan PE, Ainsworth BE. Test-retest reliability and validity of the 400-meter walk test in healthy, middle-aged women. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2010; 7: 649-657
34. Sui X, Lee DC, Matthews CE, et al. Influence of cardiorespiratory fitness on lung cancer mortality. Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise. 2010; 42: 872-878 doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181c47b65
33. Lee CD, Sui X, Blair SN. Combined effects of cardiorespiratory fitness, not smoking, and normal waist girth on morbidity and mortality in men. Archives of Internal Medicine. 2009; 169: 2096-2101 doi: 10.1001/archinternmed.2009.414.
32. Choi HG‡, Cho JH, Lee CD, et al. Association of obesity linked factors, and inflammatory factors with leptin hormone in female college students. Korean J Health Promot Dis Pre. 2009; 2: 148-153. doi: 10.1080/01635580802455149
31. Lee CD, Jae SY, Iribarren C, Pettee KK, Choi YH. Physical fitness and carotid atherosclerosis in men. Int J Sports Med. 2009: 30: 672-676. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1224179.
30. Pettee KK, McClain JJ, Lee CD, et al. Evaluation of physical activity measures used in middle-aged women. Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise. 2009; 41: 1403-1412 doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31819b2482.
29. Lee CD, Jacobs DR, Iribarren C, Sidney S. Cardiorespiratory fitness and coronary artery calcium in young adults: The CARDIA Study. Atherosclerosis. 2009; 203: 263-268. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2008.06.012
28. Jaggers JR†, Swank AM, Frost KL, Lee CD. The acute effects of dynamic and ballistic stretching on vertical jump height, force, and power. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2008; 22: 1844-1849doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181854a3d.
27. Park MJ, Jung SR, Jung HL, Craig WC, Lee CD, Kang HY. Effects of 4-week recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) administration on insulin resistance of skeletal muscle in rats. Yonsei Medical Journal. 2008; 49: 1008-1016. doi: 10.3349/ymj.2008.49.6.1008.
26. Kruger J, Lee CD, Ainsworth BE, Macera CA. Body size satisfaction and physical activity levels among men and women. Obesity Research . 2008; 16: 1976-1979. doi: 10.1038/oby.2008.311.
25. Shin MY‡, Lee CD, Kang HY, Oh DJ, Choi HG. Bone mineral density in different types of dance: Female high school and college students. Journal of Korea Society of Dance Science. 2008; 16: 79-88. doi: 10.1186/1550-2783-9-57
24. Sui X, Hooker SP, Lee IM, et al. A prospective study of cardiorespiratory fitness and risk of type 2 diabetes in women. Diabetes Care. 2008; 31(3): 550-555. doi: 10.2337/dc07-1870
23. Choi HG‡, Lee CD, Cho JH, et al. Association of white blood cell counts with cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, and blood lipids in female college students. J Kor Sports Med. 2008; 26: 6-12.
22. Lee CD, Jacobs DR, Schreiner P, Iribarren C, Sidney S. Abdominal obesity and coronary artery calcification in young adults: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007; 86(1): 48-54
21. Choi H‡, Lee CD. Lifestyle risk factors and osteopenia in female college students. The Korean Journal of Physical Education. 2007; 46: 485-492.
20. Iribarren C, Darbinian JA, Go AS, Fireman BH, Lee CD, Grey DP. Traditional and novel risk factors for clinically diagnosed abdominal aortic aneurysm: the Kaiser Multiphasic Health Checkup Cohort Study. Annals of Epidemiology. 2007; 17: 669-678 doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2007.02.004
19. Shin MR‡, Lee CD, Kang HY, Oh DJ, Choi HJ. The influences of dancing activity on bone mineral density in middle and high school females. Journal of the Korean Society of Dance Science. 2007; 14: 67-74.
18. Lee CD. Cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, and atherosclerotic vascular disease in young adults. KAHPERD International Sports Science Congress. 2007: 37-43.
17. Choi H‡, Lee CD, Cho JH, et al. Association of osteopenia with physical activity in female college students. The Korean Journal of Sports Science. 2007; 16: 587-594. doi: 10.1249/01.mss.0000273876.79955.7e
16. Choi H‡, Lee CD, Cho JH, et al. Association between bone mineral density and health-related physical fitness test components. The Korean Journal of Sports Science. 2006; 15: 625-632.
15. Choi H‡, Lee CD, Kang HY, Shin MY, Oh DJ. Bone mineral density in different types of sports: Female high school athletes. Journal of Korean Physical Education Association for Girls and Women. 2006; 20: 37-44. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2007.05.003
14. Jung JH†, Joo JH, Lee KC, et al. The relationships between health-related physical fitness, bone mineral density, serum lipidlipoprotein profiles and stress hormone in college females. Korean Journal of Health Promotion. 2006; 6: 28-236.
13. Lee CD, Folsom AR, Pankow JS, Brancati F. Cardiovascular events in diabetic and non-diabetic adults with or without history of myocardial infarction. Circulation. 2004; 109: 855-860. doi: 10.1161/01.CIR.0000116389.61864.DE
12. Kang HY, Joung SR, Lee CD. The effects of 12-week walking training on insulin sensitivity in postmenopausal female with impaired fasting glucose. Exercise Science 2004, 13(4): 435-444.
11. Lee CD, Folsom AR, Blair SN. Physical activity and stroke risk: a meta-analysis. Stroke. 2003; 34: 2475-2481.
10. Lee CD, Blair SN. Cardiorespiratory fitness and smoking-related and total cancer mortality in men. Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise 2002; 34: 735-739.
9. Lee CD, Blair SN. Cardiorespiratory fitness and stroke mortality in men. Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise 2002; 34: 592-595. doi: 10.1097/00005768-200204000-00005
8. Lee CD, Folsom AR, Nieto FJ, Chambless LE, Shahar E, Wolfe DA. White blood cell count and incidence of coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke, and mortality from cardiovascular disease in African-American and White men and women: Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. American Journal of Epidemiology 2001; 154: 758-764. doi: 10.1093/aje/154.8.758
7. Lee CD, Blair SN, Jackson AS. Cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in men. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1999; 69: 373-380.
6. Wei M, Gibbons LW, Mitchell TL, Kampert JB, Lee CD, Blair SN. The association between cardiorespiratory fitness and impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes mellitus in men. Annals of Internal Medicine 1999; 130: 89-96. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-130-2-199901190-00002
5. Lee CD, Jackson AS, Blair SN. US weight guidelines: Is it also important to consider cardiorespiratory fitness?. International Journal of Obesity 1998; 22 (Suppl 2): s2-s7.
4. Blair SN, Wei M, Lee CD. Cardiorespiratory fitness determined by exercise heart rate as a predictor of mortality in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study. Journal of Sports Science 1998; 16: s47-s55. doi: 10.1080/026404198366678.
3. Cho JH, Lee CD. Effects of prolonged detraining on stress hormone response to exercise. The 40th anniversary ICHPERD SD world congress proceeding at Kyung Hee University, July 4-9. 1997; 30-32.
2. Lee CD, Cho JH. Cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index, and cardiovascular disease mortality in men. Journal of Physical Education. 1998; 37: 204-210. doi: 10.1001/archinte.165.18.2114.
1. Lee CD, Cho JH. Change in physical activity and cardiovascular disease mortality in men. Journal of Sports Science. 1997; 6: 241-247.